The U.N. Security Council on Thursday evening voted to authorize a no-fly zone over Libya and to “take all necessary measures” - without using an occupation force - to protect civilians and population centers under the threat of attack in Libya.
Diplomats warned that action was needed to halt Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi's rapid advances against rebel positions in his country.
The broadly worded resolution would seem to leave open the possibility that air forces implementing the no-fly zone may not only prevent Libyan military aircraft from flying, but also target Gadhafi’s wider ability to wage war.
“We’ve been told by diplomats this could certainly indeed move the door so that you have a more of a robust military approach – by the West, by Arab countries – to help the rebels and stop Col. Gadhafi from reaching Benghazi,” said CNN’s senior U.N. correspondent, Richard Roth.
“The next step is really not here anymore at the U.N. It is going to be decided elsewhere [by U.N. member states] whether there are planes flying and ships moving to counter Col. Gadhafi’s military advance,” Roth said, adding that it wasn’t clear when the establishment of the no-fly zone would happen.
Here is what Thursday’s resolution authorizes:
The authorization establishes a ban on all flights in Libyan airspace to help protect civilians. The exceptions are:
– Flights by U.N. member states for the purpose of enforcing the flight ban
– Humanitarian flights (such as those delivering medical supplies, food and humanitarian workers)
– Any flights “which are deemed necessary” by nations enforcing the no-fly zone.
U.S. military officials have said that a no-fly zone would typically be enforced by fighter jets.
A no-fly zone could cost up to $300 million a week, according to data obtained by CNN’s Barbara Starr.
“Protect civilians and civilian populated areas”
In addition to the no-fly zone, the resolution authorizes member states “to take all necessary measures … to protect civilians and civilian populated areas under threat of attack in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, including Benghazi.”
However, the resolution prohibits "a foreign occupation force of any form on any part of Libyan territory."
Roth, reporting on CNN and CNN International, said that the exact composition of the nations that would participate wasn’t immediately clear. The Arab League's U.N. ambassador, Yahya Mahmassani, said two Arab countries would take part in a no-fly zone operation, but he was not sure which two.
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said the United States would not act without a U.N. resolution. The United States has said it wants Arab nations to take part in no-fly zone.
Asked whether France will be involved in strikes against Libya if a resolution was passed, French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe said Thursday at the United Nations that "France is available with others to put the resolution in action, including in this domain."
Germany, one of five nations on the Security Council to abstain from Thursday’s vote, said it would not contribute any forces. The other nations that abstained from Thursday's vote were Russia, China, Brazil and India.
No Fly Zone will cost money and above all lives.But it is worth the price to pay for people crying to be liberated.
But Barba dear....you ARE the problem of the west. If it was for oil, as you claim, then why are the oil prices so high everywhere? That's right, because everyone is afraid of your countries erupting into a suicidal war with yourselves. I do have to agree with you. For some of you in your country, you really should handle your own problems. If you kill yourselves over Sunni or Shiite....it really isn't our business. It's too bad that the Arab League, again, YOUR people, demanded the UN do something, because you yourselves, cannot do a thing. I do have to say, we shouldn't help any people that demonize us as you have. God Bless the French, Italians, Germans, Spanish, English and Americans. While we don't see eye to eye on many things, we see eye to eye on enough. By the way, which Arab nation created the internet, computers, electricity, cars, telephones, in other words, everything you use to slander us with baseless accusations and handy buzz phrases. Sicily and Malta have always taken the brunt of refugees from those south of them unable to live in their own nations. So, they run to nations that their safety is guaranteed. You know, the west. And last I looked, nobody in the west are killing those not of their own faith. Where is the largest mosque in Europe? Rome. You know, the birthplace of Christianity. How many mosques or churches are in Mecca? Oh, that's right, no other religion is allowed. We call that calling the kettle black. So much for "tolerance" of Islam. What is the penalty for conversion to christianity from islam? Death. Penalty for conversion to islam from christianity? None.
You want to talk about hypocrisy?
isnt that the point of the UN to be a police force. The Libyan people need help and it seems only miliary force will do it. If you don't support the cause please support the armed forces.AMERICA!
Where is Egypt, which has a large military including air force, when its neighbor needs help? And that coward of a country Saudi Arabia? These Arab countries have more at stake and need to learn leadership in their own region, before the U. S. needs to get into yet a 3rd Arab/mideast armed conflict.
I agree with Barbara, Claudia, and all others on this forum who are against any outside involvement in Libya. How many times has the UN sat back and watched genocides in poor countries on the African continent and done nothing? Why is this any different? Do you not see the similarities in rhetoric we used to justify attacking Saddam and Iraq?? Wake up people!!! Give me a break. It is, was, and always will be about oil and who controls it.
I feel that the U.S. has its own problems at home as well as in our current engagements. Seeing the dollar figures of $300 Million a day should remind everyone that someone will have to pay for this. As an American, I pay our taxes and feel that there are other problems here at home and Iraq and Afghanistan that should be payed for before we run off and get ourselves involved in another conflict. Let the Libyans deal with their own problems. America is not perfect, so instead of wasting our time and resources on foreign soil, President Obama should use the CHANGE he spends here in America and solve our problems at home. If Obama needs something to fix, why not look into Immigration, Drug and Gang Violence, Environmental Concerns, and Global Food Issues. Wake Up America!
China and Russia are the usual suspects among the abstainers, but the presence of democratic nations like Germany, India and Brazil in that group somehow bothers me.
$300 million per week just for no fly zone. lol My Gosh. Good luck Americans. You will b poorer than last year for sure. lol Hope America wins the oil in Libya soon otherwise all Americans will suffer more deficits and of cause you will lost your job, house and perhaps your wives will run away to China and marry rich Chinese men over there. lol
It is really stupid to have war in time of huge deficit. It seems that America is hunger for foreign oil and money. Win the war and create more American contract to cover the expenses of Libya war. Good luck.
China, you are smart. Save every single cent and let America borrows from you. Eventually you will control America's economy and politic someday. lol
Here is my direct question to Prez Obama of USA Leaders of UK Canada France others?Are you human being?Are you competentenough to kill and steal with a half dozen who have unilaterally super imposed UN charter replacing Quran Islam.While China Russia India Germany and Brazil objects and men women children have made human shield outside residence of Col Qadaffi France UK Italy UK Canada flattening Libya with its citizen?It is incredible.Half a dozen anti islamic none Christian members of security council have qualified from going from Hajab ban to Prophet's caricature to virtually ordering closure of islam replacing Quran with UN charter bringing old Zoarastrian Roman Empire of zeus and Old Judaism (pre christianity PreIslamic) revived .Not only it is an order to flatten Libya empty six million Modern Libya with six refineries oil gas field destroyed with Italian Control of Libya (pre 3000 bc old ruins of Libya. First and foremost? what kind of leaders are YOU? My family 8 (dead and alive) were dependent uopon me unpto 1973 (appropriately UN resolution 1973 to finish off Islam and people of Libya) despite col Qadaffi's own Green Book in lieu of Red Book of Mao se Tung setting aside Quran! I was number one employee with seven babies children and mother with $43m with other relatives dependent by 1973.suddenly during 1973- 2011 my entire family have been imprisoned with atrocities of worst kind ( on going even today – with some of us from 8 and few from relatives during 1973-2011).If you Mr Prez President Obama Pm D Cameron PM Stephen Harper – if you have any decency explain these and I will explain that without adequate room to have had access to democracy job own family asset we are like in movie terminal 1973-2011 at airport or at home without electricity power without basic access to any one.My fault! Col Qadaffi had arrived in 1969 as Islamic:"Brother Gamal abdul Nasser I have arrived to avenge Israel for 1967 Six day War"? Unfortunately I had mailed him a letter of reminder with my job address and tel Phone as best skilled best eductaed person of G8.My photo and address is in http:www.islamic socialclub.wordpress.com
The un no fly zone has not bring an end to the conflict in libya but make the situation more brutal and hard for innocent civillians.I think the un should look for a political solution to bring an end to the conflict between pro and anti gaddafi.
Another war adventure costing billions and we don't know when it will end despite the GFC and the hardships of some nations on the brink of total bankruptcy. Such wasted resources to make a point against someone we dislike has become history revisited. Change regime doctrine is still stuck with US troops in Iraq and the millions of death and destruction. But this time will be different. Watch what will happen to Paris and London next. Don't blame the Colonel.He will be gone likely but his ghost will freeze EU capitals for decades. Libyans are tribal and will sort their stuff out amongst themselves but the 'culprits' who set them up against each other will pay. Question of time.
Well put,Marinari. This country's being run by a bunch of guys who were bullies in their high school days! That seems to be all they know.
You're right. We'll let Egypt and Saudi handle it.
But, I DO find it interesting how you threatened EUROPE, when it is pretty much certain that the US would handle it.
Cute, but anyone with more than a week's experience in the REAL world of military action and diplomacy KNOWS who you are.
So, I'll give you a hint, say hello to Iblis for us.
I'm in agreement with Cesar on Personny. I'lm gonna go hug my toilet and regurgitate what you wrote and I read. Your ignorance is all too telling. You don't have a clue about anything. What are you .... 12?
Yes I think this will be the last time France intervenes for a LONG time. Their president had better start packing his bags now, because he's headed the way of Tony Blair.
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