The growth in the United States’ white population last decade is due largely to a rise in the number of the country’s Hispanics, the U.S. Census Bureau says.
And the number of people who reported their race as both black and white more than doubled, according to the bureau.
Hispanics account for 74% of white population’s growth
Though the number of whites in the United States rose last decade, and though they still were in the vast majority in 2010, their share of the total population dipped.
Because other races grew faster, whites’ percentage of the population – including multiracial whites – dropped from 77% to 74.8%. Nevertheless, the white population did grow by 14.1 million people, or 6.5% (to 231 million).
Of that growth, most of it came from people who identified as Hispanic. It is important to note that the bureau considers Hispanic to be a category of origin, not race.
Whites who said they were Hispanic accounted for 74 percent of the growth in the U.S. white population from 2000 to 2010, according to the bureau. This includes people who said they were multiracial white, such as white and black, or white and Asian.
The number of Hispanic whites – both multiracial Hispanic whites and not – rose from 18.8 million to 29.2 million, and now represent 9.4 percent of the U.S. population, up from 6.7 percent.
Non-Hispanic white population declines in 15 states, increases in some big cities
The number of non-Hispanics who reported white as their sole race declined in 15 states, including 11 in the Northeast and Midwest. For whites as a whole, including white Hispanics and multiracial whites, their greatest population growth was in the West and South, with Arizona (21 percent increase), Nevada (21 percent) and Utah (20 percent) leading the way.
Non-Hispanic whites were increasingly drawn to some big cities. In nine of the 20 largest metropolitan areas, the percentage of non-Hispanic whites living inside the principal city, versus living outside, increased (Los Angeles, Washington, San Francisco, New York, Seattle, Atlanta, Miami, Boston and San Diego). This happened as percentages of people living inside the principal cities versus outside decreased in 19 of those metro areas.
Black population grows 15%; white-and-black up 137%
The population of U.S. blacks – either those who said they were solely black, or black in combination with other races – rose 15%, to 42 million. That comprises 14% of the U.S. population, up from 13% in 2000.
An increasing percentage of all U.S. blacks lived in the South, where most American blacks already lived. Fifty-seven percent of black-alone Americans lived in the South in 2010, up from 55% in 2000. Percentages decreased in the Northeast and the Midwest, the bureau said.
About 60 percent of blacks – multiracial or not – lived in 10 states in 2010: New York, Florida, Texas, Georgia, California, North Carolina, Illinois, Maryland, Virginia and Ohio, according to the bureau.
The number of people who said they were both black and white rose by 137%, from about 785,000 in 2000 to 1.8 million in 2010. The black-white population is the nation’s most prevalent multiracial group, the bureau said.