With former Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi ousted and dead, Libya’s interim government seems confident the country can reach pre-war oil production levels soon. But not everyone is so optimistic.
Before the February uprising, Libya put out about 1.6 million barrels of oil each day. That’s 2% of the world’s daily oil production.
The oil stopped flowing during the civil war as foreign companies left without properly shutting down the oil infrastructure. It is estimated Libya is now producing about 350,000 barrels of oil per day, but Libya’s new leaders are anxious to get more oil flowing.
Some oil companies that operated wells and refineries in Libya before the war “expressed some skepticism regarding a restoration of production to full pre-war levels within the next six months,” according to Fadel Gheit, managing director of oil and gas research at the Oppenheimer & Co. investment bank and firm.
“Obviously, the whole country is in shambles … civil war, total anarchy. Nobody is in control,” Gheit said. “So it’s not, obviously, a situation that will encourage oil companies to hurry back to Libya anytime soon.”
Gheit said because European oil companies left Libya so quickly during the uprising, they didn’t place the drills and refineries in a state that would make them easy to start up again. In some cases, wells will have to be re-drilled.
The new leaders of Libya will have to invest in the dilapidated oil infrastructure to maximize production and increase the nation’s revenue. But their limited funds are also needed to rebuild the country in the wake of intense fighting. If they spend too much on one, they may not be able to get the other done.
Click the audio player to hear the rest of the story from CNN Radio's Steve Kastenbaum:
Researchers in Hawaii who predicted that a wave of debris from Japan’s March 11 tsunami may hit Hawaiian shores by 2013 are preparing studies that may allow more precise forecasts.
The preparations come a month after a Russian ship found “unmistakable tsunami debris” – including a refrigerator, a TV and a damaged 20-foot fishing vessel – in the Pacific Ocean between Japan and the Midway Atoll, according to the International Pacific Research Center of the University of Hawaii at Manoa.
The fishing boat had markings that indicated it came from Japan’s Fukushima Prefecture, the university said.
“The most important thing the (Russian ship did in September) did was provide solid proof of the existence of the tsunami debris,” researcher Nikolai Maximenko said Wednesday. “Soon we hope to have better information and to make exact forecasts for the landfall of debris for Midway (Atoll).”
Maximenko and fellow researcher Jan Hafner predicted in April – using computer models developed from observations of how buoys drift in the ocean – that some of the debris that the tsunami carried away would reach the Hawaiian islands by 2013. Some debris would then hit the western U.S. and Canadian coasts by 2014 before bouncing back toward Hawaii for a second impact.
They also predict that some of the smaller, lighter debris such as plastic bottles could reach the Midway Atoll, more than 1,200 miles northwest of Hawaii, by this winter.
Comment of the day:
“I'm going as Mr. Clean. Should bald people be offended?” - sbruce89
This year, students from Ohio University decided to take a stand against dressing up as racial stereotypes for Halloween, or at least open a discussion about the unsavory costumes.
Mission accomplished. The story about their campaign certainly sparked a response from CNN.com readers, nearly all of whom said the students were taking themselves too seriously.
Mai2Cents said, “I'm Irish, so maybe the leprechaun costumes and all the St. Patty's Day stuff should be thrown out the window too. Oh, I forgot, I'm white. I'm not allowed to feel offended by anything negative said about me. My bad.”
Helena22 responded, "If people have been killed and persecuted because of the misconception of leprechauns, then please feel free to file a grievance.”
WoodlandEDU said, “If you can't understand the larger and deeper ramifications of these costumes and personas, then go back to school! You were scammed - you learned nothing!”
rojo1284 responded, “You are a fool ! I am Hispanic and I found the burro costume hilarious. I highly doubt that people are judging the worth of an entire race by wearing a Halloween costume. Political correctness has gone too far.”
GawdAwful said, “Whew. I'm going to wear a XXXL suit and stuff it full of pillows, draw some fake beard on my face, add some extra chins, shuffle around dancing badly and go as Chaz Bono. But I'm white, so this is not offensive.”
DelishusCake said, “I'm a ginger, and I get offended when other people dye their hair red. Ban red hair dye!”
thatrix said, “I find this article offensive and stereotypical. Just because I'm white doesn't mean that I take my Halloween costume as anything more than a costume. Get a life Ohio University.”
humn said, "’No pervasive stereotypes for whites?’ Apparently Cobb has never heard of rednecks.”
Rainbow512 said, “Oh I live in Texas and I love it when Europeans wear cowboy hats!”
ksig162 said, “Would it be offensive if a Nazi dressed up as Hank Williams Jr.?”
GawdAwful said, “Lighten up ALREADY America.”
skady said, “Will I offend the Japanese by dressing in an anime-inspired costume?”
NHLisdope said, “I’m Indian and my buddy is Asian; we are going to be Harold and Kumar for Halloween. If not he was going to be a ninja and I was going to dress up in a 7-11 uniform.”
heyitsmebob said, “I attend Ohio University and I am going to wear whatever the hell I choose.”
CaptainJack1 said, “I am deeply offended when anyone goes out dressed as a pirate. I ask that everyone remember that we have feelings too and want to be treated with respect. Thank you."
TracyLF said, “If someone asks you nicely ‘please don't make fun of my race on Halloween’ the polite civilized person says ‘Ok. I will respect your wishes.’ Only D-bags make a big deal about it.”
CNN asked four experts on religion and technology to weigh in on whether former Apple chief Steve Jobs is achieving a kind of secular sainthood. Their collective answer: yes and no. But most CNN.com readers said that while they appreciate Jobs' contributions to society, they don’t view him as a saint.
Hope said, “I have always liked Steve Jobs. For years I would pay attention when his name was mentioned. From the first little apple computer I was hooked. He had a very captivating character. Now I see that I wasn't alone. I wouldn't call him a saint but he was a genius. He was certainly complex but I wouldn't think him cruel. Many people who were on the receiving end of his ‘bullying, belittling, and lying’ would have been thrilled to run to the media with the stories. People will do anything for money. Haven't we always allowed passionate people a temper?”
Jim said, “A man is not judged by the quality of what he designs and markets to the world, but rather, the love he had or didn't have for the people in this world. Was his vision to help others?”
Dean said, “Jobs is overrated ... just like the products his company produces.”
Jim said, “Jobs was a technology visionary. THAT cannot be disputed. He was a valuable man to the advancement of technology, but fallible and certainly no saint."
Tony Montana said, “A saint? No. Too much glorifying of the man here. He was a captain of a technology ship but he didn't event the ship. Nobody thought of Thomas Edison, Albert Einstein or even Michael Jackson as a saint. Stop making something out of nothing. Loved his products but that's it.”
RGS said, “Jobs gave the world a beautiful gift and although I concur with all the praise he rightfully deserves, fans are taking it too far. Being compared to Da Vinci or having the word 'saint' thrown around is not only insulting, but scary at the same time. Jobs might have been a different kind of CEO but he was a CEO, none the less.”
Joaquin responded, “What's the matter can't CEO's be saints now?”
james mcneil said, “The more we learned about Steve Jobs the more we see him as an ordinary man, very ordinary. Sure, he is absolutely technologically talented, but as a human being he is rather questionable. Did Steve Jobs love anyone in his life, truly love – God, his adopted parents, his biological parents, his children, his friends and colleagues? Perhaps, his work!"
WB said, “Yes we are [making him a saint], but this has been going on for some time. Look he didn't invent anything. He copied Xerox's GUI. He advanced and the public liked it. His fame is really due to his Hollywood connections and naive users.”
Samantha said, “The man is dead, why are we asking this question? He may not be a saint, but is that really what we are focusing on here? We are missing the point of death and the person. Let's remember him for who he was and let others write what they want. No judging who the man was because there should be no judgment now."
Izzie1 said, “Genious, yes. Fascinating human being, yes. Inventor illustrissimo, yes. Saint, nope. He didn't even believe in God 100 percent.”
Portland tony said, “The media is going a little over the top covering his death and biography. Obviously he was a visionary. He excelled at industrial design and electronic product integration! And he apparently was a financial genius. Yet he was only a man with frailties like the rest of us! You may call him what you choose, I'd call him a man.”
Doug said, “Steve Jobs is more popular than Jesus.”
PDrapala said, “Nope, just a genius in our times.”
MattmarkLukeJohn said, “Jobs is beyond sainthood; He is the Savior. Steve Jobs gave his life so the world could have iPhones."
Do you feel your views align with these commenters' thoughts? Post a comment below, or sound off on video.
Compiled by the CNN.com moderation staff. Some comments edited for length or clarity
Major League Baseball has moved Game 6 of the World Series from Wednesday to Thursday, citing "inclement weather and the forecast for rainfall throughout the remainder of the day" in St. Louis.
The game between the Texas Rangers and host St. Louis Cardinals will be played at 7:05 p.m. CT Thursday, MLB said.
"Given the desire to play a game of this magnitude without interruption, and an outlook with better conditions over the next two nights, Major League Baseball, along with the Cardinals and the Rangers, determined that making the decision early would be the most prudent course of action to allow fans enough time to plan accordingly," Major League Baseball said in a statement.
The Rangers need one more win to take the Commissioner's Trophy and end the Cardinals' improbable championship run. The Rangers, who were runners-up to San Francisco in last year's championship series, hold a 3-2 lead, leaving the Cardinals with the daunting task of having to sweep the last two games to be champs.
[Updated at 2:12 p.m. ET] One person was killed and at least five others wounded in a bomb blast late Wednesday while two more improvised explosives were detonated in a village near the southern Philippine port city of Zamboanga, officials said.
Senior Superintendent Edwin de Ocampo, chief of the local police force, said two bombs planted at a lottery outlet and at another site about 100 meters away were discovered. Police were in the process of detonating two of the bombs when the third device went off hitting a roadside eatery in the village of Sangali at around 9:15 p.m., about 30 kilometers east of downtown Zamboanga.
De Ocampo said the three improvised explosives were planted almost 100 meters apart from each other. He said the fatality, a civilian, was killed when he tinkered with the third improvised bomb as policemen were detonating the two other explosives.
"The civilian was killed on the spot by the powerful blast," he said.
Police had initially said two people had died in the blast but later revised the total to one dead.
[Posted at 12:37 a.m. ET] Two people were killed and at least five others wounded in a bomb blast late Wednesday in the southern Philippine port city of Zamboanga, officials said.
Two more improvised explosives were detonated nearby, officials said.FULL STORY
Comment of the morning:
“We got bamboozled and stampeded into this war and where’s the lasting gain from the sacrifice made in blood and $3 trillion in public debt?” – Rover2594
William J. Bennett, a CNN contributor, author, former U.S. secretary of education and former director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, says President Obama is making a mistake by withdrawing nearly all troops from Iraq. Suggesting that the president’s decision is politically motivated, he points to U.S. generals’ wishes to have at least 15,000 troops remain in the country.
But CNN.com readers overwhelmingly disagreed with Bennett. Most readers said that withdrawal is long overdue and that attempting to block Iranian influence seems to be putting off the inevitable. Based on readers' feedback, it’s clear that Americans are ready for the troops in Iraq to come home.
Duckyducky said, “The only reason these people are so upset is because President Obama is doing what Bush couldn't. And a lot of them are also upset because money will stop flowing to their corporate buddies for all those military contracts. They would rather see our military die and continue to funnel that money to the defense companies then bring them home. Shame, shame, shame.”
Moorbo responded, “I would add that this is another Republican that will cheer cutting welfare programs for U.S. citizens in the name of fiscal responsibility, but get upset about cutting this massive portion of our budget for this war that is providing security for people who are not U.S. citizens.
If the majority of Iraq is pro Iran who are we to tell them otherwise? Shall we keep soldiers there to intimidate Iraqis into not liking Iran? I wonder how that would influence their opinion of the U.S.”
GeneralDavis responded. “Got to keep the war factories humming. The next-generation drones - a quarter billion dollars each! - and the cool trillion we'll spend on the F-35 fighters - and that's before the usual 300 percent cost overruns.”
After 17 days of hearing about how pop star Michael Jackson died under Dr. Conrad Murray's care, jurors began hearing Wednesday from people who say the doctor saved lives.
"He's the best doctor I've ever been to," said Gerry Causey, a 68-year-old former patient of the man accused of causing Jackson's death.
The defense will call five witnesses Wednesday to testify about Murray's character as testimony in the doctor's involuntary manslaughter trial nears an end.
"And I just don't think he did what he's being accused of," Causey said under cross-examination by the prosecution.
Much of the prosecution's case has tried to demonstrate that Murray gave reckless and incompetent medical treatment as Jackson's personal doctor in the last months of his life.
Causey met Murray 11 years ago when he was rushed to a Las Vegas hospital with a heart attack, but they' became friends since then, he testified.
"It's because of Dr. Murray, the way he cares for you, the way he makes you feel," Causey said.
Prosecutors contend that Murray abandoned his patients in Las Vegas and Houston, Texas, for the $150,000 a month Jackson had promised him.
"There's no way, he's not greedy," Causey said. "He doesn't charge me my deductable, never has."FULL STORY
Trying to assess the importance of the United Nations' upcoming celebration of the global population reaching 7 billion is sort of like trying to assess the meaning of life.
As the countdown clock to the date keeps ticking, and people keep buzzing about the number, many are trying to figure out the real importance of hitting that marker.
The Wall Street Journal proposed the question: "How Do You Get to 7 Billion People?" The article raised the question: Exactly how do you know that we are reaching this symbolic number on a date set by the United Nations, given that some countries don't have full census data?
"The world's population will hit seven billion on Oct. 31. Or maybe not until next year. Or maybe it has already happened.
"No one knows for sure. But that hasn't stopped the United Nations from picking the last day of the month as the symbolic date, christening it as 7 Billion Day."
Perhaps the occasion will allow us to realize that we need to pay more attention to better tracking our growth and impact - our literal footprint on Earth. For some, there will be the typical celebrations: a baby wrapped in a blanket declared the 7 billionth person to enter this world as hospitals debate which baby was actually the one that hit the marker, similar to what has happened with milestones in the past. (If you're curious where you fall in the mix, Population Action International has a handy "What's your number?" interactive based on your birth date.)
But it seems like this time around, if social media and traditional media are any indication, this milestone is about a little more than just balloons and fanfare. The Wall Street Journal wrote:
"While seven billion is a nice round number, knowing the identity of the lucky baby or the exact moment the threshold is crossed isn't really any more important than pulling over to the side of the road to bask in your car's 100,000th mile. But the building blocks for world population estimates — national demographic statistics and characteristics — are used by governments, businesses and aid groups to plan spending and spot potential trouble spots."
In a growing and ever-changing economic and technological world, this may be the time to look at where we've been, what we're going through now and what challenges lie ahead for such a massive population.
Singer Amy Winehouse's death this summer was the result of alcohol poisoning, an inquest ruled Wednesday, as it reached a verdict of "death by misadventure."
A pathologist told a coroner's court in north London that alcohol toxicity was the cause of the 27-year-old's death, with her blood-alcohol levels measured at more than five times the legal limit for driving.
The Grammy award-winning artist, who had battled with alcohol and drug abuse over several years, was found dead at her north London home July 23.
Testimony at her inquest showed no traces of illegal drugs in Winehouse's system - but more details emerged about her losing battle with alcohol.
Winehouse's physician, Dr. Christina Romete, said she saw Winehouse at 7 p.m. the day before she died, when the singer was tipsy but still able to hold a conversation.
Asked when she was going to stop drinking, Winehouse replied that she would call Romete over the weekend to discuss it, the physician said.
Winehouse was determined to do things her own way, including therapy, Romete said, but was aware of the risks of alcohol abuse.FULL STORY
There is no doubt that planning a wedding takes a lot of time and effort. You've got to make your guest list, hire a caterer, get flowers and decorations, order the cake, the list just goes on and on. That said, a lot can definitely go wrong at a wedding, and sometimes you can't do a darn thing about it. How about getting married in a dust storm for instance? Today's gotta watch is all about wedding disasters, and the video topping our favorites list involves a bride, a groom and an unwelcome guest named "Haboob."
Really dirty wedding crasher – A couple in Arizona got more than they bargained for when they tried to say their "I Dos." You've really gotta watch what happened when a major dust storm rolled in during the middle of the ceremony.
Yemeni women defiantly burned their traditional veils Wednesday in protest of President Ali Abdullah Saleh's brutal crackdown on anti-government demonstrations.
Thousands of women gathered in the capital, Sanaa, said witnesses. They carried banners that read: "Saleh the butcher is killing women and is proud of it" and "Women have no value in the eyes in Ali Saleh."
They collected veils and scarves in a huge pile and set it ablaze in an act that is highly symbolic in the conservative Islamic nation.
More than 60 women were attacked in October alone by the government, said protester Ruqaiah Nasser. Government forces are raiding homes and also killing children, she said.
"We will not stay quiet and will defend ourselves if our men can't defend us," she said. "FULL STORY
The world is days away from officially reaching a population of 7 billion, the United Nations said in a report Wednesday.
The milestone, to be declared on October 31, is a huge spike from less than a century ago. In 1927, the global population was only 2 billion.
Only 13 years ago, the population was at 6 billion, the U.N. says.
While reaching 7 billion in 2011 has long been predicted, the new U.N. report Wednesday - "State of World Population 2011" - looks at challenges and opportunities coming from the dramatic growth.FULL STORY
CNN.com Live is your home for gavel-to-gavel coverage of Dr. Conrad Murray's involuntary manslaughter trial.
Today's programming highlights...
10:00 am ET - Alleged Iran terror plot hearing - Two House homeland security subcommittees convene to discuss the alleged plot to kill the Saudi ambassador to the U.S.
Twin grenade attacks in Nairobi earlier this week were not the work of the Somali militant group Al-Shabaab, a Kenyan government spokesman said Wednesday.
"It was two young guys inspired by Al-Shabaab," said Alfred Mutua, "but not directed by Al-Shabaab leadership."
One suspect has been arrested, Mutua said, and authorities hope to arrest the second soon.FULL STORY
Authorities made a series of arrests at Occupy Wall Street protests in California and Georgia on Tuesday with clashes in one city that involved tear gas being used on demonstrators.
Police said they fired the tear gas on protesters in Oakland, California, after the crowd threw paint and other objects at officers.
The crowd of about 500 people defied calls to leave an area of downtown Oakland on Tuesday, according to police. Protesters had camped for weeks in several areas in the city, including near City Hall, police said.
"The city remains committed to respecting free speech as well as maintaining the city's responsibility to protect public health and safety," Oakland police said in a statement.
Police arrested demonstrators at Woodruff Park in downtown Atlanta overnight. The arrests came after Atlanta Mayor Kasim Reed said he sent ministers to the park "to see if we can find a way to resolve this amicably." A protester at the park said he was scared.
"It's very intimidating," said Malcolm McKenzie. "I believe what we're doing is right, but we're going to jail. It hurts to see America do this to people who want change."
It was unclear how many people were arrested in both cities. CNN affiliate KGO reported that at least 85 people were arrested during an early morning raid in one part of Oakland and there were other arrests throughout the day. In that raid early Tuesday, police dismantled a tent camp set up by protesters in a city park.
The overnight camping had to end because of health and safety concerns, Oakland police said in a statement.FULL STORY