Poll: Catching criminals is fine, but don't use drones for speeding tickets, Americans say
The FAA says many universities, companies and government organizations are developing and producing 155 drone designs.
June 13th, 2012
02:30 PM ET

Poll: Catching criminals is fine, but don't use drones for speeding tickets, Americans say

Go ahead and use drones to track down criminals, to combat illegal immigration or for search-and-rescue missions. But to issue traffic citations?

No way, say Americans.

A recent Monmouth University poll showed there was overwhelming support for using unmanned aircraft in a variety of circumstances, but routine police work was not one of them.

Fewer than a quarter of the 1,708 adults surveyed last week said they would OK the use of drones to issue speeding tickets. Sixty-seven percent said they opposed the idea, and 10% had no opinion. The poll has a margin of error of plus or minus 2.4 percentage points (view a PDF here).

Compare that with the approval ratings for other drone applications: illegal immigration (64%), rescue missions (80%) and locating criminals (67%). The poll also indicates that 64% of Americans would be concerned about their privacy if U.S. law enforcement agencies began using drones with high-tech cameras.

Under the FAA Modernization and Reform Act, which President Barack Obama signed in February, the Federal Aviation Administration is charged with developing a plan “for the safe integration of civil unmanned aircraft systems into the national airspace system as soon as practicable, but not later than September 30, 2015.”

The act is in response to the strict FAA regulations on drone use. It loosens those restrictions, allowing many government agencies to get swifter FAA permission to operate the unmanned aerial vehicles. It also allows any "government public safety agency to operate unmanned aircraft weighing 4.4 pounds or less," if certain criteria are met.

The FAA has authorized drone use for dozens of entities, including more than 20 universities, the U.S. military, local police forces, the FBI, NASA and the U.S. departments of Agriculture, Interior and Energy.

Drone uses vary greatly, according to an FAA document issued in March that outlines how drones will be used in six test ranges.

Not only can their objectives encompass everything from surveillance to searches to air quality testing, they can take many forms. Wingspans range from 6 inches to 240 feet. Weights run the gamut from 4 ounces to 16 tons.

"One thing they have in common is that their numbers and uses are growing dramatically. In the United States alone, approximately 50 companies, universities and government organizations are developing and producing some 155 unmanned aircraft designs,” according to the FAA.

The agency says it will select the test ranges in late 2012, with the first location becoming operational in 2013. The FAA currently has a test site at New Mexico State University, which it’s been using since June 2011.

There have been few incidents with domestic drone use, aside from an accident this month when a $176 million Navy RQ-4A Global Hawk went down in a marsh outside Salisbury, Maryland.

Outside the U.S., however, there has been widespread opposition to American reliance on drones to take out terrorists. A recent Pew Research Center poll showed that the U.S. was the only country among 20 surveyed that approved of using drones to kill extremist leaders in countries such as Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia.

Sixty-two percent of Americans approved of the strikes. The only country with an approval rate rivaling the U.S. was Britain with 44% (47% disapproved). Approval ratings for the other 18 countries ranged from 5% in Greece to 38% in Germany.

A separate Pew survey in Pakistan showed equally ardent opposition, with 58% of those surveyed saying the strikes were unnecessary, 58% saying they are conducted without government approval and 93% saying the attacks kill too many innocent people.

In an April letter to the FAA’s acting administrator, Michael Huerta, the chairmen of the Congressional Bipartisan Privacy Caucus said they had numerous concerns about how the drones would be used.

While lauding the benefits of deploying drones in U.S. airspace – including for “spotting wildfires and assessing natural disasters” – Reps. Ed Markey, D-Massachusetts, and Joe Barton, R-Texas, said “there is also the potential for drone technology to enable invasive and pervasive surveillance without adequate privacy protections."

“Many drones are designed to carry surveillance equipment, including video cameras, thermal imagers, radar and wireless network ‘sniffers,’ ” the representatives wrote. “The surveillance power of drones is amplified when the information from on-board sensors is used in conjunction with facial recognition, behavior analysis, license plate recognition or any other system than can identify and track individuals as they go about their daily lives.”

The congressmen closed by asking several questions. Among them: How does the FAA grant temporary licenses? Who has been certified in the past? Have any applications been denied, and if so, why? Is the public notified about where the drones are used? Who operates the drones? What data are collected? How does the FAA plan to make its drone use transparent?

The American Civil Liberties union also chimed in last year, saying that as drones become increasingly cheaper, law enforcement would ramp up its use of the technology, according to the December report, “Protecting Privacy From Aerial Surveillance: Recommendations for Government Use of Drone Aircraft.”

In the report, the watchdog group said drone usage should be limited to instances in which police believe they can collect evidence on a specific crime. If the drone will intrude on someone’s privacy, police should be required to obtain a warrant. There should also be restrictions on storing images of people, the ACLU said.

If the FAA cannot ensure people’s privacy, Congress should take action, the report demanded.

“The deployment of drone technology domestically could easily lead to police fishing expeditions and invasive, all-encompassing surveillance that would seriously erode the privacy that we have always had as Americans,” attorney Catherine Crump, one of the report’s co-authors, said.

In February, as the Senate considered HR 658 (the would-be FAA Modernization and Reform Act), the ACLU warned that Congress was trying to “fast-track domestic drone use” at the expense of Americans’ privacy.

In addition to concerns that unmanned aircraft crash more frequently than their manned counterparts, the ACLU said nothing in HR 658 addresses the “very serious privacy issues.”

“This bill would push the nation willy-nilly toward an era of aerial surveillance without any steps to protect the traditional privacy that Americans have always enjoyed and expected," wrote senior policy analyst Jay Stanley.

“We don’t want to wonder, every time we step out our front door, whether some eye in the sky is watching our every move.”

Overheard on CNN.com: Unmanned drones ignite domestic surveillance debate

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Filed under: Aviation • Crime • FAA • Politics • Technology • Terrorism • U.S.
soundoff (863 Responses)
  1. Timtaper

    Next to be voted on, will be cameras in the home and bedroom..Say your husband is beating on you......Bam.....in comes the drone and takes him out...Or your kids decide to play hooky......Bam...the drone reports to school board...Or you decide to take off work, and call in sick....then the drone spots you at the golf course......Bam......lost your job..Or maybe you are in your car, drinking that beer,and smoking that joint....Bam......end of life force..I can see how this would really work folks....And don't think of it as one more of your freedoms taken away....its for your own good..If you got nothing to hide....its ok.......so be happy.....that air is still free......for now..

    June 14, 2012 at 8:28 am | Report abuse |
  2. Richp

    I can't believe the people that think using drones in the US against citizens, even criminals, is OK, you KNOW once they get them in use there are going to be those who start abusing them a bit at a time, nibbling away at rights, privacy and anything they can think of. There are already 65 drone bases active in the US, operated by the military, running those cameras and sensors full time on every flight. Do you really want the military and feds watching you 24X7 and reporting everything they see to federal, state and local government.

    June 14, 2012 at 8:28 am | Report abuse |
  3. Name*Mwgyver

    What? That's a waste of $$!

    June 14, 2012 at 8:28 am | Report abuse |
  4. karek40

    But there is not any revenue produced by catching illegal immigrants or criminals or search and rescue (that costs money), however, if we can use a drone to catch you and those many many criminals speeding to & from work and to & from Walmart, well there is great revenue to be produced and we can rent more drones. We need to realize what is really important, its not safe efficient flow of traffic, its revenue and therein is the tragedy.

    June 14, 2012 at 8:33 am | Report abuse |
  5. Martimar

    I wouldn't even use them for criminal tracking. Using military technology for domestic affairs is a bit much. That being said, I could see combatting illegal immigration and drug trafficking with them.

    June 14, 2012 at 8:34 am | Report abuse |
  6. Swells

    I fully oppose the use of drones for anything other than a war effort, and even then only as needed.

    June 14, 2012 at 8:38 am | Report abuse |
  7. TootsieRoll

    I think they should use drones to enforce parking violations. The SECOND that meter runs out..... BLAMO. Better hope you're not in the vicinity digging in your pocket for that last dime...

    June 14, 2012 at 8:50 am | Report abuse |
  8. flippy dippy pants

    I am all for using drones to patrol our highways. It will be effective in spotting the je rks who speed way too fast on our highways. Go for it.

    June 14, 2012 at 9:05 am | Report abuse |
    • Tom, Tom, the Piper's Son.

      If you think people drive too fast on the highway…you have no business being on a highway. Perhaps you would feel better if you kept your minivan/SUV on surface streets and stop casing congestion on the highway.

      June 14, 2012 at 11:10 am | Report abuse |
  9. Newyorker

    Only use drones to catch criminals? Yeah right! The traffic police are salivating at the prospect of using them already.

    June 14, 2012 at 9:10 am | Report abuse |
  10. IndyNC

    While I support public safety, at the same time there are some expectations of privacy in this nation still.
    I have no issue with a drone being used in search and rescue operations, or in the case of a manhunt etc.
    I can see where drones would be cheaper and more effective than police helicopters etc.

    Yet, when it comes to law enforcement for motor vehicles, there seems (especially in this day and age) that much of it is done for funding. How many times have devices like new radar guns or traffic stop cameras been billed as Revenue creators for the city they are deployed in? I mean we joke about officers being behind on their "quota" when they are out in force, we deep down inside we know they have quotas on speeders etc.

    It's also not consistantly applied law – i.e. it's ok to go 10 mph over the speed limit (and you'll see officers doing it all the time) MOST the time... heck any traffic lawyer will tell you they can get a ticket dismissed if you where exceeding the speed limit by 9mph or less.

    June 14, 2012 at 9:19 am | Report abuse |
    • saywhat?

      where do you get privacy? there is no promise of it, not is it protected right....

      June 14, 2012 at 9:23 am | Report abuse |
  11. Adam

    1. How much is this going to cost the American public?
    2. Speeding is not technically a "crime" per se
    3. It's kinda "big brother/New World Order" stuff isn't it?

    June 14, 2012 at 9:20 am | Report abuse |
  12. saywhat?

    Polls are worthless, cause people tend to lie. You cant put a number to it cause you just dont know how many lied...
    And the funny thing about this stupid poll, 67% are for drones to be used for locating criminals.....last time i checked, breaking the law(speeding) makes you a criminal....

    "Compare that with the approval ratings for other drone applications: illegal immigration (64%), rescue missions (80%) and locating criminals (67%)."

    June 14, 2012 at 9:22 am | Report abuse |
  13. JOSE0311USMC

    NO DRONES FLYING OVER U.S. NEIGHBORHOODS..POLICE WILL ABUSE IT.....ONLY MINORITIES NEIGHBORHOODS WILL BE SPY ON BY POLICE , I BET YOU.

    June 14, 2012 at 9:22 am | Report abuse |
  14. JOSE0311USMC

    THEY SHOULD USE THE DRONES ON BOTH BORDERS, NOT ON U.S. CITIES.. WHAT ARE POLICE GOING TO DO IF IF THEY SEE PEOPLE IN THEIR BACK YARD SMOKING POT ??? SEND COPS TO THEIR HOUSE ??? THAT IS WRONG.

    June 14, 2012 at 9:24 am | Report abuse |
  15. JWW

    The academics involved in this activity would be well served to clearly identify, for all of us , the relationship between population size and the ability to define and protect individual "privacy". At the present time, it seems that most Americans demand (a) "privacy" and (b) and the right to indiscriminately breed.
    On the surface, these two demands would eventually appear to be mutually exclusive..

    June 14, 2012 at 9:25 am | Report abuse |
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