July 23rd, 2012
05:04 PM ET

Do sanctions alter history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy?

The NCAA's actions on Monday seem to be about more than just punishing Penn State's future football teams for the school's role in the Jerry Sandusky scandal.

In addition to the fines, bans and other sanctions it handed down that will hurt the storied program for a long time, in some eyes, the NCAA has wiped out almost all of the success of teams under coach Joe Paterno starting the moment he learned about Jerry Sandusky's actions but didn't do anything about it.

"Obviously, the 1998 date was selected because that's when the first reported incidents of abuse occurred and that's when the failure to respond appropriately began," NCAA President Mark Emmert said during a news conference on Monday. "And that was the point of time from which one could make an argument, of course, that the failures began inside the institution, so it seemed to both me and the executive committee that that was the appropriate beginning date."

Emmert's message was clear: The NCAA was choosing to punish a culture of silence, a culture that protected the program above all moral obligations and those responsible for making it that way.

Vacating wins has long been a debate in all sports. And so there is no surprise that the NCAA's ruling on Monday sent the debate over the decision to vacate the wins into a tailspin. But it raised questions about the implications the sanctions will have on past and current players, Paterno's legacy and ultimately Penn State's place among the best football programs.

Some say you can erase the wins, but it is an empty punishment that does nothing to move the university forward and doesn't ultimately change the facts. Others say it is the best way to punish a school: by wiping out a massive chunk of its history.

ESPN analyst and lawyer Jay Bilas told CNN that while the Penn State situation is egregious, the NCAA failed in doling out the penalties to the right people.

He believes the NCAA hammered the institution but failed to really hit those he believes are responsible, including former President Graham Spanier, former Athletic Director Tim Curley, former Interim Senior Vice President for Business and Finance Gary Schultz and Paterno.

“All any of them had to do was communicate (the Sandusky reports) to someone else. And all of them chose to be silent,” he said. “That’s unforgivable and unconscionable. The suggestions or implication that the football culture made them abandon their human decency is kind of offensive. Football didn’t do that; that was done by four individuals in positions of authority that could not be counted upon to do the right.”

And the message sent by the NCAA and Penn State based on the consent decree, Bilas believes, is that the culture of football was at fault, and so that institution should be punished. But Bilas believes that message neglects to get at the really heart of the issue.

“Putting this off on football just glosses over the fact that individuals were at a fault here, and they are not being held to account,” he said.

Bilas said he understood the frustration and anger of current and former Penn State players who say that by punishing the institution, the NCAA was punishing them, too.

"Yes, Joe Paterno turned out to be a really bad person. But he won more games than any college coach in history. That’s a fact," Forbes writer Mike Ozanian wrote. "Barry Bonds holds both the all-time and single season home run records in baseball. That’s a fact. We might not like either fact. But we should also be treated as mature and adult enough to be able to discern on our own the difference between sports heroes and villains."

For the players on the affected Penn State teams, taking away those 112 games means they have essentially become collateral damage to the institution they so proudly represented on the field, when they probably had no idea what was happening off the field. The 2005 team will argue that its one-loss season and Orange Bowl win cannot be erased.

Who pays the price for sanctions? | What happens to Penn State football?

Others argue that the scars of their efforts still remain even if the win column looks different. Adam Taliaferro, a former player under Paterno, tweeted about a plate in his neck that is a lasting reminder of his spinal cord injury from playing at Penn State.

For them, the emotions and the sacrifices that they left on the field have been tainted. Former Penn State player Derek Moye says the vacating of victories ordered by the NCAA can't erase his memories of what he has been a part of.

Former Penn State player A. Q. Shipley tweeted a picture of rings he won at Penn State.

And former defensive end Devon Still tweeted a picture of a ring that was given out to players when Paterno passed the 400-win mark. No NCAA ruling will take that moment for him, he said.

Almost all of the former players note that their frustrations pale in comparison to those of the victims. But still, this sanction in particular stings deep for them. They believe they are paying the price for actions they did not commit.

Bilas said that is often the case when it comes to NCAA sanctions.

“The NCAA winds up more often than not sanctioning institutions rather than individuals,” said. “They’ve always punished into the future and the ones that are left behind. This is business as usual. It is always the current players that take the hit, the current coach that takes the hit.”

Bilas had hoped that sanctions would include show-cause orders for the top officials as a way to force Penn State to disassociate themselves with those involved at the highest levels.

A show-cause penalty has been used by the NCAA to punish coaches and officials before. It essentially puts penalties on them not just at their current jobs but also should they choose go elsewhere, often leaving them without a job at the college level.

In some ways, vacating the wins can be seen as the biggest slap in the face possible. It may in part be the least overall harmful sanction, but it may have the longest impact. In some ways, it forever alters the history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy as a whole.

“I think it's pretty clear that this was about dismantling a football program that the NCAA executive committee and board felt had gotten too big,” Bilas said. “That conclusion is inescapable. They wouldn’t have involved itself but for the fact that football was omnipotent and revered to that level.”

Paterno, as the most visible and symbolic figure of the institution, has perhaps been hit the hardest. On top of Penn State removing the statue of the man who defined the program for years, the move of vacating wins dethrones the Happy Valley hero from the title he clung to most: the winningest coach in college football. He achieved it during his last game, and many close to him said that goal was what he was holding on to as he coached into his later years.

Vacating the wins may be the least overall harmful sanction, but it may have the longest impact. In some ways, it forever alters the history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy as a whole.

Photos: Final tributes, Paterno statue removed

The NCAA's move sent Paterno from the top of the heap with the most wins down to 12th all-time and fifth for Division I schools.

Paterno's family issued a statement saying that they feel the coach has unfairly been defamed and now shamed without having the chance to defend himself.

"The release of the Freeh report has triggered an avalanche of vitriol, condemnation and posthumous punishment on Joe Paterno. The NCAA has now become the latest party to accept the report as the final word on the Sandusky scandal," the family said in a statement. "The sanctions announced by the NCAA today defame the legacy and contributions of a great coach and educator without any input from our family or those who knew him best."

Penn State review recasts story of football hero Paterno

Now, his friend Bobby Bowden sits at the top of the heap as the winningest coach.

And Bowden knows a thing or two about being in the midst of NCAA troubles. He had 12 wins vacated by the NCAA for the time he was coach at Florida State University relating to ineligible players and an academic scandal. With those wins, he would have been sitting atop Paterno for the most wins even before the NCAA sanctions.

Bowden said he remembers how upset he was having those wins taken away, but he acknowledges that a much more horrible situation occurred at Penn State than just academics or player issues.

"I'm not rejoicing," Bowden told CNN.

The coach said he was truly surprised at the extent of the measures taken by the NCAA.

"I guess they felt that with the extent of what happened with Sandusky and the way it was handled," those measures were appropriate, he said. "I didn't expect them to take that many away."

The vacating of all of those wins does not just have an effect on what we will say about Paterno. It also largely shakes the standing and legacy of Penn State in the history books, which now is no longer one of the Top 10 winningest football programs of all time.

Penn State, however, unlike Paterno, has had the chance to give input and respond to the Freeh report. And the school is making a statement by saying it will not fight the view the NCAA has taken about previous inaction.

And ultimately, it has agreed to not challenge the NCAA's harsh perception of the past but also self-sanction the school's future and ultimately rewrite Paterno's entire legacy.

Paterno loyalists call NCAA sanctions excessive

soundoff (1,035 Responses)
  1. eleanor

    Get your facts right CNN. Bobby Bowden is NOT top of the heap as Winningest NCAA Coach, that honor goes to John Gagliardi, current head coach at St. John's (MN) followed by Eddie Robinson of Grambling State (LA). Bowden is third on the list.

    Just because your reporters/researchers may have never heard of either Gagliardi or Robinson doesn't mean they do not have career victories than Bowden. And Robinson's 408 victories were all at the same school.

    July 24, 2012 at 4:46 am | Report abuse |
  2. MSL58

    Instead of concentrating in football and sodomizong little boys, couldn't Penn State consider putting an emphasis on some other field, such as perhaps, maybe, possibly ACADEMICS?

    The question is not whether Penn State Football should be shut down, the questio is whether Penn State itself should be shut down.

    July 24, 2012 at 4:53 am | Report abuse |
  3. Wes Horn

    Jerry Sandusky deserves the death penalty, not the Penn State football program. All of those players were not involved. All the sactions to the program won't help the victims. Sandusky should pay with his life. His death should be the only saction handed down.

    July 24, 2012 at 4:54 am | Report abuse |
    • ch

      the players have the right to move on, or are you trying to say no one would want any of the athletes? You seem to sell the kids short

      July 24, 2012 at 6:01 am | Report abuse |
  4. tcaros

    No matter what those years will always be remembered as the years that sick coach Paterno covered up for his buddy, and first draft pick Sandusky the shower perv.

    July 24, 2012 at 5:55 am | Report abuse |
  5. whattime

    When will the king and queen of yellow journalism, TMZ & CNN, Admit the truth that they destroyed an old man, JoePa, to protect their g-a-y support Agenda (did not their poster boy Anderson just proudly proclaim he is a Rump Ranger)? .  They wanted to divert attention from Rump Ranger Sandusky because they worship the culture that lusts for little Boys, sick Pervs. 

    July 24, 2012 at 6:14 am | Report abuse |
    • Giant Bushy Mustache

      your crazy. Gay has nothing to do with this story.

      July 24, 2012 at 7:25 am | Report abuse |
  6. Jonline

    Penn Staters need to grow up. I am not a religious person but do believe in false gods/leaders- Paterno was clearly a false god. You cannot sit there and whine and complain about your football team without realizing every letter of every word of every sentence is a stab against your school itself. Penn State will never recover its reputation. Period. It will not even begin to try so long as you are debating Paterno.

    July 24, 2012 at 6:15 am | Report abuse |
    • ol cranky

      thank you

      the whining from PSU students and alumni about this is beyond ridiculous. This sanction is purely symbolic and, as they note, they still have their memories, their rings, their newspaper cuttings & their pictures of these moments so why the heck are they complaining about this?!? Every bit of the "well the win happened, I have my ring to prove it" and the poor JoePa has been defamed complaints provides a clear example of everything that was wrong (and is still wrong) with the culture of PSU under Paterno (who was the most powerful person, more powerful than the board of trustees, at PSU).

      July 24, 2012 at 6:48 am | Report abuse |
  7. Josh

    "The NCAA was choosing to punish a culture of silence, a culture that protected the program above all moral obligations and those responsible for making it that way."

    Yep, that hit it right on the head. Very well said.

    July 24, 2012 at 6:53 am | Report abuse |
  8. Harry

    No, the sanctions do not alter Paterno's legacy, Paterno enabling a child molester and Penn State agreeing alter the legacy of Paterno and the image of the school.

    July 24, 2012 at 6:55 am | Report abuse |
  9. Josh

    "Joe Paterno turned out to be a really bad person..."

    Exactly right. You summarized Joe quite well.

    July 24, 2012 at 7:02 am | Report abuse |
  10. a1ed

    Headline asks if sanctions alter Paterno legacy. Paterno's ultimate legacy was sealed when he decided to enable the abuse occurring under HIS watch rather than stepping up, being a man, and putting a stop to it. Paterno's legacy is shame. One player said that it's not fair to judge the program because of the actions of one person, but this is not just about Sandusky. This is about the group who surrounded Sandusky with a wall that shielded his actions from being brought to the public attention. The unfortunate results of these sanctions is many people are going to be negatively impacted, yet had nothing to do with this. However, the NCAA is not to blame. Blame the people responsible, Sandusky, the officials at Penn State who covered this up, and Joe Paterno for being the man in charge, in a position to effect change.

    July 24, 2012 at 7:15 am | Report abuse |
  11. Argle Bargle

    The NCAA should be abolished.

    July 24, 2012 at 7:20 am | Report abuse |
  12. Giant Bushy Mustache

    Football is a good ole boys club....sooner its gone the better.. Education is the name of the game. Time for PSU to forget football and concentrate on making good scientist and engineers.

    July 24, 2012 at 7:26 am | Report abuse |
  13. cog in the wheel

    A terrible situation. I'd glad I didn't have to determine punishment, 'cause no matter what the NCAA did it would harm someone innocent of any crime. All those who depend on Penn State football will be hurt. It's a shame the achievements of the Penn State players have been removed from the record books. Sandusky was the real criminal, but the punishment for his crimes is landing on thousands of others who knew nothing about his actions.

    July 24, 2012 at 7:28 am | Report abuse |
  14. Giant Bushy Mustache

    Close the school down. High paid adminstrators let this happen. time for all of them to get the boot. Clos PSU down for good. Teach the college world a lesson.

    July 24, 2012 at 7:28 am | Report abuse |
  15. talamore1948

    What paterno did was immoral. They need to melt his statue down.

    July 24, 2012 at 7:29 am | Report abuse |
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