July 23rd, 2012
05:04 PM ET

Do sanctions alter history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy?

The NCAA's actions on Monday seem to be about more than just punishing Penn State's future football teams for the school's role in the Jerry Sandusky scandal.

In addition to the fines, bans and other sanctions it handed down that will hurt the storied program for a long time, in some eyes, the NCAA has wiped out almost all of the success of teams under coach Joe Paterno starting the moment he learned about Jerry Sandusky's actions but didn't do anything about it.

"Obviously, the 1998 date was selected because that's when the first reported incidents of abuse occurred and that's when the failure to respond appropriately began," NCAA President Mark Emmert said during a news conference on Monday. "And that was the point of time from which one could make an argument, of course, that the failures began inside the institution, so it seemed to both me and the executive committee that that was the appropriate beginning date."

Emmert's message was clear: The NCAA was choosing to punish a culture of silence, a culture that protected the program above all moral obligations and those responsible for making it that way.

Vacating wins has long been a debate in all sports. And so there is no surprise that the NCAA's ruling on Monday sent the debate over the decision to vacate the wins into a tailspin. But it raised questions about the implications the sanctions will have on past and current players, Paterno's legacy and ultimately Penn State's place among the best football programs.

Some say you can erase the wins, but it is an empty punishment that does nothing to move the university forward and doesn't ultimately change the facts. Others say it is the best way to punish a school: by wiping out a massive chunk of its history.

ESPN analyst and lawyer Jay Bilas told CNN that while the Penn State situation is egregious, the NCAA failed in doling out the penalties to the right people.

He believes the NCAA hammered the institution but failed to really hit those he believes are responsible, including former President Graham Spanier, former Athletic Director Tim Curley, former Interim Senior Vice President for Business and Finance Gary Schultz and Paterno.

“All any of them had to do was communicate (the Sandusky reports) to someone else. And all of them chose to be silent,” he said. “That’s unforgivable and unconscionable. The suggestions or implication that the football culture made them abandon their human decency is kind of offensive. Football didn’t do that; that was done by four individuals in positions of authority that could not be counted upon to do the right.”

And the message sent by the NCAA and Penn State based on the consent decree, Bilas believes, is that the culture of football was at fault, and so that institution should be punished. But Bilas believes that message neglects to get at the really heart of the issue.

“Putting this off on football just glosses over the fact that individuals were at a fault here, and they are not being held to account,” he said.

Bilas said he understood the frustration and anger of current and former Penn State players who say that by punishing the institution, the NCAA was punishing them, too.

"Yes, Joe Paterno turned out to be a really bad person. But he won more games than any college coach in history. That’s a fact," Forbes writer Mike Ozanian wrote. "Barry Bonds holds both the all-time and single season home run records in baseball. That’s a fact. We might not like either fact. But we should also be treated as mature and adult enough to be able to discern on our own the difference between sports heroes and villains."

For the players on the affected Penn State teams, taking away those 112 games means they have essentially become collateral damage to the institution they so proudly represented on the field, when they probably had no idea what was happening off the field. The 2005 team will argue that its one-loss season and Orange Bowl win cannot be erased.

Who pays the price for sanctions? | What happens to Penn State football?

Others argue that the scars of their efforts still remain even if the win column looks different. Adam Taliaferro, a former player under Paterno, tweeted about a plate in his neck that is a lasting reminder of his spinal cord injury from playing at Penn State.

For them, the emotions and the sacrifices that they left on the field have been tainted. Former Penn State player Derek Moye says the vacating of victories ordered by the NCAA can't erase his memories of what he has been a part of.

Former Penn State player A. Q. Shipley tweeted a picture of rings he won at Penn State.

And former defensive end Devon Still tweeted a picture of a ring that was given out to players when Paterno passed the 400-win mark. No NCAA ruling will take that moment for him, he said.

Almost all of the former players note that their frustrations pale in comparison to those of the victims. But still, this sanction in particular stings deep for them. They believe they are paying the price for actions they did not commit.

Bilas said that is often the case when it comes to NCAA sanctions.

“The NCAA winds up more often than not sanctioning institutions rather than individuals,” said. “They’ve always punished into the future and the ones that are left behind. This is business as usual. It is always the current players that take the hit, the current coach that takes the hit.”

Bilas had hoped that sanctions would include show-cause orders for the top officials as a way to force Penn State to disassociate themselves with those involved at the highest levels.

A show-cause penalty has been used by the NCAA to punish coaches and officials before. It essentially puts penalties on them not just at their current jobs but also should they choose go elsewhere, often leaving them without a job at the college level.

In some ways, vacating the wins can be seen as the biggest slap in the face possible. It may in part be the least overall harmful sanction, but it may have the longest impact. In some ways, it forever alters the history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy as a whole.

“I think it's pretty clear that this was about dismantling a football program that the NCAA executive committee and board felt had gotten too big,” Bilas said. “That conclusion is inescapable. They wouldn’t have involved itself but for the fact that football was omnipotent and revered to that level.”

Paterno, as the most visible and symbolic figure of the institution, has perhaps been hit the hardest. On top of Penn State removing the statue of the man who defined the program for years, the move of vacating wins dethrones the Happy Valley hero from the title he clung to most: the winningest coach in college football. He achieved it during his last game, and many close to him said that goal was what he was holding on to as he coached into his later years.

Vacating the wins may be the least overall harmful sanction, but it may have the longest impact. In some ways, it forever alters the history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy as a whole.

Photos: Final tributes, Paterno statue removed

The NCAA's move sent Paterno from the top of the heap with the most wins down to 12th all-time and fifth for Division I schools.

Paterno's family issued a statement saying that they feel the coach has unfairly been defamed and now shamed without having the chance to defend himself.

"The release of the Freeh report has triggered an avalanche of vitriol, condemnation and posthumous punishment on Joe Paterno. The NCAA has now become the latest party to accept the report as the final word on the Sandusky scandal," the family said in a statement. "The sanctions announced by the NCAA today defame the legacy and contributions of a great coach and educator without any input from our family or those who knew him best."

Penn State review recasts story of football hero Paterno

Now, his friend Bobby Bowden sits at the top of the heap as the winningest coach.

And Bowden knows a thing or two about being in the midst of NCAA troubles. He had 12 wins vacated by the NCAA for the time he was coach at Florida State University relating to ineligible players and an academic scandal. With those wins, he would have been sitting atop Paterno for the most wins even before the NCAA sanctions.

Bowden said he remembers how upset he was having those wins taken away, but he acknowledges that a much more horrible situation occurred at Penn State than just academics or player issues.

"I'm not rejoicing," Bowden told CNN.

The coach said he was truly surprised at the extent of the measures taken by the NCAA.

"I guess they felt that with the extent of what happened with Sandusky and the way it was handled," those measures were appropriate, he said. "I didn't expect them to take that many away."

The vacating of all of those wins does not just have an effect on what we will say about Paterno. It also largely shakes the standing and legacy of Penn State in the history books, which now is no longer one of the Top 10 winningest football programs of all time.

Penn State, however, unlike Paterno, has had the chance to give input and respond to the Freeh report. And the school is making a statement by saying it will not fight the view the NCAA has taken about previous inaction.

And ultimately, it has agreed to not challenge the NCAA's harsh perception of the past but also self-sanction the school's future and ultimately rewrite Paterno's entire legacy.

Paterno loyalists call NCAA sanctions excessive

soundoff (1,035 Responses)
  1. well now

    the catholic church weas far worse as the coverups were in writings, the pope demanded the cover ups. They should lose tax exempt status and be denied all grant money

    July 24, 2012 at 12:18 pm | Report abuse |
    • Terry

      As with students you can't punish the conregation for the crimes of the priests. However, the violators and coverupers should be held accountable. If that goes to the pope, he can report to trial or not be allowed in the country. I love how the say it was said in the confessional, but part of the pentance should be turn yourself in. If not and they want to deal with it the priest should be removed to a moistary and put to hard labor for life, it that priest is ever found walking around he goes to jail.

      July 24, 2012 at 12:29 pm | Report abuse |
  2. bluedogboy

    Way to go NCAA.....

    You just killed the football program as well as the economy of the university and the surrounding communities. Football attendance will be down. Enrollment in the univeristy will be down. Local businesses will be shuttered. Real Estate values will sink even lower.

    Sandusky's victims aren't the only innocent ones. Happy Valley will look like Haiti in a few years.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:18 pm | Report abuse |
  3. Terry

    The NCAA should have required everyone envolved to step down, report to the police, provide all the information they have, admit to the cover up, wave their rigth to a jury trial and accept their punishment. Otherwise all sports at Penn State are done. They have demonstrated that they put athletics ahead of kids and education (the primary job of universities, they are not the minor leagues for the NBA or NFL). Everyone there keeps their scholarships until they graduate, not the students fault, This country puts to much improtance on athletics. Nothing against it, but it you want to do a sport you do it outside of school (high school, jr high, college, etc).

    July 24, 2012 at 12:19 pm | Report abuse |
  4. Stephany

    Everybody is so upset about the slap on the wrist the school got. Who cares about the abused children??? Sports is right behind money as god in this country. It doesn't matter whose life is destroyed as long as the team wins the game. Everyone who covered it up is guilty, the team should be suspended forever.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:19 pm | Report abuse |
  5. Joe

    Penn State is yesterday's news. Punishments have been levied, and the university has accepted them. No need for more investigation, or debate. Move on.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:20 pm | Report abuse |
  6. Name*Milton phelps

    Do it right and it will be right for a long time I do hope u have to up hold the principal and value of Penn state

    July 24, 2012 at 12:20 pm | Report abuse |
  7. Luke

    Since Tom Corbett did nothing about this when he was attorney general of the state -
    can we please vacate him as Governor of Pennsylvania, please?

    July 24, 2012 at 12:20 pm | Report abuse |
    • Melinda

      Yes, please.

      July 24, 2012 at 12:39 pm | Report abuse |
  8. Shannon

    Sandusky is alive to see it happen, but I wonder if he feels any shame? It seems like it's easy to rip Paterno to pieces because he's dead – what would happen if he were still alive?

    July 24, 2012 at 12:20 pm | Report abuse |
    • JayneQP

      After the trial that convicted the monster, I think Paterno would likely have to rethink his position... I believe he would be forced to publically apologize. Whether or not that would have been a genuine apology...well, it's all moot now, isn't it. He lived a hero and died a coward. in the end, he knew he had nothing to live for.

      July 24, 2012 at 12:27 pm | Report abuse |
    • steve

      If Paterno were alive, he would be forced to apologize and kiss the dollar signs on Emmert's shoes.

      July 24, 2012 at 12:35 pm | Report abuse |
  9. KeyWester

    Something punitive was required, but the sad thing is that the way this was done, there are a lot of people who didn't do anything wrong who are being penalized and may lose out on football careers or have their reputations/records questioned just because they went to the school.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:20 pm | Report abuse |
  10. John

    The only people being punished by vacating the wins are those people who still think Paterno and his football team were important. In other words, it is not innocents being punished, but people with messed up priorites. Overall I think the NCAA sanctions are about right.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:21 pm | Report abuse |
    • budgie girl

      really well stated.
      sorry it upsets people, but get your priorities together!

      July 24, 2012 at 12:32 pm | Report abuse |
  11. let's end it once and for all

    shut down the catholic church,, the biggest cover up of abuse to children

    July 24, 2012 at 12:21 pm | Report abuse |
  12. LBLFM

    Taking away "wins" is pointless. Negates the efforts of players before and after those games. I agree with all the other sanctions but that one is stupid.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:22 pm | Report abuse |
  13. tmc

    If only we could hold politicans & corporations and GOVERNMENT to the same kind of hard justice and scrutiny...
    Justice for one is not justice for all... and if you believe that pledge of allegiance, I've got a bridge to sell you..
    This is regardless of which side you're on, let's get the rest of the corrupt world to pay the piper as well... it would make all you proud PSU people feel a little better...

    July 24, 2012 at 12:24 pm | Report abuse |
  14. bill

    Football sucks. Basketball is better. :)

    July 24, 2012 at 12:24 pm | Report abuse |
  15. NCAA is a joke

    I understand what they are trying to accomplish, but the games were played, there was a win or loss for PennSt. None of the players who played the games had anything to do with a cover up or what Sandusky did. Perfect example of punishing everyone in an attempt to punish a few. NCAA should have levied a larger financial penalty alone – that's what coaches and administrators understand....and it doesn't punish the players.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:24 pm | Report abuse |
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