July 23rd, 2012
05:04 PM ET

Do sanctions alter history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy?

The NCAA's actions on Monday seem to be about more than just punishing Penn State's future football teams for the school's role in the Jerry Sandusky scandal.

In addition to the fines, bans and other sanctions it handed down that will hurt the storied program for a long time, in some eyes, the NCAA has wiped out almost all of the success of teams under coach Joe Paterno starting the moment he learned about Jerry Sandusky's actions but didn't do anything about it.

"Obviously, the 1998 date was selected because that's when the first reported incidents of abuse occurred and that's when the failure to respond appropriately began," NCAA President Mark Emmert said during a news conference on Monday. "And that was the point of time from which one could make an argument, of course, that the failures began inside the institution, so it seemed to both me and the executive committee that that was the appropriate beginning date."

Emmert's message was clear: The NCAA was choosing to punish a culture of silence, a culture that protected the program above all moral obligations and those responsible for making it that way.

Vacating wins has long been a debate in all sports. And so there is no surprise that the NCAA's ruling on Monday sent the debate over the decision to vacate the wins into a tailspin. But it raised questions about the implications the sanctions will have on past and current players, Paterno's legacy and ultimately Penn State's place among the best football programs.

Some say you can erase the wins, but it is an empty punishment that does nothing to move the university forward and doesn't ultimately change the facts. Others say it is the best way to punish a school: by wiping out a massive chunk of its history.

ESPN analyst and lawyer Jay Bilas told CNN that while the Penn State situation is egregious, the NCAA failed in doling out the penalties to the right people.

He believes the NCAA hammered the institution but failed to really hit those he believes are responsible, including former President Graham Spanier, former Athletic Director Tim Curley, former Interim Senior Vice President for Business and Finance Gary Schultz and Paterno.

“All any of them had to do was communicate (the Sandusky reports) to someone else. And all of them chose to be silent,” he said. “That’s unforgivable and unconscionable. The suggestions or implication that the football culture made them abandon their human decency is kind of offensive. Football didn’t do that; that was done by four individuals in positions of authority that could not be counted upon to do the right.”

And the message sent by the NCAA and Penn State based on the consent decree, Bilas believes, is that the culture of football was at fault, and so that institution should be punished. But Bilas believes that message neglects to get at the really heart of the issue.

“Putting this off on football just glosses over the fact that individuals were at a fault here, and they are not being held to account,” he said.

Bilas said he understood the frustration and anger of current and former Penn State players who say that by punishing the institution, the NCAA was punishing them, too.

"Yes, Joe Paterno turned out to be a really bad person. But he won more games than any college coach in history. That’s a fact," Forbes writer Mike Ozanian wrote. "Barry Bonds holds both the all-time and single season home run records in baseball. That’s a fact. We might not like either fact. But we should also be treated as mature and adult enough to be able to discern on our own the difference between sports heroes and villains."

For the players on the affected Penn State teams, taking away those 112 games means they have essentially become collateral damage to the institution they so proudly represented on the field, when they probably had no idea what was happening off the field. The 2005 team will argue that its one-loss season and Orange Bowl win cannot be erased.

Who pays the price for sanctions? | What happens to Penn State football?

Others argue that the scars of their efforts still remain even if the win column looks different. Adam Taliaferro, a former player under Paterno, tweeted about a plate in his neck that is a lasting reminder of his spinal cord injury from playing at Penn State.

For them, the emotions and the sacrifices that they left on the field have been tainted. Former Penn State player Derek Moye says the vacating of victories ordered by the NCAA can't erase his memories of what he has been a part of.

Former Penn State player A. Q. Shipley tweeted a picture of rings he won at Penn State.

And former defensive end Devon Still tweeted a picture of a ring that was given out to players when Paterno passed the 400-win mark. No NCAA ruling will take that moment for him, he said.

Almost all of the former players note that their frustrations pale in comparison to those of the victims. But still, this sanction in particular stings deep for them. They believe they are paying the price for actions they did not commit.

Bilas said that is often the case when it comes to NCAA sanctions.

“The NCAA winds up more often than not sanctioning institutions rather than individuals,” said. “They’ve always punished into the future and the ones that are left behind. This is business as usual. It is always the current players that take the hit, the current coach that takes the hit.”

Bilas had hoped that sanctions would include show-cause orders for the top officials as a way to force Penn State to disassociate themselves with those involved at the highest levels.

A show-cause penalty has been used by the NCAA to punish coaches and officials before. It essentially puts penalties on them not just at their current jobs but also should they choose go elsewhere, often leaving them without a job at the college level.

In some ways, vacating the wins can be seen as the biggest slap in the face possible. It may in part be the least overall harmful sanction, but it may have the longest impact. In some ways, it forever alters the history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy as a whole.

“I think it's pretty clear that this was about dismantling a football program that the NCAA executive committee and board felt had gotten too big,” Bilas said. “That conclusion is inescapable. They wouldn’t have involved itself but for the fact that football was omnipotent and revered to that level.”

Paterno, as the most visible and symbolic figure of the institution, has perhaps been hit the hardest. On top of Penn State removing the statue of the man who defined the program for years, the move of vacating wins dethrones the Happy Valley hero from the title he clung to most: the winningest coach in college football. He achieved it during his last game, and many close to him said that goal was what he was holding on to as he coached into his later years.

Vacating the wins may be the least overall harmful sanction, but it may have the longest impact. In some ways, it forever alters the history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy as a whole.

Photos: Final tributes, Paterno statue removed

The NCAA's move sent Paterno from the top of the heap with the most wins down to 12th all-time and fifth for Division I schools.

Paterno's family issued a statement saying that they feel the coach has unfairly been defamed and now shamed without having the chance to defend himself.

"The release of the Freeh report has triggered an avalanche of vitriol, condemnation and posthumous punishment on Joe Paterno. The NCAA has now become the latest party to accept the report as the final word on the Sandusky scandal," the family said in a statement. "The sanctions announced by the NCAA today defame the legacy and contributions of a great coach and educator without any input from our family or those who knew him best."

Penn State review recasts story of football hero Paterno

Now, his friend Bobby Bowden sits at the top of the heap as the winningest coach.

And Bowden knows a thing or two about being in the midst of NCAA troubles. He had 12 wins vacated by the NCAA for the time he was coach at Florida State University relating to ineligible players and an academic scandal. With those wins, he would have been sitting atop Paterno for the most wins even before the NCAA sanctions.

Bowden said he remembers how upset he was having those wins taken away, but he acknowledges that a much more horrible situation occurred at Penn State than just academics or player issues.

"I'm not rejoicing," Bowden told CNN.

The coach said he was truly surprised at the extent of the measures taken by the NCAA.

"I guess they felt that with the extent of what happened with Sandusky and the way it was handled," those measures were appropriate, he said. "I didn't expect them to take that many away."

The vacating of all of those wins does not just have an effect on what we will say about Paterno. It also largely shakes the standing and legacy of Penn State in the history books, which now is no longer one of the Top 10 winningest football programs of all time.

Penn State, however, unlike Paterno, has had the chance to give input and respond to the Freeh report. And the school is making a statement by saying it will not fight the view the NCAA has taken about previous inaction.

And ultimately, it has agreed to not challenge the NCAA's harsh perception of the past but also self-sanction the school's future and ultimately rewrite Paterno's entire legacy.

Paterno loyalists call NCAA sanctions excessive

soundoff (1,035 Responses)
  1. GBAZ

    This whole ruling by the NCAA is wrong. I'm not a football fan. Not really a sports fan at all, really. But to punish the dedication of the players throughout the years because their coach was a wimp and a liar (by keeping his mouth shut is the same as not telling the truth because he didn't tell the truth by keeping his silence) is an outright slap in the face of those teams. Remove Paterno's name from everything if you wish. Better yet, just make sure the truth is always known about him and his good friend Sandusky. But give those players the honor that they practiced for, the sweat that dripped from their bodies and the sore muscles they developed because they cared enough about the school and yes, even for their coach and for never giving up until they won. Those team members' winnings were less about Paterno than about the abilities and the dedication of those players. The honor goes to them, not he overpaid, overhyped coaches.
    The NCAA should be ashamed of themselves.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:50 pm | Report abuse |
  2. Momma_Bear

    PSU is a cult.. They should have been hit with harsher sanctions!

    July 24, 2012 at 12:50 pm | Report abuse |
  3. terribadratings

    CNN Worst ratings in history. Keep up the liberal garbage spin – seems its working wonders for you and msnbc!

    July 24, 2012 at 12:51 pm | Report abuse |
  4. Eric J. Schultz

    The games have been played, won and lost – to try to take them off the record is silly. What are they going to do next, recalculate all the losers of the PSU wins into bowls games and potentially championships? Not defending Paterno in any way for what he did off the field – but his accomplishments on really have no bearing on the current situation.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:51 pm | Report abuse |
  5. ~~~

    they should have fined every dollar after he started hiding this tragedy.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:52 pm | Report abuse |
  6. Hoopoe

    The idea is to send a message to other schools which might put football (and other sports) before all else and cover up criminal or unethical behavior. If they learn anything from this tragedy it might save them from the same fate. At least that's the goal.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:52 pm | Report abuse |
    • GetReal

      Amen to that!

      July 24, 2012 at 1:01 pm | Report abuse |
  7. John

    The football program at Penn State is over and done. The sanctions which seem empty are very strategically placing the Penn State organization in a position from which they cannot recover. It will cost the University more to try and regain their status than is possible and efforts in the game arena will be pointless.

    This action is going to set the example for Universities across the nation and Penn State football will soon be nothing more than a page in a history book.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:53 pm | Report abuse |
    • scott

      No Penn State Football is not gone, Yes it is down right now, however Penn State is to nationally known and famous to have it go away, within in 7-10 years they will be back more humble, maybe but they will be back.

      July 24, 2012 at 1:02 pm | Report abuse |
  8. rosaclipper

    All of you are bemoaning the fact that wins were vacated. So what? What is at stake here are the lives of young boys who were tortured by a grown man, who knew that Paterno and the rest of Penn would stand behind him no matter what he did. I look at my boys and I would hope that if someone say them being hurt, they would put down any idea of what "legacy" would be destroyed, and help them. These boys were collateral damage that they attempted to bury. I don't think the punishment is harsh enough. They should have killed the program completely.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:55 pm | Report abuse |
  9. Aaron

    Paterno's legacy should be ruined... However the NCAA is punishing thousands of people (alumni, students, fans, players) for a callous mistake in judgement made by a few individuals including Paterno. But what did all these other people do that was wrong?

    July 24, 2012 at 12:55 pm | Report abuse |
    • awasis666

      What they did wrong was pick PSU.

      July 24, 2012 at 12:59 pm | Report abuse |
  10. Saji

    Just let this freakin story die already.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:55 pm | Report abuse |
  11. TOM

    Yet again - another knee-jerk reaction by an organization that thought they would look bad if chose to do nothing. I would REALLY like to see if the 60 million in fines really does go to help abused kids or if someone in the NCAA is slicking their own pockets. Show us the accounting for the cash flow. NCAA, our useless governor, and politicians - all the same types of people !!!!!!

    July 24, 2012 at 12:55 pm | Report abuse |
  12. mark

    the players will always have the wins/losses to remember. so will the Fans. However, what this does is take away bragging rights. And that in any mancave argument is pretty punishing. PSU fans can no longer say, ".....we are #_ in ...." You can bland Freeh and Sandunsky all you want for tarnishing PSU's history, etc., but in the end, Paterno had the chance to do the right thing and he buckled. By the way, if you think this was the only Divisioin One program that has had this happen and swept under the rug, buckle up, it is going to be a bumpy ride. Clean house now, if you know what is good for you.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:56 pm | Report abuse |
  13. jayg123

    I wonder how long it will take the abuse victims to erase the memory of what was done to them. Who cares about the legacy of Paterno of the Penn State Football Team?

    July 24, 2012 at 12:56 pm | Report abuse |
  14. Indiana Joe

    Boy are some of you missing the whole point. Joe Pa failed to do the minimum expected of any person, much less someone in his position. FAILED COMPLETELY. How can anyone feel sorry for him? Save that for the children. But Joe failed more then the children, he failed his players, his school, his profession and most of all himself. I had a lot of respect for him as a coach and person. No longer. He is getting what he deserves. He did less that the minimum expected and is paying the price.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:56 pm | Report abuse |
  15. pconnerdog

    In 20 years, yes, the legacy will be lost to time for Paterno. I think Penn State will continue to have a big time program and after the dust settles will again become a power house. We love redemption in this country, and the crimes were not committed by football itself but by a group of individual that wanted to shield the world from their shame and horrible acts committed by a you know what. Football will remain because we love football in America. It's a black eye, but black eyes heal in time.

    July 24, 2012 at 12:59 pm | Report abuse |
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