July 23rd, 2012
05:04 PM ET

Do sanctions alter history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy?

The NCAA's actions on Monday seem to be about more than just punishing Penn State's future football teams for the school's role in the Jerry Sandusky scandal.

In addition to the fines, bans and other sanctions it handed down that will hurt the storied program for a long time, in some eyes, the NCAA has wiped out almost all of the success of teams under coach Joe Paterno starting the moment he learned about Jerry Sandusky's actions but didn't do anything about it.

"Obviously, the 1998 date was selected because that's when the first reported incidents of abuse occurred and that's when the failure to respond appropriately began," NCAA President Mark Emmert said during a news conference on Monday. "And that was the point of time from which one could make an argument, of course, that the failures began inside the institution, so it seemed to both me and the executive committee that that was the appropriate beginning date."

Emmert's message was clear: The NCAA was choosing to punish a culture of silence, a culture that protected the program above all moral obligations and those responsible for making it that way.

Vacating wins has long been a debate in all sports. And so there is no surprise that the NCAA's ruling on Monday sent the debate over the decision to vacate the wins into a tailspin. But it raised questions about the implications the sanctions will have on past and current players, Paterno's legacy and ultimately Penn State's place among the best football programs.

Some say you can erase the wins, but it is an empty punishment that does nothing to move the university forward and doesn't ultimately change the facts. Others say it is the best way to punish a school: by wiping out a massive chunk of its history.

ESPN analyst and lawyer Jay Bilas told CNN that while the Penn State situation is egregious, the NCAA failed in doling out the penalties to the right people.

He believes the NCAA hammered the institution but failed to really hit those he believes are responsible, including former President Graham Spanier, former Athletic Director Tim Curley, former Interim Senior Vice President for Business and Finance Gary Schultz and Paterno.

“All any of them had to do was communicate (the Sandusky reports) to someone else. And all of them chose to be silent,” he said. “That’s unforgivable and unconscionable. The suggestions or implication that the football culture made them abandon their human decency is kind of offensive. Football didn’t do that; that was done by four individuals in positions of authority that could not be counted upon to do the right.”

And the message sent by the NCAA and Penn State based on the consent decree, Bilas believes, is that the culture of football was at fault, and so that institution should be punished. But Bilas believes that message neglects to get at the really heart of the issue.

“Putting this off on football just glosses over the fact that individuals were at a fault here, and they are not being held to account,” he said.

Bilas said he understood the frustration and anger of current and former Penn State players who say that by punishing the institution, the NCAA was punishing them, too.

"Yes, Joe Paterno turned out to be a really bad person. But he won more games than any college coach in history. That’s a fact," Forbes writer Mike Ozanian wrote. "Barry Bonds holds both the all-time and single season home run records in baseball. That’s a fact. We might not like either fact. But we should also be treated as mature and adult enough to be able to discern on our own the difference between sports heroes and villains."

For the players on the affected Penn State teams, taking away those 112 games means they have essentially become collateral damage to the institution they so proudly represented on the field, when they probably had no idea what was happening off the field. The 2005 team will argue that its one-loss season and Orange Bowl win cannot be erased.

Who pays the price for sanctions? | What happens to Penn State football?

Others argue that the scars of their efforts still remain even if the win column looks different. Adam Taliaferro, a former player under Paterno, tweeted about a plate in his neck that is a lasting reminder of his spinal cord injury from playing at Penn State.

For them, the emotions and the sacrifices that they left on the field have been tainted. Former Penn State player Derek Moye says the vacating of victories ordered by the NCAA can't erase his memories of what he has been a part of.

Former Penn State player A. Q. Shipley tweeted a picture of rings he won at Penn State.

And former defensive end Devon Still tweeted a picture of a ring that was given out to players when Paterno passed the 400-win mark. No NCAA ruling will take that moment for him, he said.

Almost all of the former players note that their frustrations pale in comparison to those of the victims. But still, this sanction in particular stings deep for them. They believe they are paying the price for actions they did not commit.

Bilas said that is often the case when it comes to NCAA sanctions.

“The NCAA winds up more often than not sanctioning institutions rather than individuals,” said. “They’ve always punished into the future and the ones that are left behind. This is business as usual. It is always the current players that take the hit, the current coach that takes the hit.”

Bilas had hoped that sanctions would include show-cause orders for the top officials as a way to force Penn State to disassociate themselves with those involved at the highest levels.

A show-cause penalty has been used by the NCAA to punish coaches and officials before. It essentially puts penalties on them not just at their current jobs but also should they choose go elsewhere, often leaving them without a job at the college level.

In some ways, vacating the wins can be seen as the biggest slap in the face possible. It may in part be the least overall harmful sanction, but it may have the longest impact. In some ways, it forever alters the history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy as a whole.

“I think it's pretty clear that this was about dismantling a football program that the NCAA executive committee and board felt had gotten too big,” Bilas said. “That conclusion is inescapable. They wouldn’t have involved itself but for the fact that football was omnipotent and revered to that level.”

Paterno, as the most visible and symbolic figure of the institution, has perhaps been hit the hardest. On top of Penn State removing the statue of the man who defined the program for years, the move of vacating wins dethrones the Happy Valley hero from the title he clung to most: the winningest coach in college football. He achieved it during his last game, and many close to him said that goal was what he was holding on to as he coached into his later years.

Vacating the wins may be the least overall harmful sanction, but it may have the longest impact. In some ways, it forever alters the history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy as a whole.

Photos: Final tributes, Paterno statue removed

The NCAA's move sent Paterno from the top of the heap with the most wins down to 12th all-time and fifth for Division I schools.

Paterno's family issued a statement saying that they feel the coach has unfairly been defamed and now shamed without having the chance to defend himself.

"The release of the Freeh report has triggered an avalanche of vitriol, condemnation and posthumous punishment on Joe Paterno. The NCAA has now become the latest party to accept the report as the final word on the Sandusky scandal," the family said in a statement. "The sanctions announced by the NCAA today defame the legacy and contributions of a great coach and educator without any input from our family or those who knew him best."

Penn State review recasts story of football hero Paterno

Now, his friend Bobby Bowden sits at the top of the heap as the winningest coach.

And Bowden knows a thing or two about being in the midst of NCAA troubles. He had 12 wins vacated by the NCAA for the time he was coach at Florida State University relating to ineligible players and an academic scandal. With those wins, he would have been sitting atop Paterno for the most wins even before the NCAA sanctions.

Bowden said he remembers how upset he was having those wins taken away, but he acknowledges that a much more horrible situation occurred at Penn State than just academics or player issues.

"I'm not rejoicing," Bowden told CNN.

The coach said he was truly surprised at the extent of the measures taken by the NCAA.

"I guess they felt that with the extent of what happened with Sandusky and the way it was handled," those measures were appropriate, he said. "I didn't expect them to take that many away."

The vacating of all of those wins does not just have an effect on what we will say about Paterno. It also largely shakes the standing and legacy of Penn State in the history books, which now is no longer one of the Top 10 winningest football programs of all time.

Penn State, however, unlike Paterno, has had the chance to give input and respond to the Freeh report. And the school is making a statement by saying it will not fight the view the NCAA has taken about previous inaction.

And ultimately, it has agreed to not challenge the NCAA's harsh perception of the past but also self-sanction the school's future and ultimately rewrite Paterno's entire legacy.

Paterno loyalists call NCAA sanctions excessive

soundoff (1,035 Responses)
  1. Dan586

    Joe Paterno deserves to burn in H E L L

    July 24, 2012 at 1:21 pm | Report abuse |
  2. John

    If Paterno was still alive he would be facing future jail time for his role in the cover up. Look at this case in Philadelphia where Msgr. Lynn was sentenced to 3-6 yrs in church cover-up.

    July 24, 2012 at 1:21 pm | Report abuse |
  3. dallas123

    To all those ex/current penn stage players, you knew about the abuse and kept your mouth sgut & did nothing. So keep the mouth shut & don't complain now. You didn't open your voice when needed.

    July 24, 2012 at 1:21 pm | Report abuse |
  4. MightyMoo

    They can take the wins off the record books but for all the students who participated in those wins they'll never take away their victories. Inspite of Paterno's failings he still won those games and he's still number one even if the record books are now changed. Until another coach steps up and wins more games then Paterno did in his life time, Paterno is still the winningest coach. Especially for the students he coached through those games.

    July 24, 2012 at 1:22 pm | Report abuse |
  5. Andy

    You know who else liked removing things from history. Non other than the other Joe, Stalin. We live in some strange times.

    July 24, 2012 at 1:23 pm | Report abuse |
  6. truthordare7

    Taking away the wins for something that is not related to football is a little excessive because it effects players who had nothing to do with this and who have put their heart and soul into this game, and quite rightly are not too happy about it. The perpetuators were all either put in jail, going to be put in jail, or dead. We got the right guys. We have punished the school sufficiently with never before heard of sanctions and monetary compensations for the victims. I don't agree with it at all. I barely watch football but that was not necessary. NCAA should punish itself for allowing such a culture to develop then. Ban yourself for 2 whole years with no football to show your remorse. I mean if you are going to blame anybody close by, then we should blame the whole football organization while we are at it.

    July 24, 2012 at 1:23 pm | Report abuse |
  7. Dennis

    Joe Paterno reported it to his superiors the next day after the younger undergrad reported it to him. The author of this article states that Paterno "but never did anything about it." There is a reason Paterno was not investigated any further. He did what was required by law.
    Look at the police officers in the Rodney King/LA riots case. The officers in charge were punished, and the ones following orders given by the leaders where not. Paterno reported, the leaders of the school did not

    July 24, 2012 at 1:23 pm | Report abuse |
    • mbdjr44

      Maybe you didn't read the Freeh report that states Paterno was directly involved in the cover up and if alive SHOULD face criminal charges.

      July 24, 2012 at 1:28 pm | Report abuse |
  8. Mark

    Is anyone else getting tired of the Paterno family and their knee jerk reaction to each issue raised? It sucks, but your husband/father/grandpa was a tyrant. He essentially ran the university, and they did whatever he said. When you are in that position, there is no saying "Hey, I reported it". PSU would have done whatever Joe said, and obviously that was "bury it".

    July 24, 2012 at 1:24 pm | Report abuse |
    • Dennis

      Then why didn't the police investigate and file charges against Joe Paterno for "hiding" it like the Penn state leaders? Because he reported it. Any school has that chain of command. That the top of the command was morally weak was their own fault, not Joe Paterno's

      July 24, 2012 at 1:28 pm | Report abuse |
    • Dennis has no ethics

      Agreed Dennis, I believe in A chain of command as well. If I know your children are being r a p e d and I tell someone else, it's no longer my problem. I think you lack perspective, intelligence, and comman decency.

      July 24, 2012 at 1:33 pm | Report abuse |
    • Dennis

      He was only reporting what Mike McCreary saw. Why then is Mike McCreary not taking the same heat? Only because Paterno is famous.
      Mike McCreary reported the incident to Paterno, but he gets off easy? Why don't you want McCreary's head on a platter? Why was Paterno and McCreary cleared? How can investigators clear someone if they covered something up? Oh yeah, they didn't cover up anything, they reported.

      July 24, 2012 at 1:50 pm | Report abuse |
  9. PJ

    Joe Paterno- Chik-Fil-A's new "Image of Christian Values" as the Pope and His Boy Bonking Priests declined. They prefer the taste of Human Flesh, apparently...

    July 24, 2012 at 1:25 pm | Report abuse |
  10. Lyn

    They got off light. No amount of wins turned to losses will give back what those poor boys lost. Paterno turned a blind eye and got what he deserved. What a loser.

    July 24, 2012 at 1:26 pm | Report abuse |
  11. JFritz

    The "Greek" comments here show just why so many think Paterno should get a pass. He let kids get hurt and looked the other way. I'll bet the parents of those boys don't think Joe is much of a hero. Penn State needs to remember that it is more than an entertainment vehicle for its over-identified alumns. All that revenue? Get rid of the over-paid coaches, the over-paid administrators, and the handouts. There's more to life than football, PSUers.

    July 24, 2012 at 1:27 pm | Report abuse |
  12. dallas123

    To all those ex-penn state players who wants to show off their RING, keep that RING as a remider that you failed to support when those kids were being abused and did nothing. RING is the reminder for rest of your life as a Symbol of FAILURE.

    July 24, 2012 at 1:28 pm | Report abuse |
  13. Mr. Thanatos

    What kind of information did Sandusky have that so many powerful men would risk everything to cover for him? I bet Sandusky knows things about Joe Pa and Penn State football that would make SMU's penalty look like a jaywalking ticket.

    July 24, 2012 at 1:28 pm | Report abuse |
  14. Pathetic

    It's a shame that the former Nittany Lions players can't accept this with more grace. "Yeah, he was a pedophile enabler, but look at all these nice rings he got me!"

    Pathetic.

    July 24, 2012 at 1:28 pm | Report abuse |
  15. Dan586

    All these Joe Paterno fans and supporters that think football is more important should have let Sandusky hump on them naked in the showers and help out the football team.

    July 24, 2012 at 1:29 pm | Report abuse |
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