July 23rd, 2012
05:04 PM ET

Do sanctions alter history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy?

The NCAA's actions on Monday seem to be about more than just punishing Penn State's future football teams for the school's role in the Jerry Sandusky scandal.

In addition to the fines, bans and other sanctions it handed down that will hurt the storied program for a long time, in some eyes, the NCAA has wiped out almost all of the success of teams under coach Joe Paterno starting the moment he learned about Jerry Sandusky's actions but didn't do anything about it.

"Obviously, the 1998 date was selected because that's when the first reported incidents of abuse occurred and that's when the failure to respond appropriately began," NCAA President Mark Emmert said during a news conference on Monday. "And that was the point of time from which one could make an argument, of course, that the failures began inside the institution, so it seemed to both me and the executive committee that that was the appropriate beginning date."

Emmert's message was clear: The NCAA was choosing to punish a culture of silence, a culture that protected the program above all moral obligations and those responsible for making it that way.

Vacating wins has long been a debate in all sports. And so there is no surprise that the NCAA's ruling on Monday sent the debate over the decision to vacate the wins into a tailspin. But it raised questions about the implications the sanctions will have on past and current players, Paterno's legacy and ultimately Penn State's place among the best football programs.

Some say you can erase the wins, but it is an empty punishment that does nothing to move the university forward and doesn't ultimately change the facts. Others say it is the best way to punish a school: by wiping out a massive chunk of its history.

ESPN analyst and lawyer Jay Bilas told CNN that while the Penn State situation is egregious, the NCAA failed in doling out the penalties to the right people.

He believes the NCAA hammered the institution but failed to really hit those he believes are responsible, including former President Graham Spanier, former Athletic Director Tim Curley, former Interim Senior Vice President for Business and Finance Gary Schultz and Paterno.

“All any of them had to do was communicate (the Sandusky reports) to someone else. And all of them chose to be silent,” he said. “That’s unforgivable and unconscionable. The suggestions or implication that the football culture made them abandon their human decency is kind of offensive. Football didn’t do that; that was done by four individuals in positions of authority that could not be counted upon to do the right.”

And the message sent by the NCAA and Penn State based on the consent decree, Bilas believes, is that the culture of football was at fault, and so that institution should be punished. But Bilas believes that message neglects to get at the really heart of the issue.

“Putting this off on football just glosses over the fact that individuals were at a fault here, and they are not being held to account,” he said.

Bilas said he understood the frustration and anger of current and former Penn State players who say that by punishing the institution, the NCAA was punishing them, too.

"Yes, Joe Paterno turned out to be a really bad person. But he won more games than any college coach in history. That’s a fact," Forbes writer Mike Ozanian wrote. "Barry Bonds holds both the all-time and single season home run records in baseball. That’s a fact. We might not like either fact. But we should also be treated as mature and adult enough to be able to discern on our own the difference between sports heroes and villains."

For the players on the affected Penn State teams, taking away those 112 games means they have essentially become collateral damage to the institution they so proudly represented on the field, when they probably had no idea what was happening off the field. The 2005 team will argue that its one-loss season and Orange Bowl win cannot be erased.

Who pays the price for sanctions? | What happens to Penn State football?

Others argue that the scars of their efforts still remain even if the win column looks different. Adam Taliaferro, a former player under Paterno, tweeted about a plate in his neck that is a lasting reminder of his spinal cord injury from playing at Penn State.

For them, the emotions and the sacrifices that they left on the field have been tainted. Former Penn State player Derek Moye says the vacating of victories ordered by the NCAA can't erase his memories of what he has been a part of.

Former Penn State player A. Q. Shipley tweeted a picture of rings he won at Penn State.

And former defensive end Devon Still tweeted a picture of a ring that was given out to players when Paterno passed the 400-win mark. No NCAA ruling will take that moment for him, he said.

Almost all of the former players note that their frustrations pale in comparison to those of the victims. But still, this sanction in particular stings deep for them. They believe they are paying the price for actions they did not commit.

Bilas said that is often the case when it comes to NCAA sanctions.

“The NCAA winds up more often than not sanctioning institutions rather than individuals,” said. “They’ve always punished into the future and the ones that are left behind. This is business as usual. It is always the current players that take the hit, the current coach that takes the hit.”

Bilas had hoped that sanctions would include show-cause orders for the top officials as a way to force Penn State to disassociate themselves with those involved at the highest levels.

A show-cause penalty has been used by the NCAA to punish coaches and officials before. It essentially puts penalties on them not just at their current jobs but also should they choose go elsewhere, often leaving them without a job at the college level.

In some ways, vacating the wins can be seen as the biggest slap in the face possible. It may in part be the least overall harmful sanction, but it may have the longest impact. In some ways, it forever alters the history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy as a whole.

“I think it's pretty clear that this was about dismantling a football program that the NCAA executive committee and board felt had gotten too big,” Bilas said. “That conclusion is inescapable. They wouldn’t have involved itself but for the fact that football was omnipotent and revered to that level.”

Paterno, as the most visible and symbolic figure of the institution, has perhaps been hit the hardest. On top of Penn State removing the statue of the man who defined the program for years, the move of vacating wins dethrones the Happy Valley hero from the title he clung to most: the winningest coach in college football. He achieved it during his last game, and many close to him said that goal was what he was holding on to as he coached into his later years.

Vacating the wins may be the least overall harmful sanction, but it may have the longest impact. In some ways, it forever alters the history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy as a whole.

Photos: Final tributes, Paterno statue removed

The NCAA's move sent Paterno from the top of the heap with the most wins down to 12th all-time and fifth for Division I schools.

Paterno's family issued a statement saying that they feel the coach has unfairly been defamed and now shamed without having the chance to defend himself.

"The release of the Freeh report has triggered an avalanche of vitriol, condemnation and posthumous punishment on Joe Paterno. The NCAA has now become the latest party to accept the report as the final word on the Sandusky scandal," the family said in a statement. "The sanctions announced by the NCAA today defame the legacy and contributions of a great coach and educator without any input from our family or those who knew him best."

Penn State review recasts story of football hero Paterno

Now, his friend Bobby Bowden sits at the top of the heap as the winningest coach.

And Bowden knows a thing or two about being in the midst of NCAA troubles. He had 12 wins vacated by the NCAA for the time he was coach at Florida State University relating to ineligible players and an academic scandal. With those wins, he would have been sitting atop Paterno for the most wins even before the NCAA sanctions.

Bowden said he remembers how upset he was having those wins taken away, but he acknowledges that a much more horrible situation occurred at Penn State than just academics or player issues.

"I'm not rejoicing," Bowden told CNN.

The coach said he was truly surprised at the extent of the measures taken by the NCAA.

"I guess they felt that with the extent of what happened with Sandusky and the way it was handled," those measures were appropriate, he said. "I didn't expect them to take that many away."

The vacating of all of those wins does not just have an effect on what we will say about Paterno. It also largely shakes the standing and legacy of Penn State in the history books, which now is no longer one of the Top 10 winningest football programs of all time.

Penn State, however, unlike Paterno, has had the chance to give input and respond to the Freeh report. And the school is making a statement by saying it will not fight the view the NCAA has taken about previous inaction.

And ultimately, it has agreed to not challenge the NCAA's harsh perception of the past but also self-sanction the school's future and ultimately rewrite Paterno's entire legacy.

Paterno loyalists call NCAA sanctions excessive

soundoff (1,035 Responses)
  1. ChicagoMark

    They're still missing the point!... This is a FOOTBALL punishment, for something that is far beyond
    football!... THEY STILL DON'T GET!!!!!.... Everyone is upset about the football sanctions while
    forgetting about the young boys... WHAT ABOUT THOSE BOYS????!!!!

    July 24, 2012 at 2:06 pm | Report abuse | Reply
    • emmertdusky

      Many are no longer boys. That chapter is not finally written. Perhaps the NCAA should have consulted them and their families as well instead of using them in a different manner just like you are doing.

      July 24, 2012 at 2:21 pm | Report abuse |
  2. Stephany

    It is sad, but the culture of the school and team allowed this to happen and continue for how many years.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:06 pm | Report abuse | Reply
  3. katolungile

    You know all these Paterno and Penn State supporters are Obama voters... JoPa was a conservative at most coaches are b/c in sports, you have to earn your position.. There's no affirmative action as to who gets to play qb.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:07 pm | Report abuse | Reply
  4. Libdumb

    You can't erase what happened. Nazi Germany happened and you can't make it go away. Maybe not a good analogy but them are the facts Ma'am. The wins are the wins. This crime doesn't equal with taking away wins from a group of athletes.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:07 pm | Report abuse | Reply
  5. Brett

    BFD! Penn State got what was coming to them. Good riddance!

    July 24, 2012 at 2:07 pm | Report abuse | Reply
  6. RT

    When will America learn, in this case directly the NCAA, that we cant just rewrite the books to erase the stains of our past. The pain has been inflicted. The best any of us can do is first aknowledge the wrong, provide just compensation for those who suffered, and better enforce the rules already in place to ensure it doesnt happen again.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:07 pm | Report abuse | Reply
  7. MeanOldMan

    Trying to say that games didn't happen is just plain stupid. Players won those games thru hard work and skill and to have their legacy dumped because of Paterno is not fair. I tend to look at a coach much as I do a business manager. Yes they make a difference but in the end it is the players or employees that deliver the goods. Paternos reputation is trash and deservedly so but those players worked their butts off for those wins. You can't just say poof, those wins never happened.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:07 pm | Report abuse | Reply
    • Broadcasting

      MeanOldMan, let's not forget that those "players" also participated in a riot.

      July 24, 2012 at 2:14 pm | Report abuse |
    • JakeF

      Life isn't fair MeanOldMan.

      Get over it. This is how the NCAA punishes schools. Reggie Bush-USC? (four years after the fact)

      The argument that it will hurt those who had nothing to do with the cover-up is weak, at best. Penn State truly needed to have these types of sanctions.

      Furthermore, ANY PSU student currently on scholarship can keep that scholarship until they graduate. Isn't getting a degree the goal of attending college? Or in your deluded world does playing football trump education? Finally, any PSU football player can transfer immediately to any school and not have a waiting period to play, or lose any eligibility.

      The arrogance is still simply amazing.

      July 24, 2012 at 2:16 pm | Report abuse |
  8. jenny

    well atleast mcqeary left town, now if the paternos and thier good friends the sanduskys left also, it would be a start....with those familes gone maybe they would stop selling the kool-aid that paterno mixed up for these thousands of cult members....

    July 24, 2012 at 2:09 pm | Report abuse | Reply
  9. John

    "You can't just say poof, those wins never happened."

    Yes, apparently you can. Hundreds of wins have been vacated before this. It is not so uncommon. Don't like it? Don't watch NCAA.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:11 pm | Report abuse | Reply
    • Chad

      No sports fan is going to care if they are on the books are not. The games were played. Officially sticking your head in the sand changes nothing.

      July 24, 2012 at 2:18 pm | Report abuse |
  10. gordyb102

    He won a lot of football games and lost his reputation in the real world of life. The games mean nothing compared to the hurt and suffering endured by the victims.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:11 pm | Report abuse | Reply
  11. Dan586

    QUICK NOTE ! FOOTBALL IS NOT IMPORTANT !

    July 24, 2012 at 2:12 pm | Report abuse | Reply
    • emmertdusky

      Neither are you and using all caps won't change that.

      July 24, 2012 at 2:24 pm | Report abuse |
  12. Hooligan

    so they are going to punish over 900 former players for the act of one man?

    How does that even remotely make sense?

    July 24, 2012 at 2:12 pm | Report abuse | Reply
    • Broadcasting

      Hooligan, does raping little boys make sense? Does covering up for a rapist make sense?

      July 24, 2012 at 2:15 pm | Report abuse |
    • jenny

      possibly it will teach those 900 players to have better judgement of character....obviously those kids were brainwashed by to believe the man and school were all that mattered...possibly it will teach those 900 players to save their own sons from abusive men, or even a strangers child...and it wasn't 1 man, you have the sandusky scandal then you have the PSU/paterno scandal...which is worse??? not sure...whos to say none of the 900 players you speak of didn't knpw also, i'd bet money some of them did....1st player just hasn't come forward yet.....

      July 24, 2012 at 2:20 pm | Report abuse |
  13. Dayshifter77

    Some of you are just not getting it..... Do you not understand what pain THIS PROGRAM has caused, do you think the molesting of a child is worth you being able to say I / we / he won X number of games. The NCAA is punishing the program, if you're part of the program you're gonna get a piece of the punishment whether you played a part or not. It's called being part of a team, and I'm sure you've taken one for the team before!!! And hey., there's a bunch of kids out there that took one for you too..... you just don't realize how much.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:12 pm | Report abuse | Reply
    • lip

      The PROGRAM didn't do anything. It was people plain and simple. Ridiculous that the NCAA sanctions didn't come down on those most responsible, Spanier, Curley, etc. Just punishing the 'Program'. Absurd

      July 24, 2012 at 2:31 pm | Report abuse |
  14. Adam

    Hope you people are happy. You wanted justice and revenge, you got it. At the cost of every decent player that played for Penn state. Victims became the persecutors. Funny how that works.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:14 pm | Report abuse | Reply
  15. TJ

    You can change the history books, but you can't change the history.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:16 pm | Report abuse | Reply
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