July 23rd, 2012
05:04 PM ET

Do sanctions alter history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy?

The NCAA's actions on Monday seem to be about more than just punishing Penn State's future football teams for the school's role in the Jerry Sandusky scandal.

In addition to the fines, bans and other sanctions it handed down that will hurt the storied program for a long time, in some eyes, the NCAA has wiped out almost all of the success of teams under coach Joe Paterno starting the moment he learned about Jerry Sandusky's actions but didn't do anything about it.

"Obviously, the 1998 date was selected because that's when the first reported incidents of abuse occurred and that's when the failure to respond appropriately began," NCAA President Mark Emmert said during a news conference on Monday. "And that was the point of time from which one could make an argument, of course, that the failures began inside the institution, so it seemed to both me and the executive committee that that was the appropriate beginning date."

Emmert's message was clear: The NCAA was choosing to punish a culture of silence, a culture that protected the program above all moral obligations and those responsible for making it that way.

Vacating wins has long been a debate in all sports. And so there is no surprise that the NCAA's ruling on Monday sent the debate over the decision to vacate the wins into a tailspin. But it raised questions about the implications the sanctions will have on past and current players, Paterno's legacy and ultimately Penn State's place among the best football programs.

Some say you can erase the wins, but it is an empty punishment that does nothing to move the university forward and doesn't ultimately change the facts. Others say it is the best way to punish a school: by wiping out a massive chunk of its history.

ESPN analyst and lawyer Jay Bilas told CNN that while the Penn State situation is egregious, the NCAA failed in doling out the penalties to the right people.

He believes the NCAA hammered the institution but failed to really hit those he believes are responsible, including former President Graham Spanier, former Athletic Director Tim Curley, former Interim Senior Vice President for Business and Finance Gary Schultz and Paterno.

“All any of them had to do was communicate (the Sandusky reports) to someone else. And all of them chose to be silent,” he said. “That’s unforgivable and unconscionable. The suggestions or implication that the football culture made them abandon their human decency is kind of offensive. Football didn’t do that; that was done by four individuals in positions of authority that could not be counted upon to do the right.”

And the message sent by the NCAA and Penn State based on the consent decree, Bilas believes, is that the culture of football was at fault, and so that institution should be punished. But Bilas believes that message neglects to get at the really heart of the issue.

“Putting this off on football just glosses over the fact that individuals were at a fault here, and they are not being held to account,” he said.

Bilas said he understood the frustration and anger of current and former Penn State players who say that by punishing the institution, the NCAA was punishing them, too.

"Yes, Joe Paterno turned out to be a really bad person. But he won more games than any college coach in history. That’s a fact," Forbes writer Mike Ozanian wrote. "Barry Bonds holds both the all-time and single season home run records in baseball. That’s a fact. We might not like either fact. But we should also be treated as mature and adult enough to be able to discern on our own the difference between sports heroes and villains."

For the players on the affected Penn State teams, taking away those 112 games means they have essentially become collateral damage to the institution they so proudly represented on the field, when they probably had no idea what was happening off the field. The 2005 team will argue that its one-loss season and Orange Bowl win cannot be erased.

Who pays the price for sanctions? | What happens to Penn State football?

Others argue that the scars of their efforts still remain even if the win column looks different. Adam Taliaferro, a former player under Paterno, tweeted about a plate in his neck that is a lasting reminder of his spinal cord injury from playing at Penn State.

For them, the emotions and the sacrifices that they left on the field have been tainted. Former Penn State player Derek Moye says the vacating of victories ordered by the NCAA can't erase his memories of what he has been a part of.

Former Penn State player A. Q. Shipley tweeted a picture of rings he won at Penn State.

And former defensive end Devon Still tweeted a picture of a ring that was given out to players when Paterno passed the 400-win mark. No NCAA ruling will take that moment for him, he said.

Almost all of the former players note that their frustrations pale in comparison to those of the victims. But still, this sanction in particular stings deep for them. They believe they are paying the price for actions they did not commit.

Bilas said that is often the case when it comes to NCAA sanctions.

“The NCAA winds up more often than not sanctioning institutions rather than individuals,” said. “They’ve always punished into the future and the ones that are left behind. This is business as usual. It is always the current players that take the hit, the current coach that takes the hit.”

Bilas had hoped that sanctions would include show-cause orders for the top officials as a way to force Penn State to disassociate themselves with those involved at the highest levels.

A show-cause penalty has been used by the NCAA to punish coaches and officials before. It essentially puts penalties on them not just at their current jobs but also should they choose go elsewhere, often leaving them without a job at the college level.

In some ways, vacating the wins can be seen as the biggest slap in the face possible. It may in part be the least overall harmful sanction, but it may have the longest impact. In some ways, it forever alters the history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy as a whole.

“I think it's pretty clear that this was about dismantling a football program that the NCAA executive committee and board felt had gotten too big,” Bilas said. “That conclusion is inescapable. They wouldn’t have involved itself but for the fact that football was omnipotent and revered to that level.”

Paterno, as the most visible and symbolic figure of the institution, has perhaps been hit the hardest. On top of Penn State removing the statue of the man who defined the program for years, the move of vacating wins dethrones the Happy Valley hero from the title he clung to most: the winningest coach in college football. He achieved it during his last game, and many close to him said that goal was what he was holding on to as he coached into his later years.

Vacating the wins may be the least overall harmful sanction, but it may have the longest impact. In some ways, it forever alters the history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy as a whole.

Photos: Final tributes, Paterno statue removed

The NCAA's move sent Paterno from the top of the heap with the most wins down to 12th all-time and fifth for Division I schools.

Paterno's family issued a statement saying that they feel the coach has unfairly been defamed and now shamed without having the chance to defend himself.

"The release of the Freeh report has triggered an avalanche of vitriol, condemnation and posthumous punishment on Joe Paterno. The NCAA has now become the latest party to accept the report as the final word on the Sandusky scandal," the family said in a statement. "The sanctions announced by the NCAA today defame the legacy and contributions of a great coach and educator without any input from our family or those who knew him best."

Penn State review recasts story of football hero Paterno

Now, his friend Bobby Bowden sits at the top of the heap as the winningest coach.

And Bowden knows a thing or two about being in the midst of NCAA troubles. He had 12 wins vacated by the NCAA for the time he was coach at Florida State University relating to ineligible players and an academic scandal. With those wins, he would have been sitting atop Paterno for the most wins even before the NCAA sanctions.

Bowden said he remembers how upset he was having those wins taken away, but he acknowledges that a much more horrible situation occurred at Penn State than just academics or player issues.

"I'm not rejoicing," Bowden told CNN.

The coach said he was truly surprised at the extent of the measures taken by the NCAA.

"I guess they felt that with the extent of what happened with Sandusky and the way it was handled," those measures were appropriate, he said. "I didn't expect them to take that many away."

The vacating of all of those wins does not just have an effect on what we will say about Paterno. It also largely shakes the standing and legacy of Penn State in the history books, which now is no longer one of the Top 10 winningest football programs of all time.

Penn State, however, unlike Paterno, has had the chance to give input and respond to the Freeh report. And the school is making a statement by saying it will not fight the view the NCAA has taken about previous inaction.

And ultimately, it has agreed to not challenge the NCAA's harsh perception of the past but also self-sanction the school's future and ultimately rewrite Paterno's entire legacy.

Paterno loyalists call NCAA sanctions excessive

soundoff (1,035 Responses)
  1. fred

    Sophie says it perfectly:
    "The reality is that this is not only about football, it's about money. The football program brings millions to Penn State every year. Paterno and other involved sold out these kids.They decided that this scandal would have been bad for publicity and for their bottom line. Paterno made a lot of money being JoePa. This was not all about the love of the game, it was about the love of the money and prestige the game brings. The NCAA is hitting them right in the pocket book. Maybe next time it will be about doing the right thing and not protecting the bottom line."

    July 24, 2012 at 2:47 pm | Report abuse |
  2. invictus83

    Yes, as a mandatory reporter, Paterno DID break the law. His family should get ABSOLUTELY NOTHING.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:47 pm | Report abuse |
  3. A.E.

    What a shame. Congratulations on punishing yet another group of children - this time, Penn State students who didn't do anything wrong. Absurd.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:47 pm | Report abuse |
  4. Robert

    Just curious..Do they take away the losses to?

    July 24, 2012 at 2:49 pm | Report abuse |
  5. HunterPSU

    NCAA lost focus on education part of this punishment...How does it help college football to encourage USC to go after Silas Redd? Are we now in the pros? Team loyalty, dedication, seeing things through vs individual glory will be sorly tested...Will it make the best players feel elite as they are persued by the top schools like USC while the other players are potential left to drift in the wind? What is the lesson NCAA is trying to teach...What about the schools where these players land...how will the other team members like people popping in taking other players places that have been there...NCAA reacted to quickly and without thinking this through.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:49 pm | Report abuse |
  6. KVS

    Those wins should absolutely be erased. What Joe Paterno did gave him better odds. If they had not covered up for Sandusky and it had been made public years ago what this man was doing at Penn State, they would not have been able to recruit the players they did, period. Those players would have been at different schools. But, so they wouldn't mess up the program and could still recruit the best of the best, they lied and covered for a monster. Those wins, while it does not take away from the talent of those players, it DOES take away from the legitimacy of Penn States record. If people can't see that, then their priorities are disgustingly off. P.S. I'm a football fan, and love the game. But that's what it is, A GAME. Please, football fans, give yourself a reality check.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:50 pm | Report abuse |
  7. Russ

    Reminds me of when the victorious powers, punished the entire country of Germany after WWI. It didn't work. After WWII, they rebuilt the country instead, and with better results. That is what is needed here. Not punishment, but rebuilding. Everyone knows that there were failures. It is not necessary to whack Penn State over the head anymore for the failures of some key individuals.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:52 pm | Report abuse |
  8. Neri

    In my opinion they should shut the football program down. Joe is not a hero he is coward for not defending those abused children. Lord have mercy upon his soul because no amount of football awards/wins will be able to save him from the One(Jesus) seated on the throne.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:53 pm | Report abuse |
    • HB

      How would shutting the program down and taking away 50% of the business of State college not associated with the university make any sense? Loose a bout 20,000 jobs! Beyond ignorant

      July 24, 2012 at 3:50 pm | Report abuse |
  9. John

    The wins were correctly vacated. The coaches and administrators cheated by not shining the light on this scandal years ago. If your team gets caught cheating you all lose, even the innocent.

    July 24, 2012 at 2:53 pm | Report abuse |
    • Attila

      So; do they have to give the trophies back?

      July 24, 2012 at 3:19 pm | Report abuse |
  10. invictus83

    Penn St. football should be abolished FOREVER. Punish the people who chose image over innocent children. And yes, it does extend beyond those who are being tried for their crimes and the dead man (may he rot in hades for all eternity).

    July 24, 2012 at 2:54 pm | Report abuse |
    • Dionysius

      You must be a Christian..... all that unvented hatred.....

      July 24, 2012 at 2:58 pm | Report abuse |
    • informed123

      Wow you are a very angry and vindictive person...wishing pain and suffering on innocent people is really disturbing. The people who commited crimes should be punished to the fullest extend of the law. If you feel people who live in a community where a monster lived should be punished then we are all guilty.

      July 24, 2012 at 3:35 pm | Report abuse |
    • Jim

      Judge not, lest you be judged

      July 24, 2012 at 3:45 pm | Report abuse |
  11. Nicki Woods

    Um. college football is kindof horrible

    July 24, 2012 at 2:56 pm | Report abuse |
    • russ

      Agreed! The only thing remotely approaching the cesspool that is college football is professional football.

      July 24, 2012 at 3:41 pm | Report abuse |
  12. Joey

    The real reason the university wouldn not challenge it , because they know a HUGE civil case will be coming against them soon enough after the sentencing hearings for Sandusky.

    I wouldn't be surprised to see a civil suit of 300 Million dollars or more for the victims ..

    July 24, 2012 at 2:57 pm | Report abuse |
  13. Dean

    Duh........................

    July 24, 2012 at 2:58 pm | Report abuse |
  14. chiniquy

    No one has proved that Barry Bonds took steroids. Why does the media and other haters continue to say it?

    July 24, 2012 at 3:03 pm | Report abuse |
  15. ihcone

    From the movie, A Few Good Men:
    Downey: "What did we do wrong? We did nothing wrong."
    Dawson: "Yeah, we did. We were supposed to fight for the people who couldn't fight for themselves."

    July 24, 2012 at 3:04 pm | Report abuse |
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