July 26th, 2010
12:03 PM ET

What leaked documents are telling us about Afghan war

WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange talks to Larry King about the 90,000 documents his site recently made public reportedly detailing U.S. war efforts in Afghanistan.  Don’t miss 'Larry King Live' at 9 p.m. ET Monday on CNN.

[Update: 21:25] Ellsberg: 92,000 documents won't convey reason for Afghan War

The U.S. war in Afghanistan has been drawing comparisons to the Vietnam War for many years, and WikiLeaks' publication of more than 90,000 government documents about the war in Afghanistan will give more credence to that comparison. Daniel Ellsberg, the whistleblower responsible for leaking the U.S. government's top-secret study on the Vietnam War in 1971, says that like the Pentagon Papers, these documents will not justify the ongoing war.

"I think what the Pentagon Papers showed with 7,000 pages was that there was a lack of any good reason for doing what we were doing," Ellsberg told CNN. "My strong expectation is these 92,000 pages will not convey any good reason for the dying and killing and the enormous money we're spending over there in a time we cannot afford it."

FULL STORY

[Update: 20:27] WikiLeaks shines spotlight on mysterious Task Force 373

U.S. military documents released by WikiLeaks show that a U.S. Special Forces unit in Afghanistan assigned to hunt down terrorists also was responsible for the deaths of civilians, Afghan police officers and, in one particularly bloody raid, seven children while they attended school.

The unit is called Task Force 373. It’s assigned to kill so-called “high value” targets or detain them without trial, often in night operations. The 373 follows a hit list of sorts, according to The New York Times and The Guardian newspaper in England.

FULL STORY

[Update: 19:35] WikiLeaks documents show successes and failures of Afghan police and army

Training of and handing over security responsibilities to the Afghan police and military forces has been a central component of Afghanistan strategy during the last two administrations. Among the tens of thousands of documents published by WikiLeaks are a series of reports on the Afghan National Army and the Afghan National Police. The reports chronicle successes and failures of both agencies from 2004-2009.  Although both agencies have had failures, a preliminary review of the documents suggests that the ANP has more problems than the ANA.

Bruce Riedel, a senior fellow at the Saban Center for Middle East Policy in Washington DC, says that the mixed bag of results in the reports are apparent when reading raw military reporting and traffic. "If you had taken 90,000 documents from the Allied forces that invaded Normandy in 1944 until they reached V-E Day in 1945, you probably would have found the same kind of success stories and failures mixed together," Riedel told CNN.

FULL STORY

[Original post] Whistleblower website WikiLeaks has published what it says are about 76,000 United States military and diplomatic reports about Afghanistan filed between 2004 and January of this year.

The firsthand accounts are the military's own raw data on the war, including numbers killed, casualties, threat reports and the like, according to Julian Assange, the founder of WikiLeaks.org, which published the material Sunday. On Monday Assange said the leaked reports from Afghanistan appear to contain "evidence of war crimes."

"This material does not leave anyone smelling like roses, especially the Taliban," he said, also implying that some U.S. troops had behaved improperly.

CNN has not independently confirmed the authenticity of the documents. The Department of Defense will not comment on them until the Pentagon has had a chance to look at them, a Defense official told CNN.

White House National Security Adviser Gen. James Jones, who was among those offering reaction to the large document document, issued a statement Sunday calling the documents' release "irresponsible."

"The United States strongly condemns the disclosure of classified information by individuals and organizations which could put the lives of
Americans and our partners at risk and threaten our national security," the statement said.

There's a whole lot of information in the documents and we're digging through them with you to get a sense of what's in them, what new information we're learning about the war in Afghanistan, and what the big takeaways are that you need to know about.

What are we learning from the documents?

WikiLeaks released the documents to The Guardian, The New York Times and Der Spiegel before any other media outlets, and they had a chance to look ahead of time. Each news organization concentrated on different angles, but here are some highlights:

THE GUARDIAN

The Guardian put together an interactive map using data from the WikiLeaks documents to show and detail what it deemed were several significant events from the logs for users to examine in greater detail.

The paper also dug into many other issues the WikiLeaks material offered information about including:

On Osama Bin Laden: The Guardian examined documents that allegedly link bin Laden to several incidents between 2004 and 2009.

Examples:
- Osama Bin Laden reported to have issued orders to suicide bombers in Afghanistan
- Afghanistan war logs: Bin Laden instigates suicide attack against Afghan President Hamid Karzai, according to U.S. report

On civilian casualties: Many of the documents deal with civilian casualties, whether from air strikes, at roadblocks or in other circumstances.

Example:
-Special forces wound two, kill six, including young girl, plus donkey and chickens

On Pakistan ties: Several documents that The Guardian highlights indicate the fingerprints of Pakistan's ISI spy agency on some Taliban activity.

Example:
-Pakistan's spies accused of arming Taliban ally with motorbikes for suicide attacks

THE NEW YORK TIMES

The Times redacted material it felt would reveal suspects' identities, to protect “people in danger,” or that would “reveal key tactical military capabilities.” The Times links to an explanation of its redactions.

On Pakistan: The Times reports on documents that show Pakistan allows representatives of its secret service to meet directly with members of the Taliban in strategy meetings to organize militants to fight against Americans in Afghanistan. Plots to assassinate Afghan leaders have been discussed in these meetings, according to the documents.

Example:
- Pakistan Aids insurgency in Afghanistan, reports assert

On how the war is going: The Times reports a "ground-level picture of the war in Afghanistan that is in many respects more grim than the official portrayals."

Example:
- View is bleaker than official portrayal of war in Afghanistan

On fighting the insurgency: The Times tells the story of U.S. Outpost Combat Keating, opened in 2006 in the Kamdesh district of Nuristan Province to fight the insurgency. The Times reports that leaked documents show three years of frustration within the outpost including low troop levels, unreliable Afghan partners, and an insurgency that has “grown in skill, determination and its ability to menace.”

Example:
- Strategic plans spawned bitter end for lonely outpost

On tactics insurgents use to attack: The leaked reports repeatedly describe differing tactics insurgents used against U.S. and NATO troops during the war

Example:
- Insurgents seen wearing government uniforms, and other times when they have roamed the country or appeared for a fight in the same Ford Ranger pickup trucks that the United States had provided the Afghan Army and police force. The trucks are described in this Nov. 2006 document.

- The Times also reports that the Taliban have used portable heat-seeking missiles against allied aircraft, a fact that has not been publicly disclosed by the military. This type of weapon helped the Afghan mujahedeen defeat the Soviet occupation in the 1980s.

On U.S. military resources: Referring to vehicles used by Americans, the New York Times reports, “For months the reports show how a third — or even a half — of the team’s vehicles were out of service, awaiting spare parts.”

On trust between U.S. and Afghan officials: In September 2007 in Paktia Province, a U.S. Civil Affairs report details a meeting that it had with unhappy Afghan district officials.

Example:
- According to the New York Times, the Afghans began a tirade, telling the Americans: “The people of Afghanistan keep loosing their trust in the government because of the high amount of corrupted government officials,” the report quoted the Afghans as saying. “The general view of the Afghans is that the current government is worst than the Taliban.”

On the "corruption" and "cultural misunderstandings” during war: The New York Times reports some of the documents show “an array of problems" occurring in Afghanistan during the war and small misunderstandings or victories that turned out to be failures.

Example: The truth about an orphanage
- The Times links to three documents about a locally funded orphanage that opened in Patkia province of Afghanistan in which the local director was given a leather jacket. The first document, dated Nov 2006, shows an American civil affairs officer enthusiastic about the orphanage’s opening. A few months later, a document describing an inspection reveals that only 30 orphans are at the center when there is supposed to be more 100. The third document, more than a year later, reveals that there are no orphans in the orphanage.

DER SPIEGEL

On German military problems: Spiegel looks at documents that allegedly illustrate little progress by the German troops in northern Afghanistan.

Example:
- Situation is far worse than the German government reports

On targeted assassinations: Several documents involve alleged targeted killings by the secretive U.S. Task Force 373.

Example:
- U.S. elite unit could create political fallout for Berlin

So just who is WikiLeaks and exactly what did they publish?

WikiLeaks publishes and comments on leaked materials that allege government and corporate misconduct.

The nonprofit site is run by a loose band of tech-savvy volunteers and has quickly become one of the Web's go-to locations.

Assange declined to tell CNN where he got the documents. He claims the documents reveal the "squalor" of war, uncovering how many relatively small incidents have added up to huge numbers of dead civilians.

This month, Assange, who is rarely seen in public, told a TED conference that Wikileaks thoroughly vets materials on the site. Watch his TED talk

The significance of the documents, Assange told CNN, lies in "all of these people being killed in the small events that we haven't heard about that numerically eclipse the big casualty events. It's the boy killed by a shell that missed a target."

However, the team at the website WikiLeaks has itself read only 1,000 to 2,000 of the documents, Assange said Monday.

soundoff (595 Responses)
  1. Bill

    Dear CNN – I'm not going to buy a Ford Explorer, even if you do make the entire background of the page linkable and popup a ridiculous ad to try to see it to me. I might, however, get tired of that and go somewhere else for my news!

    July 26, 2010 at 5:53 pm | Report abuse |
  2. Sara Palin

    Did the kids go fishing again, or are my legs just to wide open?

    July 26, 2010 at 5:53 pm | Report abuse |
  3. TheFallofRome

    AMERICANS ARE GOING TO DIE BECAUSE OF THIS!!!! Be it military or civilian, Americans will die from the release of this information due to propaganda reasons, emboldening the enemy, and teaching the enemy our methods. This is pure sedition. BTW, for "the administration" to verify that the info is classified, is a security breach in and of itself. BHO is a Cub Scout.

    July 26, 2010 at 5:54 pm | Report abuse |
  4. Sara Palin

    Did the kids go fishing again, or are my legs just too wide open?

    July 26, 2010 at 5:54 pm | Report abuse |
  5. Albert

    The sad part about this article is that people will start quoting it as truth. This is nothing but pure propaganda. My theory is that the United States is currently twiddling their thumbs in Afghanistan. They need more people (Muslims), to kill. What better way than to make the enemy think that they are winning, or at least have a slight chance of winning. This "Catch the bear with honey" tactic has been used since the 1rst Iraq war. Muslims are buying it and being killed left and right.

    Does anyone really think that a "nobody" website can find this kind of info on their own???

    July 26, 2010 at 5:55 pm | Report abuse |
  6. fataboy

    Be careful what you ask for, it may overwhelm you......

    July 26, 2010 at 5:56 pm | Report abuse |
  7. Shamgar50

    Somebody put a bullet in this guys head already!

    July 26, 2010 at 5:58 pm | Report abuse |
  8. abcd

    Every one in middle east or Indian sub-continent knows that its a coordinated attempt by Pak & Afghans to slowly bleed US to death. Unless you remove Pak (logistics support), Saudi (Financial support), victory is impossible. Rather more people will stand for food stamps. Bring back the money in Swiss banks from Pak/Afghan generals and politicians. Good luck!

    July 26, 2010 at 5:58 pm | Report abuse |
  9. Paul

    Interesting forum. I learned a lot in past few weeks. Here are the hgihlights:
    We went ot Iraq and Afghanistan to malke US secure, we went to Iraq for oil and Afghanistan for lithium and copper, Talibans were Mujahedin and now they are our enemes who are using training and weapons we provided them, we give billions of dollars to Pakistan and we are deficit, no one mentions Israel getting billions of dollars, Israel and Jews are extremely smart, we fight their proxy wars to protect them from uncivilized Arabs, let's nuke Pakistan, give billions of dollars to India to fight terrirosm, no one sepecially elected official would dare to say anyting against Israel, they control Congress, world finances, banks, media, hollywood, etc., let;s get out of Afghanistan, etc. etc..can't list all the comments. I wish to add my comment: Preventive measurements are the best; find out the causes of terrorism, spread education, learn from each other, abolish poverty, respect everyone's rights and liberty, never hesitate to say sorry if wrong, share wealth, do good to win hearts of others, especially less privilaged, be optinist...we CAN learn to leave in peace. Peace.

    July 26, 2010 at 6:05 pm | Report abuse |
  10. db

    What would the USA or Brittian done if this kind of action had happend in WWII, where a journalist starts leaking papers that he was not suppose to have in the first place, thereby endangering members of the military. He would have been rounded up and tried for treason, probably shot. What I think that Brittian should do is still round him up, only outfit him as a soldier and send him to the front to report from there and be subject to the same conditions that the military is subject to. Any journalist that leaks state secrets or restricted materials should suffer the same punishment for a minimum of one year or spend five years in prison with bubba. Their choice.

    July 26, 2010 at 8:29 pm | Report abuse |
  11. James Angerstein

    One way to end all the problem of leaking sensitive information and war crimes etc.etc. is this GET OUT OF IRAQ AND AFGANISTAN NOW!!!!!!!!!!

    July 26, 2010 at 8:49 pm | Report abuse |
  12. Misra

    Americans are fooling themselves: For last 25 years India has been giving dossiers and reports on how the rouge state Pakistan and its agencies are fuelling terrorism across India and elsewhere. US and West never listened to these warnings. One fine morning 9/11 happened and US in a knee-jerk reaction started a Rambo like operation in the region looking for some quick solution and fooling US tax payers. US which is responsible country but has been blind folded by Pakistan. It's very laughable that worlds most powerful country is being guided by Pakistan,a "Failed State" and a country whose citizens basically "Hate" west, US and so called infidels. Pakistan and its state agencies have mastered the art of fooling Americans. Americans know it, but they want an early exit from Pakistan and it will not be wrong to say that incompetent American army and strategists have failed miserably in Afganistan.

    July 26, 2010 at 9:49 pm | Report abuse |
  13. Misra

    For last 25 years India has been giving dossiers and reports on how the rouge state Pakistan and its agencies are fuelling terrorism across India and elsewhere. US and West never listened to these warnings. One fine morning 9/11 happened and US in a knee-jerk reaction started a Rambo like operation in the region looking for some quick solution and fooling US tax payers. US which is responsible country but has been blind folded by Pakistan. It's very laughable that worlds most powerful country is being guided by Pakistan,a "Failed State" and a country whose citizens basically "Hate" west, US and so called infidels. Pakistan and its state agencies have mastered the art of fooling Americans. Americans know it, but they want an early exit from Pakistan and it will not be wrong to say that incompetent American army and strategists have failed miserably in Afganistan.

    July 26, 2010 at 9:51 pm | Report abuse |
  14. Jenilea J

    What did people think was going on over there ? Did you really think they were telling the truth about everything ? Its a war and in war bad things happen . Sometimes I wonder if we will really know the truth behind all of this . I for one am glad there are people out there willing to risk allot to try to let people know whats going on. To bad the media is so biased these days . The truth is what we all want and the TRUTH is what we need !!

    July 26, 2010 at 10:18 pm | Report abuse |
  15. Sj

    So...What...who say war is clean...Muslim were all proud when they come and attack us, what is wrong with saying all. They are the one who is killing innocent people, kids and women. Couple of higher up will be escape goat in this leak and we just follow the plan....... we need to stop handing money to Pakisthan....I don't think anything good coming out of that relation.

    July 27, 2010 at 12:15 am | Report abuse |
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