Iraqi President Jalal Talabani officially named Nuri al-Maliki to a second term as prime minister in a televised ceremony Thursday.
Talabani gave a speech and handed a letter to the prime minister, asking him to form a new government following a months-long political stalemate that drew fears of a resurgence in sectarian and insurgent violence.
Al-Maliki has 30 days to work with rival factions and form a government or face the prospect of losing the president's nomination.
"I know very well, as do you, that the task I have been designated with is not an easy one, especially with Iraq's current circumstances," al-Maliki said. "So I urge the great Iraqi people ... and my brothers the politicians to work on getting past all the disputes that had dominated the past stages."
Al-Maliki's nomination came after months of delicate power-sharing negotiations within Iraq's fledgling democracy.