Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade
Mexican-American women accounted for 16% of the nation’s births in 2008.
July 14th, 2011
12:01 PM ET

Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade

Births have overtaken immigration as the driving force behind the growth of the Mexican-American population in the United States in the past decade, according to a report released Thursday by the Pew Hispanic Center.

The same can be said for the entire Hispanic population of the United States, which grew from 35.3 million in 2000 to 50.5 million in 2010, accounting for 16.3% of the U.S. population, according to U.S. Census Bureau data. About 58% of that growth resulted from births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

The trend is most evident among Mexican-Americans, whose numbers grew by 7.2 million as a result of births and 4.2 million from new immigrant arrivals in the past decade, reversing trends from the previous two decades, when the number of new immigrants matched or exceeded the number of births, the report says.

Mexican-Americans are the nation's largest Hispanic group,  at around 31.8 million, or 63% of the U.S. Hispanic population and 10% of the total U.S. population.

In the Pew report, the term Mexican-American applies to people of Mexican origin, regardless of immigration status. The study noted that in 2010, 52% of people of Mexican origin were in the U.S. illegally, and that 68% of births to undocumented aliens were to Mexican nationals.

What's behind the change?

Mexican-Americans are more likely than U.S.-born Americans to be in their prime child-bearing years, and they also have higher fertility rates, the report says. Another significant factor is a steep decline in Mexican immigration to the United States in recent years.

Hispanic births accounted for 25% of the nation’s newborns in 2008, the report says, citing statistics from the Centers for Disease Control. U.S. births are also disproportionately Mexican-American. While 10% of the nation’s population in 2008 was Mexican-American, 16% of the nation’s births were to Mexican-American mothers.

White children in the minority in 10 states

Meanwhile, the number of new immigrants arriving from Mexico fell by 60% between 2006 and 2010 because of declining job opportunities in the U.S., increased border enforcement and economic growth in Mexico, the report says, citing a previous Pew Hispanic Center study of Mexican immigration trends.

Age and fertility explain the high share of births among Mexican-Americans, the report says. On average, Mexican-Americans are younger than other major racial and ethnic groups, with a median age of 25, compared with 30 for non-Mexican-origin Hispanics and 41 for whites.

Mexican-American women also have more children than their counterparts in other racial and Hispanic origin groups. The typical Mexican-American woman between 40 and 44 has given birth to 2.5 children, compared with 2.3 children for the typical same-aged Hispanic woman and 1.8 children for the typical same-aged white woman, according to Pew Hispanic Center tabulations from the 2006 to 2010 June Fertility Supplements of the U.S. Current Population Survey.

The Hispanic share of the population is projected to rise from 16.3% in 2010 to 29% by the middle of this century, with the bulk of the future increase driven by births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

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soundoff (1,115 Responses)
  1. Getajob

    I am sick and tired of paying taxes for them. With two kids I pay over $800 in taxes plus I have to pay for my own healthcare. 58% the hell would they survive if it wasn't for food stamps and welfare? The way of thinking in this country is so backwards. Don't work? We'll take care of you. Working? Great, we need your tax money to pay for all those people not working but sit at home and f$%k all day and make babies they can't care for. Illegals and lazy people are the reason we are in this mess. Cut their a** off!

    July 16, 2011 at 8:23 am | Report abuse |
  2. texas gun owner


    July 16, 2011 at 8:42 am | Report abuse |
  3. whatAwaste

    Illegals don't care about there kids, that's why they have so many. They dont realize how much $$ is needed for a child so they rob every hard working American and laugh about it while making there tacos. Look at california, all you see are mexi's. Such a beatiful state now completly BROKE. I feel bad for all the kids who have parents like that who don't work and will never get a good education,never go to a university. Its a shame,our govermnet needs to do something about this crap. Mexicans should be proud to be mexican.....SO STAY IN MEXICO. Or when u come to AMERICA get off your lazy ass and work and use a damn condom or put your women on birth control. Stop f***ing the system and wasting our money your just adding up our debt. Go to school or learn a trade so you can support YOUR OWN!! And no mexico WILL NOT take over tha US....they will eventually throw you illegals in the FEMA camps

    July 16, 2011 at 8:52 am | Report abuse |
  4. Frank

    This is nothing new, the media creates hate. This is called the United States of Africa. Black people consider themselves equal to whites in this era. the black people appear on TV more and have a "beautiful painted image" now. Know that the black and white don't fight no more they have to focused that negative energy in a different direction. Its starts at the top this is the real issue politicians don't want to tackle they rather give gays more rights than tackle the Mexican American issue. It's a such a sensitive topic that they know it could either make or break there political career. Until I hear from a political superior that's when I know things will change. The media will continue to be a drama queen and u little divas can continue to see it, live it and worship it.

    July 16, 2011 at 10:48 am | Report abuse |
  5. isis

    the only fact here, is that i do agree with these AMERICAN CITIZENS... why do they have 4-5 children, and yet they have the audacity keep having more children when they depend on food stamps and housing, that labels all mexicans in general.... and if you pay attention, many of them who ask for food stamps, they drive big nice trucks but they cant avoid asking for the goverment's help..... i am mexican, ok, i hate to go to walmart, and see these ladies with four children, that she cannot even handle... i wonder if these type of "mexicans" bring along with them the ignorance of "oh well, if have many kids today, they will take care of me tomorrow, when i grow older" or "my dad had 10 children, so am I" ...... what is wrong with them.... i think many of them are not educated enough to know that you can prevent pregnancy...... but oh well.... i am ashame of my own race on that perspective.... but i am still proud to eat tacos, and sad because Mexico is becoming a dangerous country to its own race... i hope there is a solution to the immigration issue, and these babyboomers.......

    July 18, 2011 at 3:50 am | Report abuse |
  6. jstn bieber

    yes.... I'm going impregnate 10 immigrant women!!!!!!

    July 18, 2011 at 4:09 am | Report abuse |
    • Veronica

      You'll have to stand in a lot of lines

      July 18, 2011 at 6:46 pm | Report abuse |
  7. Dick Hertz

    Did they find anyone to believe this garbage yet? Don't seperate the families. Deport all of them. They deserve nothing.

    July 18, 2011 at 10:09 pm | Report abuse |
  8. James Borden

    GO HOME!!!!!!!!

    May 7, 2012 at 7:24 pm | Report abuse |
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