Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade
Mexican-American women accounted for 16% of the nation’s births in 2008.
July 14th, 2011
12:01 PM ET

Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade

Births have overtaken immigration as the driving force behind the growth of the Mexican-American population in the United States in the past decade, according to a report released Thursday by the Pew Hispanic Center.

The same can be said for the entire Hispanic population of the United States, which grew from 35.3 million in 2000 to 50.5 million in 2010, accounting for 16.3% of the U.S. population, according to U.S. Census Bureau data. About 58% of that growth resulted from births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

The trend is most evident among Mexican-Americans, whose numbers grew by 7.2 million as a result of births and 4.2 million from new immigrant arrivals in the past decade, reversing trends from the previous two decades, when the number of new immigrants matched or exceeded the number of births, the report says.

Mexican-Americans are the nation's largest Hispanic group,  at around 31.8 million, or 63% of the U.S. Hispanic population and 10% of the total U.S. population.

In the Pew report, the term Mexican-American applies to people of Mexican origin, regardless of immigration status. The study noted that in 2010, 52% of people of Mexican origin were in the U.S. illegally, and that 68% of births to undocumented aliens were to Mexican nationals.

What's behind the change?

Mexican-Americans are more likely than U.S.-born Americans to be in their prime child-bearing years, and they also have higher fertility rates, the report says. Another significant factor is a steep decline in Mexican immigration to the United States in recent years.

Hispanic births accounted for 25% of the nation’s newborns in 2008, the report says, citing statistics from the Centers for Disease Control. U.S. births are also disproportionately Mexican-American. While 10% of the nation’s population in 2008 was Mexican-American, 16% of the nation’s births were to Mexican-American mothers.

White children in the minority in 10 states

Meanwhile, the number of new immigrants arriving from Mexico fell by 60% between 2006 and 2010 because of declining job opportunities in the U.S., increased border enforcement and economic growth in Mexico, the report says, citing a previous Pew Hispanic Center study of Mexican immigration trends.

Age and fertility explain the high share of births among Mexican-Americans, the report says. On average, Mexican-Americans are younger than other major racial and ethnic groups, with a median age of 25, compared with 30 for non-Mexican-origin Hispanics and 41 for whites.

Mexican-American women also have more children than their counterparts in other racial and Hispanic origin groups. The typical Mexican-American woman between 40 and 44 has given birth to 2.5 children, compared with 2.3 children for the typical same-aged Hispanic woman and 1.8 children for the typical same-aged white woman, according to Pew Hispanic Center tabulations from the 2006 to 2010 June Fertility Supplements of the U.S. Current Population Survey.

The Hispanic share of the population is projected to rise from 16.3% in 2010 to 29% by the middle of this century, with the bulk of the future increase driven by births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

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Filed under: Census
soundoff (1,115 Responses)
  1. JMV

    Make them support them and pay for everything like the rest of us and the birth rampage will stop.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:58 pm | Report abuse |
  2. Shneeky

    This is certainly evidenced by the fact that every Mexican female I see on the streets, that is of child bearing years, is pushing a stroller full of babies with two or three more in tow. A big part of the problem is that cancerous Catholic mentality whereby contraception is taboo. Get a clue and put a cover on it people!

    July 14, 2011 at 3:58 pm | Report abuse |
    • r


      July 14, 2011 at 4:00 pm | Report abuse |
    • r

      how white america allow itself to be over run like this is almost self destructive......lloll.....white america will go down as the first race civilization or ever destroy itself.....and in record time......lloll.......30 years.....

      July 14, 2011 at 4:02 pm | Report abuse |
    • r

      what white america and latinos is like the yankees giving up yankee stadium to go play in the park. fools!!! every mexican is laughing at how easy it was......every aztec indian myan back to like a.d. 300

      is laughing at how the greatest civilization ever known was conquered in 30 years. by nothing else or more than sympathy politics and guilt. mexico over took white with out fireing a shot.

      you anglos really man are pathetic.........i have lost almost all respect for you. not your grandparents. Cause they would have never ! tolerated this crap. when they were alive. just pathetic ///

      July 14, 2011 at 4:06 pm | Report abuse |
    • r

      your grand parents would of grabbed these people by the neck buddy by the neck and sent them back south to cars and all......but that ? was a different generation.

      this geenration of anglos...........just spineless........politically correct stooges..

      .oh well maybe they will take my visa in austrilia........lloll.....

      July 14, 2011 at 4:08 pm | Report abuse |
    • Californian

      Yes the CATHOLIC pedophiles are to blame for encouraging overbreeding. Shame on them.

      July 14, 2011 at 4:11 pm | Report abuse |
    • r

      yeah catholics are to blame not anglos who are to afraid to speak about anything except in here........theyre innocent of everything............the hell are you people kidding. Us cubans would of never never ! never ! would allowed these indians to over run us like this. And your great great granparents. would have launched the army. i respect your great great grand parents. those were men. they would never tolerated this invasion. But you people? garbadge......chicken S+++ politically correct stoooge. in fact to afraid and cowards are you people.......that it wont be long before you .......accept it was or always been normal there presence. Fowl man................just fowl...............only word for it......fowl...

      what can you do change is part of life. thats why im immigrating to austrilia. last place on earth that respects itself//

      July 14, 2011 at 4:15 pm | Report abuse |
    • r

      when are white people going to admit the truth they dont respect themselves or there culture....anymore. at least we would have the truth........i could accept

      the truth you know...??.....

      July 14, 2011 at 4:16 pm | Report abuse |
  3. Slim

    There needs to be a study to conclude this? At some point, this is true for all races.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:58 pm | Report abuse |
  4. visnumaya

    I was with this patient, and she calls me "muchacha" means housekeeper. Ha Ha Ha. People, I may be cleaning my patient, I love it. Cleaning a patient with my 4 year BSN nursing I don't mind doing pt. care. It's a job. But, a tactless, illiterate like most of you who could not even speak the English language even basic. Parasite. And boys if they think you're a single parent they would try to woo you. They knew. What? You cannot afford to pay my bills. You just need a green card. You need a class act. Parasite. Too dependent with Uncle Sam. Uncle is broke.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:58 pm | Report abuse |
    • klebay

      I think muchacha just means girl, now if she's specifically calling you chacha then she's calling you a maid.

      July 14, 2011 at 4:05 pm | Report abuse |
    • Michael

      Just an FYI Visnumaya, muchacha doesn't mean housekeeper, it means young lady. If anything they were using it as a term of endearment, so don't go and get your panties in a bunch.

      July 14, 2011 at 4:06 pm | Report abuse |
    • Lou

      Excuse me – in this particular case you are the tactless and illiterate; for one, muchacha does not mean housekeeper, it refers to young girl/lady. The translation of housekeeper is "ama de llaves." For someone who flaunts having a 4 year BSN nursing degree you are pretty ignorant. I don't know from what hole you came out of – but, please go back to it.

      July 14, 2011 at 4:09 pm | Report abuse |
    • Sajara

      Unfortunately, 'visnumaya' "muchacha" does not mean housekeeper. Congratulations on your BSN but you should probably be working on becoming a little more culturally competent especially if you intend on working in the medical field. Apparently Uncle Sam is paying the wrong person's salary. SMH.

      July 14, 2011 at 4:10 pm | Report abuse |
  5. Sandeep

    I do not understand why Americans give preference to illegal latrine cleaners from latin America – latinos – when there are millions of English speaking, highly skilled, LEGAL Indians waiting patiently for visa.

    Considering that India has 13x more people than mexico, it is clear this is anti-Indian racism!!!

    Why should MEXICO get immigration priority over highly skilled Indians???

    NOT FAIR!!!!!!

    July 14, 2011 at 3:59 pm | Report abuse |
    • Californian

      Aren't you happy that you and your kind invaded CANADA. Latrine Roach!@!

      July 14, 2011 at 4:12 pm | Report abuse |
    • klebay

      You are extremely racist by saying you're so sick of the latinos. How would you feel if people said that about indians. I'm friends with indians and a lot of them come to this country and get an amazing education only to go back to their native india and use all the SKILLS and EDUCATION they learned here to make india better. Instead these hispanic people come looking to make their lives better and actually try to stay here forever because going back home is worse. You might be here to stay but many indians do go back, now that is NOT FAIR, they should contribute to USA, not go back.

      July 14, 2011 at 4:14 pm | Report abuse |
    • Arpaio

      Agree with you 100%. I do not understand why the U.S. bends over backwards for illegals from Mexico.

      July 14, 2011 at 4:53 pm | Report abuse |
  6. eperez

    I am sorry I am no criminal, born here in the USA. Love my country its the best in the world, we can agree to disagree. but you people turn it into hate. my family was here before it was the US or Mexico, and we will always be here, whether you like it or not. try to kick us out of what's our, you are the guests, do you think because a few hundred years have passed that your right is this land to push people around because they are difrerent, no there is only one way to deal with a bully. its begining to look a lot like christmas.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:00 pm | Report abuse |
    • Sandeep

      You are ILLEGAL law breakers!!!

      Wait your turn in line like all the rest of us!!!

      Why should MEXICO get preference in immigration over India???

      I am soooooooooo sick of you illegal latrine cleaners!!!!

      July 14, 2011 at 4:04 pm | Report abuse |
    • nkm

      The problem is that too many Hispanics that were "born here in the USA" still have more loyalty to Mexico, to which they have never been, than they do to the United States. You need to choose your loyalty.

      July 14, 2011 at 4:06 pm | Report abuse |
  7. Chris

    Man, we really should have just taken Mexico all together when we won the Mexican-American war. Most Americans don't know this, because they are stupid, but we occupied Mexico City when we forced the Mexicans to sell us the Southwest for a "fair" price.

    1) We should have just outright taken it. We won fair and square!
    2) We should have just told the Mexicans they lost and we're taking your sorry country and making it better by being part of America.

    There's nothing wrong with Mexicans themselves. They're just byproducts of a pitiful country that doesn't care about them and they're trying to find solace here in America. Now, though, America is too PC to correct our ongoing problems. We're too busy making cupcakes out of our kids by patting them on head telling them everything will be okay.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:00 pm | Report abuse |
  8. KR

    And then after this article we read the other one about children starving...

    July 14, 2011 at 4:00 pm | Report abuse |
  9. abby

    Most Hispanics are Catholic; the Catholic Church does not permit birth control. 'nuff said.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:00 pm | Report abuse |
  10. Phyllis North

    This high fertility will keep Hispanics poor - too many kids to give them any advantages or attention. The poverty cycle established by poor blacks is continuing with Hispanics.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:01 pm | Report abuse |
  11. skarrlette

    Look they do it on purpose. They do they come here and know that if they get pregnant on American soil the baby is a citizen. They use it for security to scream human rights, that way they can't be deported. They do it for benefits that they get for the legal citizen the baby. And the politicians that you keep voting in are letting them so why get p*ssed.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:01 pm | Report abuse |
  12. @evasp

    Once the anchor baby is born here, unfortunately that baby is automatically considered Mexican-American. You showed your bias with your last line. Please, please go back to Mexico, and take your pack of Americans-by-default with you.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:01 pm | Report abuse |
  13. Matt

    Now what, conservative Tea Bags?!? That's a true dilemma, Mexicans or birth control?

    July 14, 2011 at 4:01 pm | Report abuse |
  14. Nancy

    Come on guys, read the actual article before thoughtless immigrant-bashing. The article says the average birth rate for Mexican-American women (many of whom are Americans, and should not be subject to immigrant-bashing, as the researchers don't differentiate based on immigrant status) is 2.5 versus 1.8 for white American women. Sure that is higher, but not that much. And we white American wome are not reproducing enough to replace ourselves. So would you rather have an aging and decreasing-population country of white Americans? I'm not sure that that is in the best interests of our nation.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:02 pm | Report abuse |
  15. deadone 98

    theyre like locust someone needs to put a stop to this madness

    July 14, 2011 at 4:02 pm | Report abuse |
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