Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade
Mexican-American women accounted for 16% of the nation’s births in 2008.
July 14th, 2011
12:01 PM ET

Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade

Births have overtaken immigration as the driving force behind the growth of the Mexican-American population in the United States in the past decade, according to a report released Thursday by the Pew Hispanic Center.

The same can be said for the entire Hispanic population of the United States, which grew from 35.3 million in 2000 to 50.5 million in 2010, accounting for 16.3% of the U.S. population, according to U.S. Census Bureau data. About 58% of that growth resulted from births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

The trend is most evident among Mexican-Americans, whose numbers grew by 7.2 million as a result of births and 4.2 million from new immigrant arrivals in the past decade, reversing trends from the previous two decades, when the number of new immigrants matched or exceeded the number of births, the report says.

Mexican-Americans are the nation's largest Hispanic group,  at around 31.8 million, or 63% of the U.S. Hispanic population and 10% of the total U.S. population.

In the Pew report, the term Mexican-American applies to people of Mexican origin, regardless of immigration status. The study noted that in 2010, 52% of people of Mexican origin were in the U.S. illegally, and that 68% of births to undocumented aliens were to Mexican nationals.

What's behind the change?

Mexican-Americans are more likely than U.S.-born Americans to be in their prime child-bearing years, and they also have higher fertility rates, the report says. Another significant factor is a steep decline in Mexican immigration to the United States in recent years.

Hispanic births accounted for 25% of the nation’s newborns in 2008, the report says, citing statistics from the Centers for Disease Control. U.S. births are also disproportionately Mexican-American. While 10% of the nation’s population in 2008 was Mexican-American, 16% of the nation’s births were to Mexican-American mothers.

White children in the minority in 10 states

Meanwhile, the number of new immigrants arriving from Mexico fell by 60% between 2006 and 2010 because of declining job opportunities in the U.S., increased border enforcement and economic growth in Mexico, the report says, citing a previous Pew Hispanic Center study of Mexican immigration trends.

Age and fertility explain the high share of births among Mexican-Americans, the report says. On average, Mexican-Americans are younger than other major racial and ethnic groups, with a median age of 25, compared with 30 for non-Mexican-origin Hispanics and 41 for whites.

Mexican-American women also have more children than their counterparts in other racial and Hispanic origin groups. The typical Mexican-American woman between 40 and 44 has given birth to 2.5 children, compared with 2.3 children for the typical same-aged Hispanic woman and 1.8 children for the typical same-aged white woman, according to Pew Hispanic Center tabulations from the 2006 to 2010 June Fertility Supplements of the U.S. Current Population Survey.

The Hispanic share of the population is projected to rise from 16.3% in 2010 to 29% by the middle of this century, with the bulk of the future increase driven by births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

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Filed under: Census
soundoff (1,115 Responses)
  1. Ok

    Imagine that, the hispanic center gives us a report of this quality. We pay for them to drop their litters in this country, of course the illegals will have more than 2 pups.

    Immigrate legally, pay taxes, and intigrate with the culture or stay back with the other criminals. Pull your own weight.

    Easy fix to illegal immigration:
    Step 1: Find illegals
    Step 2: Hang from wall along border. (group families together for greater psychological impact on those thinking about illegal immigration)
    Step 3: Brand X into forehead of anyone helping illegals. Second offense....you know where to put the bullet.
    Step 4: Open LEGAL immigration. Allow anyone to immigrate that passes an english test and background check.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:40 pm | Report abuse |
  2. tiredofthis

    They do have more children, because they do not know who the father is even if he is at home. They get everything for free. Free lunch at school, free medical, free food stamps, free housing, free wic, free clothes, free toys at christmas time. We the United States citizen have to pay because all of our income counts.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:41 pm | Report abuse |
  3. Chipawa

    Are you really that ignorant or just a random troll?

    July 14, 2011 at 4:41 pm | Report abuse |
  4. erich2112x

    Does this mean we get to have tacos for dinner every night now?

    July 14, 2011 at 4:42 pm | Report abuse |
  5. Jim in Texas

    Name one positive thing illegals have done. They use our free education, free medical care, free housing. Anchor babies get welfare. They are users, not contributors to my country. I'm glad I live in a gated community where I live among people who think, look, act, and vote like me. Even our gardeners and housekeepers are real Americans, not illegals or anchor babies.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:42 pm | Report abuse |
  6. ZanderTheGr8

    "Hispanic growth due to births"....Naaaaaaaaaaaaw, is THAT how it happens?!?

    July 14, 2011 at 4:42 pm | Report abuse |
  7. capnmike

    The root cause of this is the Catholic Church, which brainwashes people into believing that birth control is a "sin". Mexico, Central America and South American countries are almost completely Catholic. BTW, if you are not a Native American, you don't belong here any more than the Latinos do, so SHUT UP!

    July 14, 2011 at 4:43 pm | Report abuse |
    • Arpaio

      Print contraception in Spanish...

      July 14, 2011 at 4:47 pm | Report abuse |
    • Bob

      Here are the top five reasons:

      1. CATHOLICS
      2. CATHOLICS
      3. CATHOLICS
      4. CATHOLICS
      5. Tequila

      July 14, 2011 at 4:50 pm | Report abuse |
    • Jon

      The "Natives" weren't native here early on. They immigrated to North America via the Bering Strait, when it was frozen. So while they were here first, they were not always here.

      July 14, 2011 at 4:55 pm | Report abuse |
  8. Dan

    I wonder if Lorena Bobbitt would be interested in setting up a free birth control clinic for men with more than one child and on welfare regardless of ethnic origin?

    July 14, 2011 at 4:43 pm | Report abuse |
    • Logan9773

      I'm for it!

      July 14, 2011 at 4:49 pm | Report abuse |
  9. tiredofthis

    Sorry, doing a correction: Their income does not count because they are not here, ours does because we are here. Do not have anchor babies and give them anything because they are not here and see how quick the ratio will change.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:43 pm | Report abuse |
    • Lefty

      Well said. But you do know now you are going to be called a racist. lol

      July 14, 2011 at 4:54 pm | Report abuse |
  10. idb

    Of course the growth does not come from immigrants, after all, immigration is restricted and illegals are not counted in. (at least they shouldn't be. Hispanic immigrants are an asset, unlike their illegal cousins. The latter have only one way, that is out.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:43 pm | Report abuse |
  11. Billy

    Yeah, because each illegal has 15 anchor babies. I could have told you that. Stop misinterpreting the 14th Amendment.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:44 pm | Report abuse |
  12. joe diaz

    births, not immigration ?? birth of the illegals....who would have thought ! i live on a farm and we do our own work !

    July 14, 2011 at 4:44 pm | Report abuse |
  13. Julyfly

    Hello media! Are you just realizing this? It has been going on for at least 65 years. The women come here when they get labor pains and sit on the hospital steps until someone takes them inside the hospital. Our taxes pay for it.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:45 pm | Report abuse |
  14. ricky

    this should come as no surrise. the illegals are spitting out anchor babies left and right. They are like animals...

    July 14, 2011 at 4:45 pm | Report abuse |
  15. Jesus

    To the idiot who said the US will become a huge barrio – better that than the redneck trailer parks you've got going on now. At least these immigrants work hard, send their kids to school, who in turn work hard to become the future leaders of America while your lazy ass kids get drunk and do drugs. Latinos are taking over – deal with it!!!

    July 14, 2011 at 4:46 pm | Report abuse |
    • Arpaio

      Idiot. Our prision system is busting at the seams because of Latinos.

      July 14, 2011 at 4:48 pm | Report abuse |
    • Big Bob

      The land mass from the Rio Grande to Tierra del Fuego is entirely disfunctional because of these folks.
      Do you wish to recreate this in El Norte?

      July 14, 2011 at 4:54 pm | Report abuse |
    • william

      Yeah, every trailer park I've been around passing by has about 5000 Mexican guys about drunk. They drink a lot. They're not seeming to be trouble but just act like they're in heaven with new vehicles and all the beer they can drink..

      July 14, 2011 at 4:55 pm | Report abuse |
    • Jim in Texas

      Latinos are taking over? Are you drunk? Latinos are taking over our jail populations, ER waiting rooms, and of course all those good janitor jobs the Latinos are taking. Taking over? An uneducated day laborer cannot take over. Hispanics are good for three things: mowing my lawn, cleaning my toilets, and flipping my burgers.

      July 14, 2011 at 4:58 pm | Report abuse |
    • Ok

      Work hard, for unreported income.
      Go to school, on taxpayer money.

      Sure mexicans might take over, then the country will be swirling the drain like mexico. Run by drug lords with rampant poverty due to everyone wanting free money

      July 14, 2011 at 5:16 pm | Report abuse |
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