Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade
Mexican-American women accounted for 16% of the nation’s births in 2008.
July 14th, 2011
12:01 PM ET

Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade

Births have overtaken immigration as the driving force behind the growth of the Mexican-American population in the United States in the past decade, according to a report released Thursday by the Pew Hispanic Center.

The same can be said for the entire Hispanic population of the United States, which grew from 35.3 million in 2000 to 50.5 million in 2010, accounting for 16.3% of the U.S. population, according to U.S. Census Bureau data. About 58% of that growth resulted from births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

The trend is most evident among Mexican-Americans, whose numbers grew by 7.2 million as a result of births and 4.2 million from new immigrant arrivals in the past decade, reversing trends from the previous two decades, when the number of new immigrants matched or exceeded the number of births, the report says.

Mexican-Americans are the nation's largest Hispanic group,  at around 31.8 million, or 63% of the U.S. Hispanic population and 10% of the total U.S. population.

In the Pew report, the term Mexican-American applies to people of Mexican origin, regardless of immigration status. The study noted that in 2010, 52% of people of Mexican origin were in the U.S. illegally, and that 68% of births to undocumented aliens were to Mexican nationals.

What's behind the change?

Mexican-Americans are more likely than U.S.-born Americans to be in their prime child-bearing years, and they also have higher fertility rates, the report says. Another significant factor is a steep decline in Mexican immigration to the United States in recent years.

Hispanic births accounted for 25% of the nation’s newborns in 2008, the report says, citing statistics from the Centers for Disease Control. U.S. births are also disproportionately Mexican-American. While 10% of the nation’s population in 2008 was Mexican-American, 16% of the nation’s births were to Mexican-American mothers.

White children in the minority in 10 states

Meanwhile, the number of new immigrants arriving from Mexico fell by 60% between 2006 and 2010 because of declining job opportunities in the U.S., increased border enforcement and economic growth in Mexico, the report says, citing a previous Pew Hispanic Center study of Mexican immigration trends.

Age and fertility explain the high share of births among Mexican-Americans, the report says. On average, Mexican-Americans are younger than other major racial and ethnic groups, with a median age of 25, compared with 30 for non-Mexican-origin Hispanics and 41 for whites.

Mexican-American women also have more children than their counterparts in other racial and Hispanic origin groups. The typical Mexican-American woman between 40 and 44 has given birth to 2.5 children, compared with 2.3 children for the typical same-aged Hispanic woman and 1.8 children for the typical same-aged white woman, according to Pew Hispanic Center tabulations from the 2006 to 2010 June Fertility Supplements of the U.S. Current Population Survey.

The Hispanic share of the population is projected to rise from 16.3% in 2010 to 29% by the middle of this century, with the bulk of the future increase driven by births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

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Filed under: Census
soundoff (1,115 Responses)
  1. MrHelobious

    Illegal immigration brings out the racist in everyone.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:55 pm | Report abuse |
    • Perryboy

      I'm all for the Mexicans, have more babies. Wish I could get a few of the Mexican women pregnate, but my wife won't go for it. We never never would have let this happen if they were blacks.

      July 14, 2011 at 5:05 pm | Report abuse |
    • Ok

      Hate of criminals is more like it. And if you think people on here are bad, wait till you actually talk to a LEGAL imigrant about their views of illegals. Most of what you have here are bleeding heart upper-middle class that feels the need to crusade for everything from criminals to pollution.

      July 14, 2011 at 5:19 pm | Report abuse |
  2. Perryboy

    Mexican women don't mind being barefoot and pregnant. They will have a child every year starting at 12 years old in Mexico. In the USA they start having babies at 15. Having 10 babies is nothing for a Mexican woman.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:56 pm | Report abuse |
  3. Robert Smithee

    They had to do a study to find this?

    July 14, 2011 at 4:56 pm | Report abuse |
  4. nah

    you all suck

    July 14, 2011 at 4:58 pm | Report abuse |
  5. amber

    send them back to where they came from. I am tired of paying for their babies and kids

    July 14, 2011 at 4:59 pm | Report abuse |
    • Perryboy

      Wait wait before we send them back to Mexico, i want one for myself.

      July 14, 2011 at 5:07 pm | Report abuse |
  6. NicNic

    I think we ALL can weigh in on WHAT the problems are. That's the the issue. But now that it is here, and the Federal govt seems uninterested in stopping illegal aliens nor are they stopping anchor babies from being illegal too, let's hear some reasonable and logical solutions from YOU out there. Complaints are like Assho**s. Everyone's got one! Now, how about some REAL solutions!! ???????????????

    July 14, 2011 at 4:59 pm | Report abuse |
    • Ok

      Shoot the illegals. Once the pile of bodies is high enough on the border, they will be afraid to break the law.

      July 14, 2011 at 5:11 pm | Report abuse |
  7. MK

    Then you all must not like your land very much since you guys tend to screw it up.

    July 14, 2011 at 4:59 pm | Report abuse |
  8. Banderman

    Brilliant, absolutely brilliant. The lame scream media wins the 'Let's Re-State The Obvious' Award today. How else can a population be increased other than birth? Immigration is such a joke we can easily rule that out.

    July 14, 2011 at 5:00 pm | Report abuse |
    • me

      does illegaly crossing the border count as birth or immigration

      July 14, 2011 at 5:12 pm | Report abuse |
  9. Jim in Texas

    Why cant we all just go back to hating black people like we used to? Is that too much to ask for nowadays. Geez

    July 14, 2011 at 5:01 pm | Report abuse |
  10. Obuma Hussein Barracks

    "Oh, what a surprise"!!

    July 14, 2011 at 5:03 pm | Report abuse |
  11. Gary

    Popping out bambinos like vermin. Can not afford to feed them, can not afford to house them, can mot afford to educate them, can not afford to doctor them.....never mind this is AMERICA you do not have to, you are entiltled to it all.
    How many trillions is are deficit? Pablo has done more harm to this country than Osama Bin Laden could have dreamed of doing.

    July 14, 2011 at 5:03 pm | Report abuse |
    • dalis

      More racist pablum. I hope all your grandchildren marry Mexicans.

      July 14, 2011 at 5:10 pm | Report abuse |
  12. NicNic

    Worse is human trafficking. Maybe these illegals were used in human trafficking, they get pregant, and then like garbage, are shoved to the curb, baby in the oven. The traffickers just go out and kidnap another one and she's not heard from again.

    July 14, 2011 at 5:04 pm | Report abuse |
  13. Luis

    I have yet to read a post condemming the glorification of the anglo baby factories that garnish such high ratings in reallity TV shows. Whatever the culture of origin, irresponsible family planning is the root cause of our population explosion all over the world. One major cause of the Hispanic population growth is the fact that most Latin-Americans are decvoted Catholics. The Catholic church not only frowns on birth control (except the unrealistic abstinence), but abortion as well. Additonally, with the recent advent of dwindling grants to Planned Parenthood, the conservative left cannot complain that the hispanic population are given ever avenue available for responsible family planning. Proper access to family planning education is fundamental, in any language, and should be the basis on any seriouse discussion concerning this issue.

    July 14, 2011 at 5:04 pm | Report abuse |
  14. Dick

    The blacks are the real problems

    July 14, 2011 at 5:04 pm | Report abuse |
    • nonnahs

      Does that mean white people are not a part of the problem? Those are the best thieves. They still whole dam countries. Fool............................................I know people like you are thanking GOD for the internet, because your stupid ass dont have enough guts to say it to somebody's face. Wimp.

      July 14, 2011 at 5:09 pm | Report abuse |
    • Dick

      Come down to McKinney, TX and I'll show you who the wimp is

      July 14, 2011 at 5:12 pm | Report abuse |
    • Bill

      No your Mother is the problem cause she gave birth to you

      July 14, 2011 at 5:17 pm | Report abuse |
  15. nonnahs

    DJB (Said)
    Our ancestors also took the time to learn English and try to fit in with the American ideal, as opposed to, say, reveling in the way they may be able to make a life-long payday at the gov't's expense

    Hey DJB you do understand that english is not the native language right? Let me set the record straight unless you are native american WE are all illigal. The europeans took yes took this country from the indians and just because that was a very long time ago does not mean it's been forgot. So how do the desendants of thieves have the nerve to complain about others who want a shot at a better life. Face it the same property land that many of you are telling mexicans they cant live on is the same land that you live on which was infact taken from indians by your ancestors. Get right or get left. God created us all and no 1 group of people is better or worse than the other. I hope and pray that we can treat our brothers and sisters kindly as we want to be treated kindly.

    July 14, 2011 at 5:05 pm | Report abuse |
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