Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade
Mexican-American women accounted for 16% of the nation’s births in 2008.
July 14th, 2011
12:01 PM ET

Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade

Births have overtaken immigration as the driving force behind the growth of the Mexican-American population in the United States in the past decade, according to a report released Thursday by the Pew Hispanic Center.

The same can be said for the entire Hispanic population of the United States, which grew from 35.3 million in 2000 to 50.5 million in 2010, accounting for 16.3% of the U.S. population, according to U.S. Census Bureau data. About 58% of that growth resulted from births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

The trend is most evident among Mexican-Americans, whose numbers grew by 7.2 million as a result of births and 4.2 million from new immigrant arrivals in the past decade, reversing trends from the previous two decades, when the number of new immigrants matched or exceeded the number of births, the report says.

Mexican-Americans are the nation's largest Hispanic group,  at around 31.8 million, or 63% of the U.S. Hispanic population and 10% of the total U.S. population.

In the Pew report, the term Mexican-American applies to people of Mexican origin, regardless of immigration status. The study noted that in 2010, 52% of people of Mexican origin were in the U.S. illegally, and that 68% of births to undocumented aliens were to Mexican nationals.

What's behind the change?

Mexican-Americans are more likely than U.S.-born Americans to be in their prime child-bearing years, and they also have higher fertility rates, the report says. Another significant factor is a steep decline in Mexican immigration to the United States in recent years.

Hispanic births accounted for 25% of the nation’s newborns in 2008, the report says, citing statistics from the Centers for Disease Control. U.S. births are also disproportionately Mexican-American. While 10% of the nation’s population in 2008 was Mexican-American, 16% of the nation’s births were to Mexican-American mothers.

White children in the minority in 10 states

Meanwhile, the number of new immigrants arriving from Mexico fell by 60% between 2006 and 2010 because of declining job opportunities in the U.S., increased border enforcement and economic growth in Mexico, the report says, citing a previous Pew Hispanic Center study of Mexican immigration trends.

Age and fertility explain the high share of births among Mexican-Americans, the report says. On average, Mexican-Americans are younger than other major racial and ethnic groups, with a median age of 25, compared with 30 for non-Mexican-origin Hispanics and 41 for whites.

Mexican-American women also have more children than their counterparts in other racial and Hispanic origin groups. The typical Mexican-American woman between 40 and 44 has given birth to 2.5 children, compared with 2.3 children for the typical same-aged Hispanic woman and 1.8 children for the typical same-aged white woman, according to Pew Hispanic Center tabulations from the 2006 to 2010 June Fertility Supplements of the U.S. Current Population Survey.

The Hispanic share of the population is projected to rise from 16.3% in 2010 to 29% by the middle of this century, with the bulk of the future increase driven by births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

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Filed under: Census
soundoff (1,115 Responses)
  1. david massey

    America was built on europian immigrants, but todays unwanted and uneeded ones like these have ruined it. Its not just babies and anchor babies that have bankrupted us, but the endless supply south of our border. Thank your local politician for that. And ACLU.

    July 14, 2011 at 5:16 pm | Report abuse |
    • white maggot

      THIS COUNTRY WAS BUILT BY THE HANDS OF NATIVE PEOPLE AND IMMIGRANTS OF ALL COLORS! READ A HISTORY BOOK, IF YOU CAN! CASEY ANTHONY ROCKS! SHE'S AWESOME AND WHITE LIKE ME!!! YAY! CASEY!!!

      July 14, 2011 at 5:30 pm | Report abuse |
  2. Tomas

    Anchor Babies

    July 14, 2011 at 5:17 pm | Report abuse |
  3. OP

    Well, from a white male perspective, I must admit the spanish chicks are generally hotter and more fiesty than the average white european chicks.

    July 14, 2011 at 5:17 pm | Report abuse |
    • white maggot

      from my perspective, "european" trash kill their kids! anyone heard of casey anthony or susan smith? baby killers, YAY! go europeans!!! YAHOO!!!

      July 14, 2011 at 5:20 pm | Report abuse |
    • Wraith

      Right up until they hit 35 or so, then they explode, ooking like Super Mario, gut, 'stache, and all.

      July 14, 2011 at 5:22 pm | Report abuse |
  4. 100% American

    Breaking news! Uneducated poor people have more kids than they can pay to properly raise! How about this: anyone receiving government handouts is prohibited from having more mouths to feed. If you are on food stamps and you get pregnant, you lose your food stamps.

    July 14, 2011 at 5:18 pm | Report abuse |
    • white maggot

      BREAKING NEWS more white women kill their kids than any other race of women. YAY, facts!!!

      July 14, 2011 at 5:25 pm | Report abuse |
  5. peopleagainstpeoplewhoprotest

    52 % of people of Mexican origin are in the country illegal...that is slightly more than 1 in 2 Mexicans. That is crazy!

    July 14, 2011 at 5:18 pm | Report abuse |
    • white maggot

      I LIVE AND WORK IN IDAHO. WE HIRE ILLEGAL CANDIANS ALL OF THE TIME! U OF I HAVE SO MANY ILLEGAL CANADIAN STUDENTS WITH EXPIRED VISAS. THE U.S. PAYS THEM TO STAY HERE. THEY COLLECT FOOD STAMPS AND ARE IN CHEAP HOUSING! THEY ALSO HAVE ILLEGAL BABIES! DON'T SEE ANYONE DOING A STORY ON WHITE ILLEGALS, OH WAIT...LET'S FOCUS ON PEOPLE OF COLOR INSTEAD. 100% OF ALL SERIAL KILLERS IN THIS COUNTRY ARE WHITE!!!!! PROSSER, WA HAS A WHITE MAYOR WHO WAS CONVICTING OF MOLESTING A LITTLE BOY. GO WHITE PEOPLE!!! YAY!!!

      July 14, 2011 at 5:23 pm | Report abuse |
  6. LeeVA

    Whether a comment gets posted is completely random.

    July 14, 2011 at 5:19 pm | Report abuse |
  7. Rob

    Breeding like rabbits will do the trick...more free handouts...more power...

    July 14, 2011 at 5:19 pm | Report abuse |
    • Yankee Lover

      You can say that again. I agree!

      July 14, 2011 at 5:22 pm | Report abuse |
    • white maggot

      I THINK THERE ARE LESS WHITE KIDS IN THIS COUNTRY BECAUSE OF PEOPLE LIKE SUSAN SMITH, CASEY ANTHONY, JEFFERY DAHMER, TED BUNDY, JOHN WAYNE GACY...ETC THAT LIKE TO EAT OR AND KILL OUR KIDS. I MEAN, BEING WHITE IS SO AWESOME, WE HAVE SO MANY PEOPLE TO LOOK UP TO, EVEN SERIAL KILLERS!! YAY!!

      July 14, 2011 at 5:35 pm | Report abuse |
  8. LeeVA

    If I say the "I" word, my comment does not get posted. Why?

    July 14, 2011 at 5:19 pm | Report abuse |
    • fred miller

      No birthright...deport the babies just like their criminal parents...

      July 14, 2011 at 5:28 pm | Report abuse |
    • fred miller

      50 dollar postal money order for any illegal dropped off at the post office parking lot..DoA..Problem goes away within a week....

      July 14, 2011 at 5:30 pm | Report abuse |
    • Starlight

      Each person's situation is different. Unless you know the story of the person, you know nothing for a fact. Immigrants are not aliens. They are human beings. Stereotyping without reading facts and knowing individual stories is what feeds bigotry. It is impossible to be a Christian and a bigot as well.

      July 14, 2011 at 5:31 pm | Report abuse |
  9. Reality Check

    Let me see. Back home they only have 1.4 kids per couple, once they cross the river it grows to around 4.2. They arrive with no health insurance, no traceable taxable income and with less than a elementary level education (So they cannot help us compete against India’s fast growing IT population).... But they get $200-600 in food stamps, free Medicaid, Schooling for their 4-5 kids (costing an average of 7-9k per child x 12.yrs) just so 60% of these Hispanics graduate high school!!! Hold on- The road ahead is going to be extremely bumpy!!!
    And in case you think I am biased- I am Hispanic with 3 BA’s and a Grad degree

    July 14, 2011 at 5:20 pm | Report abuse |
    • Polly

      and if we continue to pay for each birth this trend will never stop.

      July 14, 2011 at 5:30 pm | Report abuse |
    • linda

      That is the most SANE and truthful comment I have ever heard. Touche'!

      July 14, 2011 at 5:32 pm | Report abuse |
    • Yankee Lover

      It's time for the while people to start popping out those white babies. They better get started........

      July 14, 2011 at 5:33 pm | Report abuse |
    • Dood

      Thank you for being an American first, Hispanic second. I also have 2 Bachelor's degrees and am of Spanish descent (among other nationalities) but that's second if you're an American citizen.

      I applaud your drive, for making our nation a better one and for calling it for what it is. Bravo!!

      July 14, 2011 at 5:37 pm | Report abuse |
    • Reality Check

      And I hate the Yankees!!! I was born and raised a Red Sox fan even when my background is german-spanish

      July 14, 2011 at 5:41 pm | Report abuse |
    • Brooke

      Dear REALITY check,
      When you go to a fancy restaurant (regardless how nice you're dressed), the waiters will always see HISPANIC on your forehead and sadly some if not most will tend to the White customer before you. They will not see your College Degree on your forehead but your Hispanic Heritage....it's pretty sad you don't see that but I'm sure you've experienced it before....it's just REALITY. Your whole outlook in regards to this article is pretty pathetic...

      July 14, 2011 at 5:44 pm | Report abuse |
    • Reality Check

      My dear Brooke. Not all Hispanics are Brown with black eyes and jet black hair unless you believe in stereotypes. I tend to detest blanket statements and the trends of judging people by their physical characteristics as I only value character, self determination and responsibility towards your family, country and persona. So Yes, I am biased to people that are not willing to pull their own weight and give some back to their community!!

      July 14, 2011 at 6:01 pm | Report abuse |
  10. LeeVA

    Immigrant

    July 14, 2011 at 5:20 pm | Report abuse |
    • Reality Check

      Yep, since 1870

      July 14, 2011 at 6:19 pm | Report abuse |
  11. Perryboy

    Anyone ever heard of hospital in Houston, Tx by the name of LBJ? If not, well this hospital is full of Mexican women that will give birth within days. There's many many babies born there every day and you hard working American are paying for it.

    July 14, 2011 at 5:20 pm | Report abuse |
    • steve

      no wonder we are broke

      July 14, 2011 at 5:23 pm | Report abuse |
    • Brooke

      What about African-Americans???? LBJ Hospital does not only tend to Hispanic Women but all Women!!! Idiot!!! My mother works there so sometimes I pick her up and there's about 80 per African American women that deliver at that hospital...just another racist commenting stupid comments!

      July 14, 2011 at 5:36 pm | Report abuse |
  12. Ct

    LOL! Yeah, CNN the egg came before the chicken. You do you think you are kidding here?

    July 14, 2011 at 5:22 pm | Report abuse |
  13. steve

    nah

    July 14, 2011 at 5:23 pm | Report abuse |
  14. Anne

    I don't care if you're blonde, wealthy, brilliant, good looking, and a 14th generation American, NO ONE should be having more than 2 kids. Period. I have one child. I am surrounded by other "white" people with 3 or 4 or more kids.

    My 85 year old mother used birth control back in the 1950s. It is not a new thing.

    Population growth is the biggest problem in the world, it is the cause of most other problems.

    July 14, 2011 at 5:24 pm | Report abuse |
    • sans diety

      I agree with you that discretion needs to be exercised when deciding whether to have x number of children but it should be based primarily upon one's ability to afford them, not whether or not one can procreate. Society should not have to pay for someone else's children when the child was born without regard for the economic consequences, which in the long run hurt not only the child's chances of success but our society at large. Radical thought: sterilization until you can prove financial stability.

      July 14, 2011 at 5:33 pm | Report abuse |
    • realnative

      then go to China......no one can tell me how many kids to have.

      July 14, 2011 at 5:34 pm | Report abuse |
    • sans diety

      RealNative: Clearly nobody can tell you anything, for you cannot listen, hear nor learn, for you are a typical selfish, uneducated, illiterate and boorish fool who has no regard or comprehension for the consequences of their actions when it encroaches on the lives of others. If having as many children as you wanted without regard to your ability to afford their basic needs including their educational expenses is insufficient to cause you you to even consider only procreating within reason then you are an abscess to society and need to shipped to China where they have the means to deal with petulant crap like you.

      July 15, 2011 at 9:46 am | Report abuse |
  15. Marv

    Time to start paying a birth tax. You want to have a baby, pay a $5k tax for every baby you have, $7500 if the baby is born out of wedlock (which accounts for most black and hispanic babies). That's one way to keep the ghettomongers from becoming poorer and ruining the future.

    July 14, 2011 at 5:25 pm | Report abuse |
    • steve

      they would still breed like rats
      probably get a waiver!

      July 14, 2011 at 5:29 pm | Report abuse |
    • The all potent one

      Its the land of give me stuff for free, not the land of the free as we are all being held captive by the liberal agenda. OB sees these babies as future democratic votes

      July 14, 2011 at 6:04 pm | Report abuse |
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