Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade
Mexican-American women accounted for 16% of the nation’s births in 2008.
July 14th, 2011
12:01 PM ET

Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade

Births have overtaken immigration as the driving force behind the growth of the Mexican-American population in the United States in the past decade, according to a report released Thursday by the Pew Hispanic Center.

The same can be said for the entire Hispanic population of the United States, which grew from 35.3 million in 2000 to 50.5 million in 2010, accounting for 16.3% of the U.S. population, according to U.S. Census Bureau data. About 58% of that growth resulted from births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

The trend is most evident among Mexican-Americans, whose numbers grew by 7.2 million as a result of births and 4.2 million from new immigrant arrivals in the past decade, reversing trends from the previous two decades, when the number of new immigrants matched or exceeded the number of births, the report says.

Mexican-Americans are the nation's largest Hispanic group,  at around 31.8 million, or 63% of the U.S. Hispanic population and 10% of the total U.S. population.

In the Pew report, the term Mexican-American applies to people of Mexican origin, regardless of immigration status. The study noted that in 2010, 52% of people of Mexican origin were in the U.S. illegally, and that 68% of births to undocumented aliens were to Mexican nationals.

What's behind the change?

Mexican-Americans are more likely than U.S.-born Americans to be in their prime child-bearing years, and they also have higher fertility rates, the report says. Another significant factor is a steep decline in Mexican immigration to the United States in recent years.

Hispanic births accounted for 25% of the nation’s newborns in 2008, the report says, citing statistics from the Centers for Disease Control. U.S. births are also disproportionately Mexican-American. While 10% of the nation’s population in 2008 was Mexican-American, 16% of the nation’s births were to Mexican-American mothers.

White children in the minority in 10 states

Meanwhile, the number of new immigrants arriving from Mexico fell by 60% between 2006 and 2010 because of declining job opportunities in the U.S., increased border enforcement and economic growth in Mexico, the report says, citing a previous Pew Hispanic Center study of Mexican immigration trends.

Age and fertility explain the high share of births among Mexican-Americans, the report says. On average, Mexican-Americans are younger than other major racial and ethnic groups, with a median age of 25, compared with 30 for non-Mexican-origin Hispanics and 41 for whites.

Mexican-American women also have more children than their counterparts in other racial and Hispanic origin groups. The typical Mexican-American woman between 40 and 44 has given birth to 2.5 children, compared with 2.3 children for the typical same-aged Hispanic woman and 1.8 children for the typical same-aged white woman, according to Pew Hispanic Center tabulations from the 2006 to 2010 June Fertility Supplements of the U.S. Current Population Survey.

The Hispanic share of the population is projected to rise from 16.3% in 2010 to 29% by the middle of this century, with the bulk of the future increase driven by births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

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Filed under: Census
soundoff (1,115 Responses)
  1. bookgirl

    I'm ok with that as long as they speak English. I refuse to learn the first word of Spanish. I'd rather learn Chinese at this point, as I think we are heading in that direction.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:33 pm | Report abuse |
    • ching chang chung

      or how about we just continue to speak English as we are in the United Sates! Non of this press 1 for spanish, press 2 for English bull

      July 14, 2011 at 7:02 pm | Report abuse |
  2. leeintulsa

    This country has it's problems, just like every country. But it's the one place in the world the world wants to go.

    I'm proud to say i was born here. It could have been *alot* worse.

    I was born here, and i was raised here. And dad gummet i'm a gonna die here. Ain't no sidewindin, hortwortnin, krokur kroker, gonna rawl mneh bissumkutder.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:35 pm | Report abuse |
  3. cindy

    mindless breeders

    July 14, 2011 at 6:36 pm | Report abuse |
  4. Charles

    I see wages coming down!

    July 14, 2011 at 6:37 pm | Report abuse |
  5. Granma Edie

    OMG! It took a survey to figure this out? And what did that cost us?

    July 14, 2011 at 6:38 pm | Report abuse |
  6. boooo yah

    I too work with mexicans and they are illegal immigrants. Though I do not agree the way they went about it I can say they work sooooo hard. They send so much money home to their families. I hear stories of where they are from where you get off the airplane and there is trash everywhere. I do not think we should pay for anchor babies because we have our own problems in America to take care of. If anyone wants to come here then they need to respect our culture and the way we live life. If it means learning english and paying to get citizenship then so be it.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:39 pm | Report abuse |
  7. sciihs1958

    The Hispanics breed faster than rats.
    They suck up welfare, clog our schools, overrun our hospitals.

    Stop the welfare give-a-way programs.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:39 pm | Report abuse |
  8. Tired Nurse

    Hispanics are outnumbering the Americans now because we are the ones working and paying into the system so they can draw our benefits. The working class can't afford more than one, we can't afford the daycare. No one should be on Medicare or any government assistance who can't speak English.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:40 pm | Report abuse |
  9. Serg


    July 14, 2011 at 6:40 pm | Report abuse |
  10. reader10

    Mexicans are stupid people.They come to America to demonstrate.In Mexico they are killing each other.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:40 pm | Report abuse |
  11. myke

    I sure hope there is enough landscape work, gaudy cars, and dirty restaurants and stores for them all!

    July 14, 2011 at 6:41 pm | Report abuse |
    • pierce

      Much the way there was enough plowing work, conestoga wagons and unkempt cabins when your ancestors invade my ancestorys' land when most of the U.S. belonged to Mexico and Spain.
      So, unlike other nativists here who want to be the last ones through the door, READ YOUR HISTORY AND GET EDUCATED FOR ONCE IN YOUR LIFE, PILGRIM!

      July 14, 2011 at 6:47 pm | Report abuse |
    • mr cabron

      Shame on you mf....

      July 14, 2011 at 6:57 pm | Report abuse |
    • beeeggs

      idk there are lots of hilarious ways to make fun of mexicans but this just kind of has me tilting my head?

      why would american-raised children have these jobs? i am so confused just try harder at being clever next time OK

      July 14, 2011 at 7:01 pm | Report abuse |
    • DMR

      Don't worry. In the 18th century, the natives made a series of poor strategic decisions by aligning themselves with the British and adopting scalping – the British were paying bounty per scalp. The immigrants finally pushed the natives by force into Oklahoma and Arizona territories. Today's nativists are similarly taking up the losing end of every possible strategic political decision, claiming to be superior while engaging in odious practices like shooting starving people in the desert. At least theyare doing everybody a favor by self segregating themselves into...interestingly enough...Arizona and Oklahoma.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:05 pm | Report abuse |
  12. Kay

    And our tax money paid for most of these births. Most of them are illegals or low income and we pay theirs and their multiple kids medical and food bills while we work 2 jobs to survive because we don't qualify.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:42 pm | Report abuse |
    • Headhunter

      They pay taxes Ex: sales tax, social security, Medicare then they don't get the benefits we US citizens get

      July 14, 2011 at 6:47 pm | Report abuse |
    • GBlane

      sick of that argument about what they pay. If you're illegal and working you're taking work from legal citizens and the businesses are probably paying you under the table..and ALSO paying no taxes. How is someone illegal and paying social security? With what ss number?!

      July 14, 2011 at 6:50 pm | Report abuse |
    • pierce

      PAYING FOR births? Another racist myth. Even if true, it seems a bargain for stealing Calif., Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, Florida and parts of Utah, Orgegon, Montana and Idaho.
      did your mom raise you to be this bitter? If so, go back to your native Bulgaria, Romania or Czechoslovakia or Russia so you can be among your own instead of decendants of invaders and land stealers.
      Read your U.S. history, eat your veggies and make peace with the fact that we are forging a new land and not your version of Centerville, USA.

      Oh, btw: We are laughing at your bitterness, Pilgrim.

      July 14, 2011 at 6:52 pm | Report abuse |
    • r

      kay come on man who the hell you kidding and the rest of you freeking whites. 20 years ago you were perfectly happy with this when you had them under control. lets face it this is like jurasic people wanted to keep them as perpetual forever pets.........lloll.....and the broke out. you people caused this.......with this labor experiment.

      and now 75 million by 2020. all becuase you wanted to save a buck.

      youll be lucky if there even one white family left in 2020.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:00 pm | Report abuse |
    • r

      but theres no way im not going to allow you people to tell me, that you didnt make a mistake with this experiment or i mean theres no way im going to allow any white person to tell me there werent playing mad scientist , or socially experimenting on some level...

      .by tolerating them in the 80's and 70's which i argue you were perfeclty happy when there numbers were low and "controllable" ...lloll....was the closest we could have been to getting rid of all them.

      i think white america needs to take a jurasic park type blame for this.....lloll....

      and admit they all played a hand in this....

      July 14, 2011 at 7:04 pm | Report abuse |
    • r

      the way i see it kay they re conquered there land in less than 30 years. with out fireing a shot. We cubans warned and warned and warned you people about these people. that they have 1500 years of conquering there blood. Our spaniards ancestors treated them the way they did for a reason.

      buttttttttttttttttttttttt no you guys wouldnt listen..................lloll...well now buddy boy you have...................a full scale myan andian aztec crisis on your hands.........lloll...

      me no cause im booking for austrilia in 5 they took you guys over in 25 years with out a shot. And with out resistance pitti full !!

      July 14, 2011 at 7:09 pm | Report abuse |
    • Af


      You obviously can't hold a job. Now, you want to blame others for your failure. Look around you. There are 3 million Americans who have a net worth of more than 1 million dollars...and that's excluding the equity in their homes. Those are the guys paying the taxes. They are not complaining.

      I'd be surprised if your taxes amounted to any significant portion of what the government takes in.

      That's the problem with tea partyists and nativists. You guys are all talk but when it comes time to act, no work, no brains, no $$$. What a bunch of losers.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:12 pm | Report abuse |
    • Rachel

      GBlane – they pay taxes under Tax ID Numbers given to them by the government. They can never collect these taxes paid into TINs. Plus, if they are getting paid under the table, who's paying them? Aren't they at fault for hiring illegals more so than illegals accepting work? Think about it...

      July 14, 2011 at 7:12 pm | Report abuse |
    • r

      idiots dont you understand. or you dont want to understand. You anglos have awoken an empire bent on re conquering there lands the issues of the day have nothing to do with the larger pciture. This is the Aztec Incan myan have awoken with you stupid tolerance and garbadge political correctness. they have retaken there former empire. yet you poeple continue to perfusely want to view this from an aspect of anchor babies illegal this or that.

      This is an empire on the move pal. When will you people recognize ....

      July 14, 2011 at 7:16 pm | Report abuse |
    • Sam

      Really? It is a good thing I go to work each day, because I have to support by my tax dollars, the idiots, like my neighbors [ who are white ] because they are considered too stupid to work and get SSI, and welfare and food stamps, all the while popping out kids who are as equally as stupid as their moron parents! Sorry there....but, the majority of people on the gimme a hand out all the time in my state, are white! Most all hispanics work! Case you never realized that! Stop being so racist and wake up!

      July 14, 2011 at 7:19 pm | Report abuse |
  13. Wildone

    Everybody just go back to Europe.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:44 pm | Report abuse |
    • Huh?

      I'm all for that. Maybe I could get welfare for the ten kids me and my wife plan on having once we get off the boat. Gotta do something to get by...

      July 14, 2011 at 7:34 pm | Report abuse |
  14. maria

    people are so stupid! and racist. Im disgusted by these comments. ive never heard mexicans gang up on white people like this people do to mexicans.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:44 pm | Report abuse |
    • Rachel

      Thing is that they only do it online. They are too scared to confront any Hispanic person and tell it to their face. So sad they have to live this way. I'd hate to feel such cowardness.

      Plus, should they approach with "go back to Mexico" an educated Hispanic can bury them with history.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:15 pm | Report abuse |
    • Sam

      Very is just an excuse for all the holier than thou to show how racist they are without being seen! It is called: " I am brave because I am hiding behind a computer and you can not kick my butt if you do not see me...." In all seriousness.....people should be grateful for a new generation of such beautiful children ! The hate makes me laugh, because jealousy is just so ugly, and the ugly can not compete with the beautiful!

      July 14, 2011 at 7:23 pm | Report abuse |
    • Huh?

      I told my wife to go back to Mexico just now. Hmm. She's not leaving. Oh she's just glaring at me. Maybe if I tell her in ESPANNOLES! I'm so gonna get smacked.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:36 pm | Report abuse |
    • JohnLI

      Stupid and racist? You should know since you have La Raza.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:49 pm | Report abuse |
  15. Troy from S'port

    Unless you are a full-blooded native American, you are here illegally.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:46 pm | Report abuse |
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