Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade
Mexican-American women accounted for 16% of the nation’s births in 2008.
July 14th, 2011
12:01 PM ET

Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade

Births have overtaken immigration as the driving force behind the growth of the Mexican-American population in the United States in the past decade, according to a report released Thursday by the Pew Hispanic Center.

The same can be said for the entire Hispanic population of the United States, which grew from 35.3 million in 2000 to 50.5 million in 2010, accounting for 16.3% of the U.S. population, according to U.S. Census Bureau data. About 58% of that growth resulted from births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

The trend is most evident among Mexican-Americans, whose numbers grew by 7.2 million as a result of births and 4.2 million from new immigrant arrivals in the past decade, reversing trends from the previous two decades, when the number of new immigrants matched or exceeded the number of births, the report says.

Mexican-Americans are the nation's largest Hispanic group,  at around 31.8 million, or 63% of the U.S. Hispanic population and 10% of the total U.S. population.

In the Pew report, the term Mexican-American applies to people of Mexican origin, regardless of immigration status. The study noted that in 2010, 52% of people of Mexican origin were in the U.S. illegally, and that 68% of births to undocumented aliens were to Mexican nationals.

What's behind the change?

Mexican-Americans are more likely than U.S.-born Americans to be in their prime child-bearing years, and they also have higher fertility rates, the report says. Another significant factor is a steep decline in Mexican immigration to the United States in recent years.

Hispanic births accounted for 25% of the nation’s newborns in 2008, the report says, citing statistics from the Centers for Disease Control. U.S. births are also disproportionately Mexican-American. While 10% of the nation’s population in 2008 was Mexican-American, 16% of the nation’s births were to Mexican-American mothers.

White children in the minority in 10 states

Meanwhile, the number of new immigrants arriving from Mexico fell by 60% between 2006 and 2010 because of declining job opportunities in the U.S., increased border enforcement and economic growth in Mexico, the report says, citing a previous Pew Hispanic Center study of Mexican immigration trends.

Age and fertility explain the high share of births among Mexican-Americans, the report says. On average, Mexican-Americans are younger than other major racial and ethnic groups, with a median age of 25, compared with 30 for non-Mexican-origin Hispanics and 41 for whites.

Mexican-American women also have more children than their counterparts in other racial and Hispanic origin groups. The typical Mexican-American woman between 40 and 44 has given birth to 2.5 children, compared with 2.3 children for the typical same-aged Hispanic woman and 1.8 children for the typical same-aged white woman, according to Pew Hispanic Center tabulations from the 2006 to 2010 June Fertility Supplements of the U.S. Current Population Survey.

The Hispanic share of the population is projected to rise from 16.3% in 2010 to 29% by the middle of this century, with the bulk of the future increase driven by births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

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Filed under: Census
soundoff (1,115 Responses)
  1. JohnLI

    It's the American people who are at fault here even more so than the illegals. Who do you think is giving these people jobs? That's right...Americans. Yes the government has failed us but the citizens failed us even more. When this country becomes the cesspit that Mexicans want it to be you can look back and blame it on the greedy Americans who enabled them.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:48 pm | Report abuse |
  2. r

    dude face facts. mexicans used a gap in white anglo history , gap being political correctness , and guiltyness and sympathy. and the blew a hole right through it. they exploited a momentary weakness in anglo culture and in? 30 years with out fireing a shot. they have re conquered half the land ceeded during the 16 th through 18 th century. they are Warriors aztecs , and myans , they have been doing this for 1500 years. You guys (whites) fell for there trap. by turning against the up bringing of your fore fathers. And then

    by adapting this silly stupdidity of political correctness guilt and sympathy and multi culturalisim. they saw the gap in anglo "unity".

    which is all it takes to bring down a great nation. and that was it the rest was history with out fireing a shot , with out an army with out nada.....

    you people through your weakness of purpose allowed this to happen. and now there basically nothing that can stop this train now pal. can you imagine 75 million latinos 2020. you better believe i am not finishing my career nor retireing here.....buddy boy.

    so im already shopping around for stronger anlgo democracies to live in. new zeland , norway finland austrilia.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:49 pm | Report abuse |
    • r

      but dont blame them. you can hate them all you like. but dont blame them cause you people caused this , by underestimating them no one ! else. you people you white tolerated the presence here. Cause you thought you were going to turn them into pets. And in less.....than 20 years. They have flipped the script so much. Your culture is on the verge of basically being erased. For sure your at least your domestic language economy and subsistance at the very least has been comprimised by them.

      now they are prob going to over run you


      jurasiac park .

      July 14, 2011 at 6:54 pm | Report abuse |
    • r

      so he heak you kidding. this is like jurasic park. you thought you gonna have mexicans as pets to do your lawns and garbadge for ever.

      but like in jurasic park they broke out lloll....

      my good ness...

      75 million.......later ........

      youll be lucky if one white guy is around.

      July 14, 2011 at 6:57 pm | Report abuse |
  3. happen


    July 14, 2011 at 6:50 pm | Report abuse |
  4. JoJo

    USA = Mexica within next 40 years. (not a typo) There will be no coming back for this country imo.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:51 pm | Report abuse |
  5. mcstang007

    Have you ever been to L.A? not only when i came here does no one speak English, but the fourth of July instead of American flags on the cars they were Mexican flags. IM NOT KIDDING. If you saw an American flag you would have to take a picture. These births are due to immigration! how many illegals are there? Something million right? Do you know how many kids they have? Its ridiculous. That means if this dream act crap were to happen. When your child goes to college and there's only few seats open to sign up for a class that they need to graduate, they would have to compete with the welp of an illegal immigrant. I feel awful for the people who go through the process and come in legally.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:54 pm | Report abuse |
    • pierce

      Have you ever been to Birmingham, Ala., or Brooklyn? I don't hear anybody speaking the Queen's English there, either, Mr. Linguist.

      Bitter, bitter, bitter.
      You have lost the demographics war and you know it.
      Embrace the change. If not, there is always Europe (but not Spain; they would look down on you, turista) for you.

      July 14, 2011 at 6:57 pm | Report abuse |
    • Huh?

      They do that crap everywhere on the 4th, bro. Not only do they help bankrupt the state but the disrespect the country that supports them and their families. I know the deal. I'd only been in San Jose for a year before I knew where they could get fake IDs, and they would solicit people right out in the open in broad daylight. Problem is that all those jobs that have been created to support the Mexican (Spanish-speaking) community would have to go away, whether they are public or private sector. You take away the people who drive the necessity and thousands...maybe tens of thousands will be out of work. Local agencies are well aware of this and the state isn't doing enough to audit the local agencies. Plenty of taxpayer dollars to go around paying these people. It's big business! But those getting the bennies are obviously never going to reciprocate, so it's a drain game. We're tapped out, people. But for some reason no one seems to get it yet.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:22 pm | Report abuse |
    • Qwerty


      July 14, 2011 at 7:37 pm | Report abuse |
    • Aron Martinez

      Somethings you just dont understand there is a purpose to everything. The dream act will pass beacuse it is gods' will.

      July 14, 2011 at 8:03 pm | Report abuse |
  6. pierce

    I bet Hitler would have loved you. His views and your views of humanity mesh very well.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:54 pm | Report abuse |
  7. readeronit

    Emerson, ,seriously, you are in denial, please examine yourself. I have seen in at my County Hospital too , stop going around the bush . This is ridiculous.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:57 pm | Report abuse |
  8. Proud Mexican

    I am an american but was born in Mexico. I came to this country learned the language, went to college and got a high paying job making over $100,000 a year. The odds were stacked up against me yet I have been able to over come adversity. I did not get any better treatment than the person next to me. I making sure my children get the education needed so they have a better chance than me. Stop complaining and get educated so you don't have to compete for gardening, cooking, and cleaning jobs. God knows that is why everyone complains about us Mexicanos.

    July 14, 2011 at 6:59 pm | Report abuse |
    • Huh?

      I'm glad you're educated and proud. You should be. Now maybe you could educate some of your peeps so that they'll go get a work visa and a green card instead of welfare, or the $10 an hour they'll make as a day laborer standing in front of Home Depot.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:26 pm | Report abuse |
  9. Mmmmm

    I can't believe all the idiots who over look this beautiful baby just to talk trash...hey beautiful! hey beautiful! my tamales!

    July 14, 2011 at 7:00 pm | Report abuse |
  10. JH

    Breaking news! Heavy breathing caused my increased air intake! Also breaking news...racism is rampant in America!

    July 14, 2011 at 7:04 pm | Report abuse |
  11. tldixon

    Viva la pinche mojados!

    July 14, 2011 at 7:05 pm | Report abuse |
    • Huh?

      All just a buncha of pochos now, homie.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:39 pm | Report abuse |
  12. A Be Nur

    As a Mexican American, seeing so much hate on this stream, simply reinforces on how the Ultra Rich make Blue Collar Americans think Illegals stole their jobs. Yeah like any public high school student was wishing to work on a farm for minimum wage! You were traded in for profits not people...

    July 14, 2011 at 7:07 pm | Report abuse |
    • Aron Martinez

      Everything has a purpose.

      July 14, 2011 at 8:06 pm | Report abuse |
    • Aron Martinez

      The dream act will pass because it is gods' will.

      July 14, 2011 at 8:07 pm | Report abuse |
  13. Salero 21

    mmm... could it be that "whites" are or have become sterile, or they are killing their unborn more often than Not, or they are eating their children in some eating binge, or are killing them in FL. Or they rather have a pool to look at in the backyard, a new car every 3 years, new furniture every 5 years, or 2 or 3 dogs to call "our babies" or whatever have you!!

    I mean something got to give! It just can't be only due to the fact, that Mexicanas are more fertile. Or maybe Mexicans, Hispanics or Latinos (whatever you called them) just love their children more, or just Love children. Or see their children as they should be seen; "the Future". Something got to give!

    July 14, 2011 at 7:09 pm | Report abuse |
    • SpanishMakesMeGag

      As economic status and education go down, birth rates (crimes committed) go up.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:12 pm | Report abuse |
    • Rachel

      Wrong, babyboomers come from a poor economic time and most of their parents were uneducated. Get your facts straight. Only because you believe something doesn't make it true. Plus, if you don't like the statistics, get out of this country and save us and yourself the annoyance of your existance.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:19 pm | Report abuse |
    • jmdiaz

      I'm a Hispanic woman with two college degrees. My husband is also Hispanic with a college education. We decided early on in our relationship to not have children. There are exceptions to every generalization.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:29 pm | Report abuse |
    • Sam

      LOL! You are too funny! But, you hit on right on target! Yeah....NOT just infertile, but they all have to have Invitro [ because they can not even make children in a normal manner without help ] , then men all need Viagra, because they can not even function properly....and lets not face the jealous women, who all have to have face lifts, lip injections, butt injections, fake boobs, fake hair....and a fake tan to pretend they are a color other than white!, all the while being envious of latinos , african americans, and asians!

      July 14, 2011 at 7:34 pm | Report abuse |
    • Moses Guthrie

      I think it's called 'Birth Control'. Many civilizations have believed that they can 'Take Over' the world by reproducing to get a larger population. What really happens is they become 3rd World Countries, who can't feed or take care of their own children. You're much better off controlling your population (like China's old 1-per rule). China is doing great now! I see too many kids being raised by their grandparents because their parents are just kids themselves (makin' more kids). It all works out though, they'll raise their gradkids and the cycle will continue.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:35 pm | Report abuse |
    • JohnLI

      Yes that's a great future you built for yourself in Mexico...good job!

      July 14, 2011 at 7:37 pm | Report abuse |
    • Miquel

      Why are the majority of Anchor babies the spawn of
      ILLEGAL AND UNMARRIED LATINOS while in the USA -especially-
      must be the ONLY way they can apply for those SUPERSIZED WELFARE benefits
      by creating children.
      WHERE are the "DADS"
      in all of this junk ? ___why dont the States persue them like the Courts
      persue DeadBeat Divorced fathers for the costs to the TAX PAYERS..??
      IF they took the time they would
      locate the dead beat Anchor Dads right under the same roof with
      WE ARE PAYING FOR EACH MONTH-more freebies Americans cant afford.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:48 pm | Report abuse |
  14. Bill

    You no you cant just go to Canada or Mexico with out applying for citizenship and have a dozen kids. If thats the case just might do so!

    July 14, 2011 at 7:10 pm | Report abuse |
    • Rachel

      Actually yes you can. Canada has a guest-worker program with a path to citizenship. One can enter illegally but start the process to become legal. Canadians know what their doing, whether you like to admit it or not.

      I have no clue about Mexico, nor do I care.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:24 pm | Report abuse |
  15. Carolyn

    Read your comment "Queenold80." I have you know that the Blacks in Atlanta, GA, are some of the richest people in the U.S. If you think I am a racist, then you need to drive down there and listen to those folks. I'll bet you are Black, probably not highly educated and sound like you might be just a little jealous of others who are more educated. By using the people in Atlanta, I am making a point that it does not matter what color you are, if you want it bad enough, go get it. Those people are highly educated, run the most prestiges of companies, and have no use for individuals like yourself who thinks it is fine to have a minumum wage job.

    That is why it sucks to have people here in our great land that just take all the freebies for granted. Give something back to this country, or get out of it. That includes you!

    July 14, 2011 at 7:11 pm | Report abuse |
    • Miquel

      "Mexicans are the most hypocritical people on this planet:

      They claim their allegiance and home to be Mexico, but they flee Mexico.

      They call white Americans "ignorant racists" because they don't know Spanish , yet can't or refuse to understand English themselves.

      They say they are all innocent immigrants and demand Amnesty, when Mexico deports and treats their illegals like crap and would never consider amnesty.

      They claim to be natives to America and tell white Americans to go back to Europe, when in fact they are descendants of Europe and speak a European language themselves.

      They say they do the jobs Americans don't want, but will gladly steal your Social Security number to get a job that only should or can be given to Americans. (You dont need a SSN to work in the fields)

      They root against USA in every sport or event, yet they come here to make their lives better.

      They say they help the US economy, but send half of their income back to Mexico.

      They claim they are too poor to pay the fees to come into the U.S. legally, but will pay twice as much for a coyote to sneak them into the country.

      I can go on forever....." 'Kinda says it all for some of them.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:50 pm | Report abuse |
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