Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade
Mexican-American women accounted for 16% of the nation’s births in 2008.
July 14th, 2011
12:01 PM ET

Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade

Births have overtaken immigration as the driving force behind the growth of the Mexican-American population in the United States in the past decade, according to a report released Thursday by the Pew Hispanic Center.

The same can be said for the entire Hispanic population of the United States, which grew from 35.3 million in 2000 to 50.5 million in 2010, accounting for 16.3% of the U.S. population, according to U.S. Census Bureau data. About 58% of that growth resulted from births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

The trend is most evident among Mexican-Americans, whose numbers grew by 7.2 million as a result of births and 4.2 million from new immigrant arrivals in the past decade, reversing trends from the previous two decades, when the number of new immigrants matched or exceeded the number of births, the report says.

Mexican-Americans are the nation's largest Hispanic group,  at around 31.8 million, or 63% of the U.S. Hispanic population and 10% of the total U.S. population.

In the Pew report, the term Mexican-American applies to people of Mexican origin, regardless of immigration status. The study noted that in 2010, 52% of people of Mexican origin were in the U.S. illegally, and that 68% of births to undocumented aliens were to Mexican nationals.

What's behind the change?

Mexican-Americans are more likely than U.S.-born Americans to be in their prime child-bearing years, and they also have higher fertility rates, the report says. Another significant factor is a steep decline in Mexican immigration to the United States in recent years.

Hispanic births accounted for 25% of the nation’s newborns in 2008, the report says, citing statistics from the Centers for Disease Control. U.S. births are also disproportionately Mexican-American. While 10% of the nation’s population in 2008 was Mexican-American, 16% of the nation’s births were to Mexican-American mothers.

White children in the minority in 10 states

Meanwhile, the number of new immigrants arriving from Mexico fell by 60% between 2006 and 2010 because of declining job opportunities in the U.S., increased border enforcement and economic growth in Mexico, the report says, citing a previous Pew Hispanic Center study of Mexican immigration trends.

Age and fertility explain the high share of births among Mexican-Americans, the report says. On average, Mexican-Americans are younger than other major racial and ethnic groups, with a median age of 25, compared with 30 for non-Mexican-origin Hispanics and 41 for whites.

Mexican-American women also have more children than their counterparts in other racial and Hispanic origin groups. The typical Mexican-American woman between 40 and 44 has given birth to 2.5 children, compared with 2.3 children for the typical same-aged Hispanic woman and 1.8 children for the typical same-aged white woman, according to Pew Hispanic Center tabulations from the 2006 to 2010 June Fertility Supplements of the U.S. Current Population Survey.

The Hispanic share of the population is projected to rise from 16.3% in 2010 to 29% by the middle of this century, with the bulk of the future increase driven by births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

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Filed under: Census
soundoff (1,115 Responses)
  1. mother

    I work in a County Hospital, in the female section, most Mexicans illegals, the woman have a baby every year even 10 months after birth, this anchor babies come with a check, free medical, dental, food stamps, welfare, free lunches, money for transportation to doctors visits.
    They are born to different fathers, venereal diseases are common. I met several women with aids that have at 25, 5 or more kids, all develop aids, because sick the mothers get more money.
    In my State we can not tell partners that the women have aids, usually they find out when the babay is born.
    No country in the world grant citizenship at birth to children born to illegals.
    Their men are irresponsable that want us the tax payer to pay.
    They have children at 12 or less, they do not understand that in this country it is illegal, the only way to stop is call your Senators and Congressman and ask to put a stop to anchor babies.

    July 14, 2011 at 1:38 pm | Report abuse |
    • Dr Perry Fisher

      Iagree with all you have said.The average US Senator/Representative is concerned about getting reelected and will not put an end to this mess

      July 14, 2011 at 1:52 pm | Report abuse |
    • Chuckie M

      BOO HISS BOO HISS!! Your time will come for judgement and I assure you, you will fail.

      July 14, 2011 at 2:04 pm | Report abuse |
    • Emerson

      Actually @mother every country in the world has it . If u were born there its Ur birth right its universal law what are u a janitor at the count hospital get informed

      July 14, 2011 at 2:06 pm | Report abuse |
  2. S-cali

    And who's paying for all those anchor babies??

    July 14, 2011 at 1:39 pm | Report abuse |
    • Emerson

      I'm an investor and comin sense will tell u its quicker to legally be a us citizen by applying than a 21yr investment on a child

      July 14, 2011 at 2:09 pm | Report abuse |
    • Polly

      Emerson,did you try to use California as an example of your "investments"?

      July 14, 2011 at 5:48 pm | Report abuse |
  3. yay

    Some of yall are racists don't feel sorry for yourselves and try and be a good person you don't fool anyone!

    July 14, 2011 at 1:39 pm | Report abuse |
    • Common Sense

      I honestly don't think it has anything to do with race... It just so happens that most illegal immigrants who suck up all our resources and don't give anything back are Mexicans.

      I really like seeing successful, hardworking Mexicans that contribute to society. I have no problem with anyone who is willing and capable of contributing.

      July 14, 2011 at 4:36 pm | Report abuse |
  4. Philip

    The Alamo had exactly ZERO to do with the United States of America. It was nothing more than a bunch of Americans who left the USA in favor of free land being offered by the Mexican Government to anyone who would settle on it, all they had to do was pay the taxes. When the American-Mexicans refused to pay, the Mexican army was called upon to try and collect. The American-Mexicans pleaded with Uncle Sam to help...nothing doing. US doesn't take kindly to tax-dodgers, as many of us know. (unless you happen to be an illegally imported slave, then it doesn't matter if you pay taxes. You are a slave)

    July 14, 2011 at 1:41 pm | Report abuse |
  5. @Emerson

    A proud culture? Not too proud to sneak in, huh? Not too proud to cash the beautiful US checks, huh? Not too proud to stay in your proud, cultural country, huh? Not too proud to stop having babies at taxpayer's expense, huh? Please!!!!

    July 14, 2011 at 1:48 pm | Report abuse |
    • Emerson

      My question is how do they get those checks with no SS? Does our government NOT know who it citizens are? And taxes they pay taxes and can't even claim them us treasury has billions of unclaimed income tax the gets pumped back into the economy if not clAimed within 3-5yrs

      July 14, 2011 at 2:15 pm | Report abuse |
  6. Mekell

    Neither party is more interested in immigration reform than the possible votes they can get. I have no problem with anyone who'll pay their share.

    July 14, 2011 at 1:49 pm | Report abuse |
  7. jose barron

    Instead of standing together (all americans of all races) to solve our problems of our nation, we sit here and express our own opinions about other races. Which will get us no were it is simply these devils that keep our minds filled with hate and racism to side track us from the important

    July 14, 2011 at 1:49 pm | Report abuse |
  8. Mekell

    I was told, possibly incorrectly, that the Alamo was about Mexicans tiring of Americans pushing them off of "their" land,

    July 14, 2011 at 1:56 pm | Report abuse |
  9. SideOfBacon

    never understood a country founded by immigration by everyone being here illegally now feels they have the right to police their borders. the billions we spend to keep them out, could be billions spent on much more severe issues this nation faces. I am not saying open the floodgates as we still have outside parties that want to come to this country to harm and/or destroy it, but the hispanic population is just trying to live the same american dream we all currently live, and the one our ancestors decided they wanted when the boated to this country from the poverty and/or war stricken situations they were faced with...

    July 14, 2011 at 2:02 pm | Report abuse |
  10. Bribarian

    I'm real happy america has become the breeding ground for the rest of the world. Probably just a coincidence the economy is tanking right about the same time.

    July 14, 2011 at 2:02 pm | Report abuse |
  11. lefty

    The sooner white people stop saying my country and say our nation we can have a respectful conversation. native americans welcomed you to this great land . In return you made them irrelevant in their own land. Do you have the nightmare, one day whites will be irrelevant politically &economically? Well we may need to learn to respect one another first . White americans came to is land looking for the same freedom as the mexican ,asian, african. This country can be even greater and have enough for every one. But first stop saying my. Its our nation .

    July 14, 2011 at 2:07 pm | Report abuse |
    • dingledorf

      open arms? how then I ask were they able to hold onto their tomahawks and bow and arrows?

      July 14, 2011 at 6:18 pm | Report abuse |
    • Reason

      I don't think Whites would have a problem if EVERY SINGLE hispanic country weren't a filthy cesspool. There are two Anglo countries in the western hemisphere and they're both prosperous first world nations. Meanwhile, there are 2-3 dozen hispanic countries, and they are all cesspits.

      What do you think the USA will look like when it becomes a Hispanic nation?

      July 14, 2011 at 6:22 pm | Report abuse |
    • average mom

      Just like Mexico... dirty.

      July 14, 2011 at 8:59 pm | Report abuse |
    • Some Reality Check

      Now you realize that this country was "Half Mexican, Spanish and French before it was taken over Manifest Destiny and the so called heroes at the Alamo? The first coin to be circulated after 1776 was the Mexican Peso. And partially the current Narco wars are caused by Americans consuming 70b worth of illegal drugs. Before you post Ignorant blanket statements- catch up on some facts

      July 15, 2011 at 2:46 pm | Report abuse |
    • Sanity

      Before you go calling every Hispanic country a cesspool, go catch up on your research. Much of America's imports come from Hispanic countries. Last time I checked many of the imports didn't include sewage.

      July 15, 2011 at 12:16 am | Report abuse |
    • Comonsns

      If it wasnt for the white man, this country would still be nothing but plain fields with animals roaming it and ZERO economic development (take a look at ANY land American Indians still own today)......the white man built this country and the Mexicans are gonna destroy it.....not sure why everyone cant just admit it

      July 14, 2011 at 6:28 pm | Report abuse |
    • I hate Bigots!

      The white man built this country??? Hahahaha....correction.. slaves built this country, not to mention, the countless inventions by African Americans you ignorant bigot.

      July 14, 2011 at 6:45 pm | Report abuse |
    • mcstang007

      African Americans went through more than hell. BIG FACTOR in this nation. From the Tuskegee airmen to the Wars and inventions African Americans were a big part in shaping the country. All that people worked for now, all the hard working people, your ancestors, my ancestors, All now are literally being taken over by illegal immigration. Jobs, school, you name it. Legal citizens of all walks of life need to stop this. It is now out of control. I have friends of all nationalities Iranian, Italian, Affrican, Jewish, Hispanic. its spitting on what this country.

      July 14, 2011 at 6:58 pm | Report abuse |
    • sweetdee

      I totally agree with you on that I'm a young black man and it it angers me that people that are here illegally go out and protest, demands rights, and act like they've had some type of injustice done to them. When there here illegally like you can't demand citizenship when you broke the law and act like your rights are being violated. Americans should stand together and tell these illegals no you can't have citizenship.

      July 14, 2011 at 9:10 pm | Report abuse |
    • Angel

      Wow!!! So tell me when the blacks were slaves and brought here illegally on a boat. Why did they start asking for rights??? Wow a black racist too funny

      July 16, 2011 at 7:13 am | Report abuse |
    • john cale

      Yes, we can't forget those great innovations in peanuts

      July 14, 2011 at 7:17 pm | Report abuse |
    • alan varela

      I couldn't agree more.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:37 pm | Report abuse |
    • Bribarian

      lol, if slaves built the country, why doesn't africa look like america?

      July 14, 2011 at 8:14 pm | Report abuse |
    • Jeff

      Enjoying your freedom of speech? It was written into law by white men. Like riding around in Trains, Planes, and Automobiles? They were invented by white people. Electricity, Plumbing? Yep, those too. Slaves may have helped build the South, but up here in the North white people worked their own land or hired help. Yes, the Slaves worked the cotton fields to product clothing, but not all clothing is made from cotton, you Bigot.

      July 14, 2011 at 11:50 pm | Report abuse |
    • Joe

      Um....any land that the native Americans are on today is by definition useless land. That's where they were put–on the worst land available that no one else wanted. It wasn't exactly their choice. You can hardly blame them for their lands being undeveloped.

      July 14, 2011 at 8:47 pm | Report abuse |
    • voter

      How are the Mexicans gonna destroy it???can you answer that because I'd really like to know. Seriously, I really would like to know.

      July 14, 2011 at 9:58 pm | Report abuse |
    • voter

      Seriously, I'd like to know how the Mexicans are gonna destroy America. I'm not being sarcastic, I really want to know.

      July 14, 2011 at 10:02 pm | Report abuse |
    • ava

      This is what is destroying America. filthy hispanics, mexicans breeding like roaches. none none none of them work, they either just lay around or walk around pushing baby strollers with little roaches. none of them pay taxes and all are on public assistance. if one doesnt have insurance then one should not have a roach let alone more than 2 roaches. none of these people have any class or shame. we working people are paying their way. what do do think will happen to america once the hisoanics and mexicans overpopulate? america will look like mexico, where there is nothing put filth, poverty and murder. america will be one giant ghetto.

      July 15, 2011 at 12:12 am | Report abuse |
    • lori

      Ava you can't spell for nothing to help so keep quiet with your ignorance please you rat

      July 15, 2011 at 12:31 am | Report abuse |
    • realnative

      My fist would so love to meet you ava. Sounds like you got a pair of internet ball but thats about it. You have no respect for humans at all.....your complete trash.

      July 15, 2011 at 12:51 am | Report abuse |
    • voter

      I dare you to go out there rite now and say that to a mexicans face, and see what happens... Don't trash talk or post another comment, just go out there and say it to their face...

      July 15, 2011 at 10:43 am | Report abuse |
    • voter

      @ ava why don't you say that to a mexicans face rite now and see what happens instead of posting comments .. and don't come back trash talking until you've done it..

      July 15, 2011 at 10:49 am | Report abuse |
    • Noel

      Ava, as a California Native in a high hispanic area I assure you that there is equal, if not greater white trash, than brown trash. Illegals are not living on government assistance (you can't get any significant govt aid if you are not a citizen). In 35 years here I can't remember the last time a hispanic homeless person asked me for change, as opposed to the almost biweeekly white person. And I have never seen one hispanic crackhead or tweeker in my life. Whites are the original illegal immigrants, are currently damaging our country more via cultural and political means than any mexican I have ever seen. Wasn't it whites who said Love it ot Leave it? Time to man up.

      July 15, 2011 at 10:50 am | Report abuse |
    • voter

      @ ava why don't you say that to a mexicans face and c what happens, instead of posting racist comments. And do come back trash talking until you've done it...

      July 15, 2011 at 10:52 am | Report abuse |
    • voter

      Why don't you say that to a mexicans face instead of posting racist comments.

      July 15, 2011 at 10:58 am | Report abuse |
    • Name*jay

      Completely agree

      July 16, 2011 at 7:28 am | Report abuse |
    • sugarmama

      You say fields and animals like it's a bad thing.

      July 15, 2011 at 12:16 am | Report abuse |
    • Al Sanchez

      Oh, give me a break! We don't have enough land for everyone, especially poor and undereducated people like the south of the border folks! Stop being PC about the whole thing and tell it like it is! Enough of the pandering and "We all need to get a long" crap! You want them so bad? - please, take them into your homes and support them, all of them!!! Then we'll see how long your line of bull will last!

      Al Sanchez

      July 14, 2011 at 6:28 pm | Report abuse |
    • pierce

      Well, Mr. "Sanchez" (not his real name), there was not enough land when the 49ers and the Alamo insurrectionists invaded the south and the southwest. But, came they did.

      Read your history, Mr. "Sanchez". Oh, right, your mom didn't think education was important.


      July 14, 2011 at 7:00 pm | Report abuse |
    • Cornelio

      I've spent much time with many cultural groups of this great nation. I've listened with open ears to just about every side of this whole immigration issue. Would you belive it that there are illegals here who truly embrace this country as their own? It's almost as though they had no choice when they were brought over by their parents as children. All of a sudden their papers expire. What will they say? Madre its time to go back home? They grew up here. They have learned English. They've paid taxes when they work legit jobs and buy things from stores. They have gone through schools and many times succeed better than their legal counterparts. It's not their fault they're here illegally, yet they still get deported to a country they have no knowledge of. A country they don't ever want to go to. They love this great country. And would you belive it, they can't stand illegals who come here, live seven deep in an apt for two, send all their paychecks to their mother countries, then self deport when it's time. Those are the ones who have no love for this country.

      July 14, 2011 at 10:30 pm | Report abuse |
    • lori

      Yet they are uneducated american highschool drop outs so shut the f-up

      July 15, 2011 at 4:44 pm | Report abuse |
    • Kano

      But you are a troll, not an American.

      July 14, 2011 at 6:32 pm | Report abuse |
    • myke

      Wow, your ignorance is amazing!! The American Indians did NOT welcome the English. Read up on your history Sparky.

      July 14, 2011 at 6:44 pm | Report abuse |
    • realnative

      They did at first.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:34 pm | Report abuse |
    • Souix/Cheyenne Girl

      My people did not build pyramids, practice human sacrifice, or canniballism. If this is your country then where is the evidence?

      July 14, 2011 at 8:09 pm | Report abuse |
    • texan

      i agree that the US is our nation. but only those that are true citizens of this country have the right to say our nation.

      July 14, 2011 at 9:44 pm | Report abuse |
    • ray ray beatz

      truth be told, w h i t e s will always own this nation. period. s p i c o s can always crap children, but if they are d u m b e r than their previous generation, then they are insigificant

      July 15, 2011 at 3:17 am | Report abuse |
    • humtake

      Actually, saying "my country" involves pride. Every American citizen is allowed to say this. Blacks, whites, reds, yellow, etc. My country means the person has pride that they live here. It has nothing to do with what they think of others and I'm not sure how you even came up with that. Saying "my country" doesn't denote any negative connotation, so I'm not sure what you are arguing. Now, if they said "My white country" or "My black country", then I can understand your rant. It sounds like you are a liberal socialist who wants everyone to be the exact same, hold hands, and sing kumbaya while our tax rates are 60% and people can choose not to work and still live a good life. I have no problem with that, but it has nothing to do with "my country"

      July 15, 2011 at 8:44 am | Report abuse |
    • whydowehave2gothere?

      I love your point Lefty I think more people need to realize that..Native Americans were the first Indigenous people here..the white europeans were the ones that came in and staked their claims to a land that was not theirs...and when looking at old historical maps they did the same to Mexican indians because Mexico came all the way up close to colorado....look at the names of the cities and states mostly derived from spanish and Indian meanings....why? Because we were here FIRST!

      July 16, 2011 at 8:37 am | Report abuse |
    • Dick Hertz

      I served "My" Country twice and will still defend it against it's enemies. I didn't serve for Mexican Nationals either. We all see what Mexicans have done for L.A. and Houston. I wouldn't live in either. Enemies. At least that's what I'd call someone who's invaded and is trying to take over Our Country.

      July 18, 2011 at 10:18 pm | Report abuse |
  12. @Emerson

    No, actually every country does not.
    And most countries have stricter laws in place for people who are even considering having an anchor baby.

    July 14, 2011 at 2:08 pm | Report abuse |
  13. @lefty

    And our ancestors came here legally. That's the difference.

    July 14, 2011 at 2:09 pm | Report abuse |
  14. Karen Cerrato

    It is what it is....Go to your local ER and check out those percentages of people. The number of immigrants, who present to the hospital are staggering. Moslty all of them are on Medical, state goverment insurance, paid by the taxpayer's of our great nation. I've seen them with their cell phones,gold earrings, mainicured French tip fake nails, BeBe clothes and drive SUV's.They don't have Social Security numbers ( I have seen their info ) and yet they live on food stamps and free health care coverage. What's up with, that ? No, offense against children, but you see mothers with 3 or 4 kids and she's preganant with another one on the way. Who pays for their hospital stay and the large cost of delivery ? the answer is loud and clear, !!! Read the percentages again in the article, it is clear and I did'nt come up with those statistics... Sad, very sad. Especially, when so many American's ,who want health insurance and can't afford to get it because the State looks at your finances and they say " Oops, you make just a little to much money", I know because I've seen it all before. When will it end ?

    July 14, 2011 at 2:10 pm | Report abuse |
  15. @Emerson

    Really? Because it's the us taxpayers paying for that "investment". If it were'nt so, why are illegals so eager to get here before they give birth?

    July 14, 2011 at 2:11 pm | Report abuse |
    • Emerson

      God will forgive u for Ur incompetence (common sense) that investment is foolish 24k a Ur to raise a child a yr give or take not including other expenses its cheaper to pay a lawyer 50k throughout the whole process than to pay 504,000 total to raise Ur child for those 21yr not exact # but giving u some figure to work with illegals aren't stupid

      July 14, 2011 at 2:23 pm | Report abuse |
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