Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade
Mexican-American women accounted for 16% of the nation’s births in 2008.
July 14th, 2011
12:01 PM ET

Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade

Births have overtaken immigration as the driving force behind the growth of the Mexican-American population in the United States in the past decade, according to a report released Thursday by the Pew Hispanic Center.

The same can be said for the entire Hispanic population of the United States, which grew from 35.3 million in 2000 to 50.5 million in 2010, accounting for 16.3% of the U.S. population, according to U.S. Census Bureau data. About 58% of that growth resulted from births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

The trend is most evident among Mexican-Americans, whose numbers grew by 7.2 million as a result of births and 4.2 million from new immigrant arrivals in the past decade, reversing trends from the previous two decades, when the number of new immigrants matched or exceeded the number of births, the report says.

Mexican-Americans are the nation's largest Hispanic group,  at around 31.8 million, or 63% of the U.S. Hispanic population and 10% of the total U.S. population.

In the Pew report, the term Mexican-American applies to people of Mexican origin, regardless of immigration status. The study noted that in 2010, 52% of people of Mexican origin were in the U.S. illegally, and that 68% of births to undocumented aliens were to Mexican nationals.

What's behind the change?

Mexican-Americans are more likely than U.S.-born Americans to be in their prime child-bearing years, and they also have higher fertility rates, the report says. Another significant factor is a steep decline in Mexican immigration to the United States in recent years.

Hispanic births accounted for 25% of the nation’s newborns in 2008, the report says, citing statistics from the Centers for Disease Control. U.S. births are also disproportionately Mexican-American. While 10% of the nation’s population in 2008 was Mexican-American, 16% of the nation’s births were to Mexican-American mothers.

White children in the minority in 10 states

Meanwhile, the number of new immigrants arriving from Mexico fell by 60% between 2006 and 2010 because of declining job opportunities in the U.S., increased border enforcement and economic growth in Mexico, the report says, citing a previous Pew Hispanic Center study of Mexican immigration trends.

Age and fertility explain the high share of births among Mexican-Americans, the report says. On average, Mexican-Americans are younger than other major racial and ethnic groups, with a median age of 25, compared with 30 for non-Mexican-origin Hispanics and 41 for whites.

Mexican-American women also have more children than their counterparts in other racial and Hispanic origin groups. The typical Mexican-American woman between 40 and 44 has given birth to 2.5 children, compared with 2.3 children for the typical same-aged Hispanic woman and 1.8 children for the typical same-aged white woman, according to Pew Hispanic Center tabulations from the 2006 to 2010 June Fertility Supplements of the U.S. Current Population Survey.

The Hispanic share of the population is projected to rise from 16.3% in 2010 to 29% by the middle of this century, with the bulk of the future increase driven by births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

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Filed under: Census
soundoff (1,115 Responses)
  1. Jose Texas

    How about Hispanic teen girls having kids.

    July 15, 2011 at 9:27 am | Report abuse |
  2. JP

    You're plan to colonize this country from the inside is working out brilliantly, well played. You illegally immigrate to the U.S., have an army of little mexican babies, and since they're U.S. citizens now being born here (even though the parents are not), they can utilize free school lunches, food stamps, WIC, medicaid, and welfare, all at the expense of the legal, U.S. taxpayer who makes the responsible decision to practice a little BIRTH CONTROL since they know it's irresponsible to have 6 kids while trying to carry on a career and be successful at both. But the illegal mexicans don't have to worry about that b/c their illegal husbands are just out working on a job site getting paid in cash, while the wives sit at home with the 6 babies collecting government assistance. Neither are paying any taxes to give back to the system. Like i said...well played Mexico.

    Now that i think about it...we have been focusing on iran/iraq/afghanistan/pakistan because they hate us and want to kill america, but are half a world away making it all but impossible for them to infiltrate out country more than 1 or 2 rogue terrorist at a time....all the while, Mexicans have been infiltrating the borders for years by the millions, having tens of millions more babies, and have successfully become the majority in multiple states in the US??? Hmmmmm, seems they are quietly taking over our country 1 (2,3,4 million) mexican babies at a time until there's so many of them it's too late, and this country becomes the United States of Mexico. I don't want to live in mexico, but then again......neither do the mexicans?

    July 15, 2011 at 9:34 am | Report abuse |
    • kleentx

      Where are your ancestors from, JP? Were they Native American Indians? If not, then every member of your family is a product of birthright citizenship. When your ancestors arrived in this country on a boat, they came here for a better life AND because their children, grandchildren and so on would automatically be American citizens. I wonder if you could pass the citizenship test if you took it today...

      July 15, 2011 at 10:00 am | Report abuse |
  3. kleentx

    "In the Pew report, the term Mexican-American applies to people of Mexican origin, regardless of immigration status." That's a lie. A person can only be a "Mexican-American" if they are of Mexican origin but born in the USA or have become American citizens legally. People who are Mexican-American are legal US citizens period. This is a ridiculous article. The majority of population growth of EVERY ethnicity will be from births in this country because the entire USA is made up of varying ethnic origins. Unless your ancestry is Native American, your ancestors came to this country from some other country in the world, in other words they were immigrants. As for those of you who now think that birthright citizenship should be done away with, remember that you, yourself, would not be a citizen of this great nation if your parents, grandparents, or even great-grandparents had not enjoyed this right in the past. Do a little geneology research into your own family's past and then think about where you might be if your ancestors had decided not to come to America for a better life.

    July 15, 2011 at 9:51 am | Report abuse |
  4. MexicanAmerican&HeretoStay

    When are you Mexican trash talking ignorant fools going to realize that we Mexican's dont give a crap about what you think about us. We dont need your approval, never have and never will. So cry all you want..hate all you want...insult all you want..it only makes us laugh even HARDER!! We're not going anywhere and the sooner you come to terms with that the better off you and your children will be. Hell, i bet some of your children will end up dating, sleeping, marrying one of these 'dirty mexicans' as some as you say. So many unhappy people on here, always looking for someone else to blame.
    Gotta run now and catch a flight to Cancun (VIVA MEXICO!!!) and see Shakira in concert this weekend. Don't worry though, i'll be back on Tuesday. And whatever wishes you may wish on me, I wish them on you as well. Deuces!

    July 15, 2011 at 9:54 am | Report abuse |
  5. D

    Once religion stop preaching that using rubbers from time to time is the work of the devil...this will continue to rise. I highly doubt these people want this many children...but they are devout in their beliefs. Their beliefs tell the to procreate, don't use birth control, and the magic man in the sky will take care of them. The problem is the American tax payer is that magic man in the sky.

    July 15, 2011 at 9:55 am | Report abuse |
  6. MexicanAmerican&HeretoStay

    When are you Mexican trash talking ignorant fools going to realize that we Mexican's dont give a crap about what you think about us. We dont need your approval, never have and never will. So cry all you want..hate all you want...insult all you want..it only makes us laugh even HARDER!! We're not going anywhere and the sooner you come to terms with that the better off you and your children will be. Hell, i bet some of your children will end up dating, sleeping, marrying one of these 'dirty mexicans' as some as you say. So many unhappy people on here, always looking for someone else to blame.
    Gotta run now and catch a flight to Cancun (VIVA MEXICO!!!) and see Shakira in concert this weekend. Don't worry though, i'll be back on Tuesday. And whatever wishes you may wish on me, I wish them on you as well. Deuces!

    July 15, 2011 at 9:56 am | Report abuse |
    • LATIN LOVER

      IGNORANTS label alll the LATINOS as "Mexicans". Any way, the reality is that the USA CENSUS refer to the Hispanics in general as Natives.

      July 15, 2011 at 10:02 am | Report abuse |
    • Frankie

      Lets see how tough you are when the civil war breaks out between Americans and Mexicans, its going to get to a boiling one day soon LOUD MOUTH and we will kick your uneducated, peasant azzes all the way back to South America and take Mexico while we are at this time since your race isTOO DUMB to run it for yourselves, look at it! Mexico is HE LL ON EARTH!

      July 15, 2011 at 10:16 am | Report abuse |
    • voter

      I bet frankie has never and would never say that to a Mexicans face....

      July 15, 2011 at 10:35 am | Report abuse |
    • Angry American

      GO BACK TO MEXICO WHERE YOU BELONG!

      GET OUT! TAKE YOUR ANCHOR BABIES WITH YOU!

      July 15, 2011 at 1:45 pm | Report abuse |
    • Ironweed

      The worst outrage is the (primarily) Mexican sneak-thieves want to hijack a ride on the Civil Rights movement. These people will never have the moral high ground they are trying to steal by association as if the blacks snuck into the country in those slave ships for "a better life" that burdened the American citizens with their drain on public resources.

      July 16, 2011 at 11:08 am | Report abuse |
  7. JuanRedondoCuadrado

    The funny point about being American is that people in United States say "I am a true American". But, the name of America belongs to Hispanic people. Christopher Colombus named "America" taken the name from his friend "Americo Vespucio" . He put the name America to the land South of the United States. Let's be serious about this. White Americans blame Latin people because a few do not speak fluently English, but they do not realize that they suppose to learn another language. La ignorancia es atrevida cuando no se tienen los argumentos suficientes para denigrar de los verdaderos Americanos.

    July 15, 2011 at 9:59 am | Report abuse |
    • LATIN LOVER

      But,,,"Christopher Columbos" was CRISTOBAL COLON. They want to make people believe that an English speaking person "discovered" the AMERICAS. The whites ignore the fact that the Native Americans did not speak English. Therefore, English should NOT be the official language of these lands.

      July 15, 2011 at 10:06 am | Report abuse |
    • Ironweed

      The worst outrage is the sneak-thieves want to hijack a ride on the Civil Rights movement. These people will never have the moral high ground they are trying to steal by association as if the blacks snuck into the country in those slave ships for "a better life" that burdened the American citizens with their drain on public resources.

      July 16, 2011 at 11:09 am | Report abuse |
  8. Noel

    I assure you that right now the "white race" is damaging this country way worse than any immigrant. Not even politically, but culturally, as I see more white trash than brown trash every day (even in California). Let's not forget who the original immigrants are, my European friends. Love it or leave it, but start learning spanish until you decide....

    July 15, 2011 at 10:34 am | Report abuse |
  9. Reality Check

    Let me see. Back home they only have 1.4 kids per couple, once they cross the river it grows to around 4.2. They arrive with no health insurance, no traceable taxable income and with less than a elementary level education (So they cannot help us compete against India’s fast growing IT population).... But they get $200-600 in food stamps, free Medicaid, Schooling for their 4-5 kids (costing an average of 7-9k per child x 12.yrs) just so 60% of these Hispanics graduate high school!!! Hold on- The road ahead is going to be extremely bumpy!!! (We can discuss the political, economic and historic reasons of why a group migrates but I am concerned with the future not the present).

    And in case you think I am biased- I am Hispanic (German-Spanish)with 3 BA’s and a Grad degree and I volunteer over 200 in my community from Habitat for Humanity to helping the elderly. I am color and stereotype blind but do believe in character, values, social responsibility, JFK famous speech and compassion when truly needed. In other words if you are not helping row as one- Get off my boat!!!!

    July 15, 2011 at 10:52 am | Report abuse |
  10. lg

    How about all of you are dumb if you had something to do with your life you wouldnt be on here acting like a idiot

    July 15, 2011 at 11:16 am | Report abuse |
  11. Anti "Racist" = Anti -White

    How much longer are whites supposed to endure open threats from mexcrement parasites?

    WAKE UP WHITE MAN!!!

    Enough is enough!!! Time to TAKE UP ARMS and push the mexcrement back over the border by FORCE OF ARMS!!!

    I swear a RACE WAR is coming very soon!!!

    July 15, 2011 at 1:05 pm | Report abuse |
  12. azazel

    Good god people, I need everyone on here to grab a beer, pack a bowl, and chill the f__k out. Just stick to the ten commandments and all will be well. I promise.

    July 15, 2011 at 2:40 pm | Report abuse |
  13. I pay taxes

    America was named by politicians in spain to discredit Columbus. Vespucci and columbus were NOT friends as you say, they were rivals. And thats SOUTH America, not America. We are not America either. All of us stupid Americans(you know the ones that built the world), we live in the United States of America. If you don't like it by all means South or Central America await. Or Mexico.

    July 15, 2011 at 11:04 pm | Report abuse |
  14. Dick Hertz

    Mexican-American women my a$$. Those are illegal aliens born to illegal aliens. They have no right here. Just leeches sucking off the system. Send them all back South of the Border. Strip the anchor babie's "citizenship" so we don't split up the family. Take away everything the leeches came for and they'll slither back on their own. E-Verify should be mandatory for every job in the U.S.A.

    July 16, 2011 at 12:07 am | Report abuse |
  15. whydowehave2gothere?

    I haven't read any comments yet and I sure people have already jumped on the Mexican hating band wagon so I wont say too much...I hate that we have to classify ourselves to such a degree anymore...yes I am "hispanic" if you must call it that....but first and foremost I am AMERICAN...born and raised..my parents also..my granparents too..withthe exception of 1 and it was my GREAT grandparents who came from mexico..My father is a Viet Nam vet he fought for HIS country..made a good life for me and all of you...I married a man from Mexico..a damn good man...we are expecting our 3rd child in November and can't believe what a racist society I am bringing them into..its a shame. ..and yes my husband is legal...he's been here since the age of 7 and speaks english. Probably better than you..and he is employed we don't live on welfare he supports his family by working hard...and probably makes more than a lot of you...get some knowledge before you judge!

    July 16, 2011 at 8:20 am | Report abuse |
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