Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade
Mexican-American women accounted for 16% of the nation’s births in 2008.
July 14th, 2011
12:01 PM ET

Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade

Births have overtaken immigration as the driving force behind the growth of the Mexican-American population in the United States in the past decade, according to a report released Thursday by the Pew Hispanic Center.

The same can be said for the entire Hispanic population of the United States, which grew from 35.3 million in 2000 to 50.5 million in 2010, accounting for 16.3% of the U.S. population, according to U.S. Census Bureau data. About 58% of that growth resulted from births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

The trend is most evident among Mexican-Americans, whose numbers grew by 7.2 million as a result of births and 4.2 million from new immigrant arrivals in the past decade, reversing trends from the previous two decades, when the number of new immigrants matched or exceeded the number of births, the report says.

Mexican-Americans are the nation's largest Hispanic group,  at around 31.8 million, or 63% of the U.S. Hispanic population and 10% of the total U.S. population.

In the Pew report, the term Mexican-American applies to people of Mexican origin, regardless of immigration status. The study noted that in 2010, 52% of people of Mexican origin were in the U.S. illegally, and that 68% of births to undocumented aliens were to Mexican nationals.

What's behind the change?

Mexican-Americans are more likely than U.S.-born Americans to be in their prime child-bearing years, and they also have higher fertility rates, the report says. Another significant factor is a steep decline in Mexican immigration to the United States in recent years.

Hispanic births accounted for 25% of the nation’s newborns in 2008, the report says, citing statistics from the Centers for Disease Control. U.S. births are also disproportionately Mexican-American. While 10% of the nation’s population in 2008 was Mexican-American, 16% of the nation’s births were to Mexican-American mothers.

White children in the minority in 10 states

Meanwhile, the number of new immigrants arriving from Mexico fell by 60% between 2006 and 2010 because of declining job opportunities in the U.S., increased border enforcement and economic growth in Mexico, the report says, citing a previous Pew Hispanic Center study of Mexican immigration trends.

Age and fertility explain the high share of births among Mexican-Americans, the report says. On average, Mexican-Americans are younger than other major racial and ethnic groups, with a median age of 25, compared with 30 for non-Mexican-origin Hispanics and 41 for whites.

Mexican-American women also have more children than their counterparts in other racial and Hispanic origin groups. The typical Mexican-American woman between 40 and 44 has given birth to 2.5 children, compared with 2.3 children for the typical same-aged Hispanic woman and 1.8 children for the typical same-aged white woman, according to Pew Hispanic Center tabulations from the 2006 to 2010 June Fertility Supplements of the U.S. Current Population Survey.

The Hispanic share of the population is projected to rise from 16.3% in 2010 to 29% by the middle of this century, with the bulk of the future increase driven by births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

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Filed under: Census
soundoff (1,115 Responses)
  1. LoveItOrLeaveIt

    War of 1846 -1848. This was our land. always has been. White folks need to understand that like Jews returning to Isreal, so much Mexican (indigenous people) return to their lands. Every racist comment here, is what most white folks are too afraid to say to our face. Hateful, racist, ignorant white people. We are coming. Invading. reproducing, and there isn't a single thing you can do, other write racist comments on CNN articles. HA! Here we come.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:28 pm | Report abuse |
    • Big George in Big D

      You people are just a bunch of losers! Why don't you try to better your race instead of explode them? Maybe then people wouldn't mind having so many around. This population explosion will turn around and bite you people in the rear, just you wait and see!

      July 14, 2011 at 3:32 pm | Report abuse |
    • LoveItOrLeaveIt

      you sound like you don't have any mexican friends, or black friends. you sound like you drink your beer from a can. you could be fat. could have a mullet. like hunting. we are a beautiful people. you should get to know one of us. see how we think. we love life. family. culture. hard work. we have criminals, like all people have criminals. i don't think all white people are as racist as you. i judge everyone individually. try it. i bet your even a fake christian.

      July 14, 2011 at 3:36 pm | Report abuse |
    • DamianKnight

      I present to you, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago, signed in 1848. I quote to you from Wikipedia: "Under the terms of the treaty negotiated by Trist, Mexico ceded to the United States Upper California and New Mexico. This was known as the Mexican Cession and included all of present-day California, Nevada and Utah as well as most of Arizona, New Mexico and Colorado (see Article V of the treaty). Mexico relinquished all claims to Texas and recognized the Rio Grande as the southern boundary of the United States (see Article V).

      The treaty provided for the Mexican Cession of 1.36 million km² (525,000 square miles) to the United States in exchange for 15 million dollars (equivalent to $380 million today).[4] The Treaty also ceded an additional 1,007,935 km² (389,166 square miles), since Mexico had never officially recognized either the independence of the Republic of Texas (1836) or its annexation by the United States (1845), and under this calculation, Mexico lost about 55% of its prewar territory.[5]"

      July 14, 2011 at 3:37 pm | Report abuse |
    • me

      And here come all the problem you're leaving Mexico because of. You can't run from yourself.

      July 14, 2011 at 3:37 pm | Report abuse |
    • the_truth_is_too_scary!!!

      that's ok. They will get too sleepy to do anything in the day time! i'm all for hispanics coming in here at least they work harder and expect things out of their family. unlike a certain large portion of a race of this country that was originally brought over against their will from another continent!

      July 14, 2011 at 3:37 pm | Report abuse |
    • DamianKnight

      By my above post, it is no longer your land. Mexico surrendered it over, in exchange for the United States not obliterating them. It is America's land. And it has been for 163 years.

      July 14, 2011 at 3:41 pm | Report abuse |
  2. Charms

    Hispanics will soon outnumber everyone. Looking forward to that 🙂

    July 14, 2011 at 3:28 pm | Report abuse |
    • Big George in Big D

      What an absolutely deplorable thought! Hope I'm gone by then – its bad enough now.

      July 14, 2011 at 3:30 pm | Report abuse |
    • Jim in Texas

      Then they will create a new third world country of fat, lazy, umeducated people expecting government to gove them free food and free housing and free medical care. Ilegals ad their anchor babies bring nothig of social, cultural, or economic value to the Unoted States. They are users.

      July 14, 2011 at 3:32 pm | Report abuse |
    • cgouyonnet

      Yeah, I am looking forward to see American as a third world country turn to crap just like what they have done to Mexico...

      July 14, 2011 at 3:34 pm | Report abuse |
    • panamasalsera

      uu s

      July 14, 2011 at 3:35 pm | Report abuse |
  3. panamasalsera

    what happened to birth control????

    July 14, 2011 at 3:29 pm | Report abuse |
  4. john

    My son is Irish and Catholic his wife is Mexican American they have three children did the hispanic population just increase by three or the irish american population? Why is it that Barrack Obama is the first Black president when he is half white?It seems to me that there is just a little bit of bigotry tied in here somewhere.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:29 pm | Report abuse |
    • Big George in Big D

      Didn't your son know better?

      July 14, 2011 at 3:30 pm | Report abuse |
  5. realnative

    Who says we immigrated from somewhere? ? The white historian on TV?? LOL

    July 14, 2011 at 3:29 pm | Report abuse |
  6. Tom

    Did we not already know this? Anyone who lives close to a Latino community can attest to this, one child walking, one in a stroller and the other in the belly!

    July 14, 2011 at 3:31 pm | Report abuse |
  7. panamasalsera

    they know that this goverment pays for it alll, life, home, food, medical, and then cry if they get caught...wawawawa.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:31 pm | Report abuse |
  8. cgouyonnet

    the problem is that the system rewards people for having children, these poor, uneducated illegal mexican mothers finally caught on. On one hand, they take advantage of the american system, on the other hand, they use these babies as pawns to keep their husbands from leaving them. And when they cant support them, they turn again to welfare. We need to close the loophole and refuse to issue a birth certificate to any illegal alien mother. Mexicans are very smart when there is something that could benefit them and they can take advantage of.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:31 pm | Report abuse |
  9. Greg

    I don't understand why the legal hispanics are not out there helping the ret of American stop this illegal immigration. Every time I see the topic of illegal immigation come up among the latino community, the legal immigrants seem to be proud of those who are coming here illegaly. Why can't the join with us and help curtail the problem.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:32 pm | Report abuse |
  10. MayaNYC

    I dont understand why CNN does not have a moderator. I am going to pay for the NYT. soo many dumb arguments

    July 14, 2011 at 3:33 pm | Report abuse |
    • cgouyonnet

      your argument is as dumb as the arguments you complain about.

      July 14, 2011 at 3:37 pm | Report abuse |
  11. gsand

    Just what this country needs.....ya right. freakin rabbits.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:34 pm | Report abuse |
  12. Jim in Texas

    The problem is that Dems see the anchor babies as future voters while the GOP sees anchor babies as cheap labor, thus Washington lacks the will to round these users up and send them back to whatever third world country they are from.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:34 pm | Report abuse |
  13. Catholics....

    ....Are against birth control.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:34 pm | Report abuse |
  14. Larry

    They multiply like rats.....and keep adding rats to the good old American Society!

    July 14, 2011 at 3:35 pm | Report abuse |
  15. TEX

    NO SH%T!!!

    July 14, 2011 at 3:35 pm | Report abuse |
    • B=Dog

      In other top news.... The Sun is bright.

      July 14, 2011 at 3:41 pm | Report abuse |
    • TEX

      We have also conducted in depth research at CNN and discovered that rain is wet.

      July 14, 2011 at 6:42 pm | Report abuse |
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