Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade
Mexican-American women accounted for 16% of the nation’s births in 2008.
July 14th, 2011
12:01 PM ET

Births, not immigration, account for most of Hispanic growth in last decade

Births have overtaken immigration as the driving force behind the growth of the Mexican-American population in the United States in the past decade, according to a report released Thursday by the Pew Hispanic Center.

The same can be said for the entire Hispanic population of the United States, which grew from 35.3 million in 2000 to 50.5 million in 2010, accounting for 16.3% of the U.S. population, according to U.S. Census Bureau data. About 58% of that growth resulted from births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

The trend is most evident among Mexican-Americans, whose numbers grew by 7.2 million as a result of births and 4.2 million from new immigrant arrivals in the past decade, reversing trends from the previous two decades, when the number of new immigrants matched or exceeded the number of births, the report says.

Mexican-Americans are the nation's largest Hispanic group,  at around 31.8 million, or 63% of the U.S. Hispanic population and 10% of the total U.S. population.

In the Pew report, the term Mexican-American applies to people of Mexican origin, regardless of immigration status. The study noted that in 2010, 52% of people of Mexican origin were in the U.S. illegally, and that 68% of births to undocumented aliens were to Mexican nationals.

What's behind the change?

Mexican-Americans are more likely than U.S.-born Americans to be in their prime child-bearing years, and they also have higher fertility rates, the report says. Another significant factor is a steep decline in Mexican immigration to the United States in recent years.

Hispanic births accounted for 25% of the nation’s newborns in 2008, the report says, citing statistics from the Centers for Disease Control. U.S. births are also disproportionately Mexican-American. While 10% of the nation’s population in 2008 was Mexican-American, 16% of the nation’s births were to Mexican-American mothers.

White children in the minority in 10 states

Meanwhile, the number of new immigrants arriving from Mexico fell by 60% between 2006 and 2010 because of declining job opportunities in the U.S., increased border enforcement and economic growth in Mexico, the report says, citing a previous Pew Hispanic Center study of Mexican immigration trends.

Age and fertility explain the high share of births among Mexican-Americans, the report says. On average, Mexican-Americans are younger than other major racial and ethnic groups, with a median age of 25, compared with 30 for non-Mexican-origin Hispanics and 41 for whites.

Mexican-American women also have more children than their counterparts in other racial and Hispanic origin groups. The typical Mexican-American woman between 40 and 44 has given birth to 2.5 children, compared with 2.3 children for the typical same-aged Hispanic woman and 1.8 children for the typical same-aged white woman, according to Pew Hispanic Center tabulations from the 2006 to 2010 June Fertility Supplements of the U.S. Current Population Survey.

The Hispanic share of the population is projected to rise from 16.3% in 2010 to 29% by the middle of this century, with the bulk of the future increase driven by births rather than the arrival of new immigrants, the report says.

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Filed under: Census
soundoff (1,115 Responses)
  1. someguy

    this is what you get for having all these mexicans. But look on the bright side, we have a bunch of mexicans drinking on a porch all day. Can you imagine the smell?

    If we have immigration reform, i hope the US kicks out all these mexicans. I rather have the chinese and indians here. At least they know how to fix my computer

    July 14, 2011 at 3:36 pm | Report abuse |
  2. Helena22

    Wow, that baby is so beautiful!

    July 14, 2011 at 3:36 pm | Report abuse |
    • Alicia

      Americans paid for her birth and will pay for her for the rest of her life. Parasites.

      July 14, 2011 at 3:47 pm | Report abuse |
    • realnative

      @Alicia you know for sure that we paid for her birth. no!! you think brown people are the only ones on welfare. Your the parasite for being an ignorant human being!

      July 14, 2011 at 11:18 pm | Report abuse |
  3. Greg

    When immigrants came in centuries past, they were hard workers who wanted to make a life for themselves. There was no government system to rely upon. However, the new breed of immigrants takes and takes and gives nothing back. I think we'll see an increase of violence against illegal immigrants in the coming years if the country does not enact a strong stance.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:36 pm | Report abuse |
    • Rachel

      Unless you're Native American, you too come from immigrants, illegal. My ancestors (Gabrielino Natives) never gave visas to your ancestors. Yes, we are informed. There will be a high level of violence against those who oppose immigration, since Hispanics will be the majority, if I were you, I'd change my tone and way of thinking or you'll and your family will find yourselves as outcasts and the hateful minority.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:38 pm | Report abuse |
    • Troy

      Rachel, Native Americans were not the first people in this country. You need to learn your history before you open your mouth. They have discovered several Asian ships that were dated to before the Native Americans showed up here. Also, California is so beautiful you say? Why don't you mention that Cali is BROKE!!! They are proposing an 80% hike in state school tuition. Guess what the state majority is? MEXICAN. Coincidence. Don't think so. Using up all the welfare, not paying taxes, bringing down the median wage. Have you taken a look at Mexico lately. Death and drugs. Don't be dumb. I know it's probably really hard for you, but at least try.

      July 14, 2011 at 11:12 pm | Report abuse |
    • realnative

      @TROY your comment about Asian ships is bull. lol wow who is dumb?? You are! Don't believe everything you read.

      July 14, 2011 at 11:22 pm | Report abuse |
    • eville_11

      Rachel Rachel, failure to understand the migration of empires and population of the world is not a argument for immigration in 2011. With your logic , say lack of, there would be no nationalities, no countries and constant land battles of groups of races taking land wherever and whenever they could. Look at Israel and Palistine, and apply that to every bordered land... how long would you live? At some point in history we learned internationally that respecting a neighbors borders is a mainstay for civilization. That Empires are bad, raiding and plundering are criminal. Sadly it wasn't until after Columbus- Your Spainish Explorer, and the pilgrims and Englands strict Religious beliefs that conquering unmapped lands, or barbaric tribes, and claiming them as "" ours" became unacceptable,
      As Obama told Boehner, "I won, get over it." Now with that said the planned social / land takeover of USA by La Raza, of which I assume you know very well of, is nothing other than what you cry foul about the first settlers in N. AMerica. although for now no guns are being fired and babies smashed against trees, its the same thing... So what makes it at better cause? Its the same underlying purpose of the isalmic religion, who by the way have a better birth rate than Meixican Americans... and since you're female, keep your head covering ready..

      July 15, 2011 at 3:06 am | Report abuse |
    • Frankie

      Who gives a shhit. WE OWN IT NOW and we will get you no English speaking peasants out of here with or without the help of the Government, its just a matter of time so I wouldn't get to cozy if I were an illegal. Americans are not going to lay down for ever and allow their country to be over run with gutter rats.

      Talk all the trash you want now while your hiding in the shadows. We will see who takes this country. This nation is OUR NATION, it belongs to LEGAL Americans, not thieves who jump an imaginary fence.

      July 15, 2011 at 10:24 am | Report abuse |
  4. Just tired

    Lets get real here. System is broke, one should not be able to gain financially or otherwie from an illegal act. Drawing welfare for children born here, one should say they too are illegal, who benefits the most. Thsoe who crossed the border illegally. Get pregnant let the taxpayer pay for the free medical, place momma and baby on WIC, the taxpayer pays. Ploitical escapees, being sponsored in this country, why is taxpayer paying for the housing assistance, retraining, if needed, and welfare assistance. Sponsor should be paying the bill.

    As on who works for Social services, I find it appauling that I must check all the records of a US citizen, but if an illegal comes in and needs help to feed their children born here, I can do only limitted verification. As one illegal mother pointed out when denied additional food stamps for her unborn child – "You are aware that this will have a major impact on our mobil tamale business – aren't you" (Had to have the Hable line transalate for me, only for our southern naighbors do we do this!)

    Just tired!!!!!!

    July 14, 2011 at 3:36 pm | Report abuse |
    • Veronica

      I feel for see the injustices first hand. We are all fed up and the resentments are festering. Illegals go home and work for change in your own country.

      July 14, 2011 at 5:40 pm | Report abuse |
    • Frankie

      These thieving GUTTER RATS think we owe them welfare for some crazy azz reason. Scrounges.

      July 15, 2011 at 10:26 am | Report abuse |
  5. TakeNoPrisoners

    LoveItOrLeaveIt, you pile of dog grunt. You want the USA to be like Messico? Wow you brown folk need to learn to work and not take siesta so much. Wear chassity belt would help too. you have crapped in your mess kit down there so you move north. ya ought to be proud.....

    July 14, 2011 at 3:37 pm | Report abuse |
    • JJ

      Return to K-Mart, white trash. Your brain has been recalled! CMC!!!! 🙂

      July 14, 2011 at 3:43 pm | Report abuse |
    • realnative

      Learn to work?? Lmao your kidding right?

      July 14, 2011 at 3:44 pm | Report abuse |
    • Rachel

      That's right, love it or leave it. You will be the minority, deal with it. Just a brief history lesson, almost half of USA was Mexico!!

      July 14, 2011 at 7:41 pm | Report abuse |
  6. Thank the Spanish conquistadors...

    ....For the spread of Catholism in Mexico.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:39 pm | Report abuse |
    • Rachel

      Religion sucks!!

      July 14, 2011 at 8:01 pm | Report abuse |
  7. realnative

    I have 3 kids. They are mixed. Native American,Mexican & white. I teach my kids to love everyone every color. Ignorant people come in all colors. Its sad the most are white tho. This land was never yours to take. We had no choice but to share it.
    ..if you can say share. My people are on reservations now.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:39 pm | Report abuse |
    • unknown

      Well said!

      July 14, 2011 at 3:47 pm | Report abuse |
    • jason

      Oh stfu about "this land was not 'yours' to take." First off, "we" didn't take anything– I'm pretty sure the ones who originally came here are not still alive. You are, because of your own racism, trying to lump white people together as responsible for the actions of others. At the same time, if "we" didn't come here, there would be no United States of Handouts for all these illegals to come here and want to take advantage of. Contrary to popular racist minority belief, white people do not owe you jack- shiite for making this the greatest country on earth as opposed to the land still being occupied by head-hunter indians in tepees warring one tribe against another to steal each other's lands.

      July 14, 2011 at 3:50 pm | Report abuse |
    • Sean

      Agreed Jason
      If only these so called 'real natives' knew their own history. They'd know it is just a bloody as everyone else's.
      Just poor losers

      “realnative” no one is keeping you on that reservation. Just another minority taking had outs (that is what a reservation is) and complaining.

      July 14, 2011 at 5:03 pm | Report abuse |
    • Rachel

      Jason and Sean should go home – get out of my country. Just like your ancestors probably fled Europe and invaded my land, you can flee too and invade some other country. Please do us all a favor.


      July 14, 2011 at 8:00 pm | Report abuse |
    • Troy

      Getting drunk.

      July 14, 2011 at 11:00 pm | Report abuse |
    • realnative

      @jason you can suck on the end of my arrow. Yes you guys did take this land AND I couldn't careless about how you made it United States. I rather go back in time & be living on free open land, hunting & planting my crops. Not having to worry about a government & handouts & diseases. I never said anybody owed us crap.....freakin idiot!
      @Sean I know my history & you know what american schools want you to know.

      July 14, 2011 at 11:33 pm | Report abuse |
  8. cgouyonnet

    THIS IS THE END OF AMERICA AS WE KNOW IT. Next thing, spanish commercials on NBC...can someone tell me, why in the hell did our ancestors kill millions of indians during the westward expansion???? To end up like with the same problem all over again.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:39 pm | Report abuse |
    • Rachel

      Actually, you genocidal ancestors were the problem. Their off-spring is still the cancer of this nation. Go home if you don't like it here. You know the saying "when you steal something, you have to spend your entire life fighting for it" This nation started with Natives, it will end that way too. We'll let you and your family stick around if you play nice or else, we'll do it your style, genocide or concentration camps.

      July 14, 2011 at 7:56 pm | Report abuse |
  9. someone

    I support new immigrants but not immigrants who don't pay taxes or follow our laws.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:39 pm | Report abuse |
  10. Jason

    That's why it's so hilarious when people try to pretend that those who are against illegal immigration are doing so because they hate hispanics. No, we're not against hispanics. Most of us aren't even against immigration. We're against ILLEGAL immigration.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:39 pm | Report abuse |
    • jason

      Funny thing is, you never hear the media point out that all those people out there protesting for amnest for illegals are almost all hispanics. If most illegals in this country were Russian or Chines, you wouldn't see these hispanics marching for "comprehensive immigration reform." They are the real racists.
      What this article, of course, fails to mention is that 46% of all the growth in this country from 2000-2010 was from hispanics.

      July 14, 2011 at 3:53 pm | Report abuse |
    • Frankie

      Read the comments on here from these gutter rat Mexicans telling us we are the minority and they are going to take over our nation. And you have nothing against Mexicans who want to destroy your country and make you a stranger in your on own nation? And replace your American Culture with their uneducated Chaos and the blabbering Spanish they speak that makes them sound about as intelligent as a rock?

      July 15, 2011 at 10:31 am | Report abuse |
  11. Sandeep

    America would be better served admitting English speaking, highly skilled, immigrants from India instead of illiterate latrine cleaners from latin called latinos!!!

    July 14, 2011 at 3:40 pm | Report abuse |
    • gsand

      Not so sure of that sandeep. you guys are just as bad!

      July 14, 2011 at 3:42 pm | Report abuse |
    • JJ

      You indians can be really filthy. Just look at the Ganges river, it's even got frickin' body parts floating around.

      July 14, 2011 at 3:44 pm | Report abuse |
    • Jon

      Then why is it my IT department smells worst than my restroom?

      July 14, 2011 at 3:51 pm | Report abuse |
    • fasdfa

      And honestly, you are an idiot if you think the English they speak in India, is the same as in the US.

      July 14, 2011 at 8:57 pm | Report abuse |
    • eville_11

      I'm going to agree the English in India is more Queen's English with a accent, but nonetheless its English. Add that I never met a gang of Indians wielding laptop and Iphone parts wanting my car either.

      July 15, 2011 at 3:15 am | Report abuse |
  12. JJ

    So what's the conclusion here, amigos? White man can't screw? Orale, batos! Not even viagra will help you now! 🙂

    July 14, 2011 at 3:41 pm | Report abuse |
    • IHateStupidPeople

      Speak English.

      July 15, 2011 at 3:32 am | Report abuse |
  13. gsand

    The illegal to legal ratio is more than half are illegal! so most likely the mexican person you assumed is illegal, really is! So we are not being racist or descriminating, its just the truth!

    July 14, 2011 at 3:42 pm | Report abuse |
  14. cgouyonnet

    Our government is about to declare bankruptcy. We need to cut off all aid to these illegal immigrants, deport them all, if they were born of illegal mothers, kick them all out of here. We have enough problems of our own.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:42 pm | Report abuse |
  15. scott

    Want a snapshot of America in a few years. Just look at Mexico, and now California. Who do you think is coming to this country? Educated people with jobs? Nope. Uneducated welfare cases who breed like rabbits courtesy of the American tax payer. So now we have less people contributing and more people taking. The brown plague will destroy our country.

    July 14, 2011 at 3:42 pm | Report abuse |
    • JJ

      Reminds me of all the white trash that came to this country from the cesspools in Europe. How soon you chumps forget things like the "Irish not welcome!" signs. Get a grip, grow a brain. Don't like it, leave.

      July 14, 2011 at 3:45 pm | Report abuse |
    • Sean


      I’m Irish
      I’m aware of American history and my own family history.

      You are making a comparison to an even that happened over a hundred years ago. Most people that didn’t like the Irish didn’t like anyone else either. They also knew next to nothing about Ireland at the time. What they saw was masses of poor coming off the boats. (legally mind you) They were scared to lose their jobs and culture. Guess what.. they Were right!. The Irish have had a huge impact on American history and culture, thankfully for the better.

      In contrast we can easily see what Hispanics have done with their counties in the last hundred years. If you believe they will have a positive impact on modern America you are as ignorant as you name implies.

      July 14, 2011 at 5:25 pm | Report abuse |
    • Rachel

      Scott, people like you are the cancer of this country. Looking at California, I guess we have much to look forward to, I love California, I live in Arizona and it sucks in every way. California has good schools, nice neighborhoods, beautiful beaches, lush mountains, deserts, amusement parks, wineries, amazing restaurants, shopping malls in every city, great hospitals, need I go on? In AZ we have the worse eductions system, high-crime, no jobs, no decent universities, oven-hot weather, the Palin's and scary martian Brewer...ugh...I need out of here

      July 14, 2011 at 7:46 pm | Report abuse |
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