January 18th, 2012
12:26 PM ET

SOPA 101: Your guide to the Internet blackout

You probably woke up this morning to realize the Internet is totally screwy.

Is it the online apocalypse? Not so much. Google, Wikipedia, Boing Boing and others have gone dark, along with thousands of others, who are protesting two anti-piracy bills that are up for debate in the U.S. Congress.

It's a debate that's pitted the Web against Washington. And if the goal of these protests was to get people talking, that sure seems to have worked, with every media organization on the planet talking about piracy today.

Many of these sites are using creative techniques to bring attention to the two bills - one called SOPA, the other PIPA - and making very clear their viewpoint on it.

Before you panic, read our quick-and-dirty guide to these online protests.

So, what are these piracy bills about?

With all of these sites going dark, it is important to know why this topic has become the center of a heated debate.

CNNMoney has a genius explainer on this topic, for those interested in all the gritty details. The gist is this: Media companies are upset that their copyrighted content gets stolen and given away for free by some websites. Two bills aim to crack down on this piracy by restricting access to U.S. websites that potentially could link to this pirated content. Tech companies in Silicon Valley say the bills have unintended consequences that could tamper with the way the Internet functions.

You can learn about it here: █████████████████, here: █████████ here:██████ and here:█████████.

Kidding! That blackout technique is part of the point these sites are trying to make today as they fully go dark.

- There’s a large blackout bar over Google’s logo.

- English-language Wikipedia sites are blacked out.

- And, don't freak out, but the tech blog Boing Boing shows a “service unavailable” error.

"Boing Boing is offline today, because the US Senate is considering legislation that would certainly kill us forever," the site says.

The humor website TheOatmeal.com has gotten the most traction for its creative use of their homepage to bring attention to SOPA.

"For the next 24 hours I am blacking out TheOatmeal.com in protest of SOPA and PIPA. If one of these bills were to pass, this page is what many sites on the internet would look like," the website reads. "As someone who creates content for the web, earns a living from it, and has had his content pirated, I do feel that we need better legislation against online piracy. I do not, however, think that SOPA or PIPA are the legislation we need."

The site's page, like many others remains black and has an animated GIF that it points out they took from somewhere else. If SOPA were to pass, the site says, they would be shut down. We'd show you the full animation, but it is a little not-safe-for-work. The animation is several images compiled from the Web with text about SOPA and a message in between, as seen above. The site asks you to join them and "please pirate the s***out of this animated GIF."

The site GOOD, which is known for its commentary on culture and society, also put up a massive splash page today.

"Today, GOOD is joining forces with friends around the world and around the internet to mobilize opposition to the Stop Online Piracy Act and PROTECT IP Act, the flawed bills being considered in the House and Senate right now," the site says at the top of their homepage. At the bottom they thank those who share their view, in quite an upfront way.

All these sites, and thousands of others, are protesting two anti-piracy bills that are up for debate in the U.S. Congress.

They're arguing that so much of the content we share comes from other places and if this new law were to pass, much of it wouldn't be able to be published or would be censored or taken offline if it were. Links couldn't be shared to other content unless otherwise approved, the same goes for images and any other content.

That’s why companies like Google and Wikipedia are protesting and asking people to join them.

"Fighting online piracy is important. The most effective way to shut down pirate websites is through targeted legislation that cuts off their funding," a template letter for users to send to legislators says on Google's site. "There’s no need to make American social networks, blogs and search engines censor the Internet or undermine the existing laws that have enabled the Web to thrive, creating millions of U.S. jobs."

Their site includes this video:

But many companies have also come out and said they do support the legislation. Several media companies, and Rupert Murdoch himself have tweeted about their support. CNN’s parent company, Time Warner, is among those supporting the legislation.

How do people feel about the Internet blackout?

CNN iReport has a nice wrap-up of how CNN viewers feel about the blackouts.

On Twitter, some college students are angry they can’t use Wikipedia to write their term papers. (Side note: Really, college students?)

Some are making blackout jokes:

Other users had strong messages for why these bills ought to be defeated:

And, of course, stones are flying from the other camp, too, with many supporters of the anti-piracy legislation saying all these blackouts are completely ridiculous.

When is the protest going to be over?

Most of the digital protests should end by 12 a.m. ET on Thursday.

Wikipedia will be back online then. Some other sites end their protests even sooner.

So are the protests working? Is the legislation likely to pass?

Many signs indicate that the online protests - and the outrage from tech companies, generally, over the past several months; Google, Facebook and others signed a letter strongly opposing SOPA in November - are having some impact on the legislation.

One key provision of SOPA, which would have allowed the government to block certain domain names, has been eliminated. That was drawing comparisons to China's Internet policies (not a good thing if you're the U.S.)

Discussion of the bills also has been pushed back. In the House, SOPA likely won’t get a hearing until February. The Senate bill, PIPA, could be discussed in late January. Those dates are subject to constant change, and the bills are being amended regularly.

But, bottom line, commentators say the bills are losing steam:

"Before it looked like it would pass with 80 votes, and now [the online protest] looks like something that will suck the votes away," a Senate Democratic aide told CNN's Political Ticker. "We're at a tipping point. It will either become a huge issue or die down a bit and that will determine the future of this."

Some politicians, no doubt receiving a flood of tweets from constituents, are responding online too.

Is there an alternative bill?

Some members of the House are supporting a new-ish piece of legislation called the OPEN Act, which is posted online in full if you’d like to take a look. More on the details from CNNMoney's tech reporters:

Among other differences, OPEN offers more protection than SOPA would to sites accused of hosting pirated content. It also beefs up the enforcement process. It would allow digital rights holders to bring cases before the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC), an independent agency that handles trademark infringement and other trade disputes.

Some people, including Wikipedia’s founder, Jimmy Wales, like the legislation, or at least the idea behind it.

Others say it doesn’t go far enough to protect copyright:

How did Wikipedia decide to go down?

The site held a vote among its editors. Some 1,800 people participated in that conversation, Wales, the Wikipedia founder, told CNN Tech on Tuesday.

CNN asked Wales if he worried about backlash to the blackout. He shrugged it off:

This is a principled stand. It comes from our community. We had this huge voting process. We just don't think in those kinds of terms. I believe our best long-term prospect for Wikipedia in terms of our survival ... depends on us being principled and making it known that, hey, Wikipedia is here to stand up for free and open Internet. I think that will drive donations in the long term. I think it will drive contributions. And, especially from what I've seen on Twitter, I think it will drive the passionate loyalty of our fans. People feel like if push comes to shove they can count on Wikipedia, and that really matters to people.

Is there a way to get around the Wikipedia blackout?

Vous parlez francais? If so, you're in luck. All of the foreign-language articles on Wikipedia are still available. If you're really desperate, you could use a service like Google Translate to get those into English.

If you have a smartphone, the mobile version of Wikipedia is up and available, according to several news reports and our trials.

On the iPad it's a little more complicated, writes The Telegraph:

On the iPad however, the site serves its full website, so although it was accessible earlier, Wkipedia is not currently available. The site is also currently displaying its articles for a very short time and then covering them with its special ‘dark’ homepage protesting against the SOPA piracy legislation. Users can hit either the “X” button on a tablet or press escape in some internet browsers if using a PC. Internet Explorer, however, does not seem to support this currently.

Finally, some reports suggest that if you press the "escape" key right as the English version of Wikipedia is loading in a standard Internet browser, you can bypass the SOPA advocacy message and go straight to articles. Worked for us, but give it a try yourself.

If none of those options work for you, check out a post from The Next List with more tips.

soundoff (389 Responses)
  1. JustaGuy

    We might as well start calling ourselves "The United States of China" as censorship is the first step in that direction. Next we'll get to the point of only two channels on TV, both being government sponsored news channels in the good ol' U.S.C.
    "Fight for your right", people!

    January 19, 2012 at 1:24 pm | Report abuse |
    • Never Tell

      I think they need to go after the cellphones first! These devices have proven themselves to be dangerous over and over!

      January 20, 2012 at 12:44 am | Report abuse |
  2. WTH?

    Anyone else see the pro SOPA and PIPA commercials CNN is running on their network? I am about done with them.

    January 19, 2012 at 2:27 pm | Report abuse |
    • Bailor Squat

      True, they and FoxNews are big sellouts to the regime of evil.

      January 20, 2012 at 4:02 am | Report abuse |
  3. JohnQ

    Wikipedia blackout didn't stop me, since all one had to do was Google and access the cached pages.

    January 19, 2012 at 3:58 pm | Report abuse |
    • Rodrigo

      Dude you completely missed the point...

      January 20, 2012 at 2:33 am | Report abuse |
    • KeithTexas

      It is really too bad that you missed the point. It is also sad that Google didn't have the moral character to join the protest.

      January 23, 2012 at 12:48 am | Report abuse |
  4. chaz

    put God back in true uSA...but leave the internet alone please

    January 19, 2012 at 5:02 pm | Report abuse |
  5. Billy

    The internet is the last true bastion of freedom for the world. It should remain free and not be censored by any government body, regardless of content. Piracy will occur regardless of measures taken to stop it. Punishing everyone for corporations inability to protect their products is not only unfair, but it ultimately works against everyone.

    January 19, 2012 at 6:03 pm | Report abuse |
  6. opinionguru

    Was there a blackout?

    January 19, 2012 at 6:05 pm | Report abuse |
  7. Maryellen

    If you load just one Michael Jackson song ,you deserv to go to prison 5yrs.1 more yr than Conrad got for trying to help the wierdo pervert pos.

    January 19, 2012 at 6:10 pm | Report abuse |
  8. Maryellen

    If you load just one Michael Jackson song ,you deserve to go to prison 5yrs.1 more yr longer than Conrad got for trying to help the wierdo pervert pos.

    January 19, 2012 at 6:12 pm | Report abuse |
  9. GiveMeABreak

    Anyone else notice how when they were talking about The Pirate Bay, they only showed stock photos of males in their 20's an 30's? Definitely no hidden messages there... Not to mention all the pro SOPA garbage that CNN is surrounding themselves with... To me, this "guide" seems just a *bit* biased.

    The whole "SOPA goes after the ad revenue stream" of these sites is a load of bull.. There are ads everywhere you look: magazines, TV (including CNN, which seems a bit hypocritical. don'tcha think?) billboards, stores, etc. I don't see anyone going after the ad revenue from any of these other mediums, so what makes the internet so different? I don't believe a word of that crap. The only things that SOPA/PIPA would accomplish is to help the rich get richer, create "criminals" out of decent human beings, and ultimately slow down the progress of the human race.

    We pay for the privilege to use the internet so we should be able to use it as we see fit; you wouldn't tell someone what to do with their morning cup of coffee, would you? The internet is one of the last places where people can actually be free to explore, grow and be creative – it has allowed us to share, see, and experience things that we would have never had the chance to without it.

    We aren't hurting anyone, leave us alone.

    January 19, 2012 at 6:58 pm | Report abuse |
    • letsgetreal

      I agree that SOPA is a bill that should be killed, but FYI the ad revenue thing is legit. What they are saying is that since sites hosting pirated content often make money from displaying ads (for which they are paid by companies because more people see the ads this way), requiring companies to stop paying these sites would drive them out of business. The point isn't to go after ad revenues werever they are. The point is to cut off pirate websites from their revenue.
      Apart from that, I completely agree with you. SOPA will make it dangerously easy to shut down websites, prosecute random citizens and promote censorship.

      January 19, 2012 at 8:22 pm | Report abuse |
  10. Jose


    January 19, 2012 at 9:26 pm | Report abuse |
  11. Jerry L Kreps

    The Khan Academy has an excerllent tutorial on SOPA and PIPA.

    Be very afraid, people.

    January 19, 2012 at 10:13 pm | Report abuse |
  12. George Mize

    thanks Mr. President

    January 19, 2012 at 11:11 pm | Report abuse |
  13. George Mize

    Thanx Mr. President. We really need this now.

    January 19, 2012 at 11:12 pm | Report abuse |
  14. Never Tell

    This is just like the marijuana issue! It is all about personal choices!! Our politically correct society is slowly destroying the very thing it was founded upon, FREEDOM!

    January 20, 2012 at 12:39 am | Report abuse |
  15. Evan Gillogley

    CNN you can do a much better job than this. Your explanation is twisted and does not give any specifics. Everyone. CNN is supporting SOPA. SOO don't trust this biased message. Read the bill itself and go on youtube checking a variety of opinions. Then contact your congress representative with your opinion.

    January 20, 2012 at 2:50 am | Report abuse |
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