January 18th, 2012
12:26 PM ET

SOPA 101: Your guide to the Internet blackout

You probably woke up this morning to realize the Internet is totally screwy.

Is it the online apocalypse? Not so much. Google, Wikipedia, Boing Boing and others have gone dark, along with thousands of others, who are protesting two anti-piracy bills that are up for debate in the U.S. Congress.

It's a debate that's pitted the Web against Washington. And if the goal of these protests was to get people talking, that sure seems to have worked, with every media organization on the planet talking about piracy today.

Many of these sites are using creative techniques to bring attention to the two bills - one called SOPA, the other PIPA - and making very clear their viewpoint on it.

Before you panic, read our quick-and-dirty guide to these online protests.

So, what are these piracy bills about?

With all of these sites going dark, it is important to know why this topic has become the center of a heated debate.

CNNMoney has a genius explainer on this topic, for those interested in all the gritty details. The gist is this: Media companies are upset that their copyrighted content gets stolen and given away for free by some websites. Two bills aim to crack down on this piracy by restricting access to U.S. websites that potentially could link to this pirated content. Tech companies in Silicon Valley say the bills have unintended consequences that could tamper with the way the Internet functions.

You can learn about it here: █████████████████, here: █████████ here:██████ and here:█████████.

Kidding! That blackout technique is part of the point these sites are trying to make today as they fully go dark.

- There’s a large blackout bar over Google’s logo.

- English-language Wikipedia sites are blacked out.

- And, don't freak out, but the tech blog Boing Boing shows a “service unavailable” error.

"Boing Boing is offline today, because the US Senate is considering legislation that would certainly kill us forever," the site says.

The humor website TheOatmeal.com has gotten the most traction for its creative use of their homepage to bring attention to SOPA.

"For the next 24 hours I am blacking out TheOatmeal.com in protest of SOPA and PIPA. If one of these bills were to pass, this page is what many sites on the internet would look like," the website reads. "As someone who creates content for the web, earns a living from it, and has had his content pirated, I do feel that we need better legislation against online piracy. I do not, however, think that SOPA or PIPA are the legislation we need."

The site's page, like many others remains black and has an animated GIF that it points out they took from somewhere else. If SOPA were to pass, the site says, they would be shut down. We'd show you the full animation, but it is a little not-safe-for-work. The animation is several images compiled from the Web with text about SOPA and a message in between, as seen above. The site asks you to join them and "please pirate the s***out of this animated GIF."

The site GOOD, which is known for its commentary on culture and society, also put up a massive splash page today.

"Today, GOOD is joining forces with friends around the world and around the internet to mobilize opposition to the Stop Online Piracy Act and PROTECT IP Act, the flawed bills being considered in the House and Senate right now," the site says at the top of their homepage. At the bottom they thank those who share their view, in quite an upfront way.

All these sites, and thousands of others, are protesting two anti-piracy bills that are up for debate in the U.S. Congress.

They're arguing that so much of the content we share comes from other places and if this new law were to pass, much of it wouldn't be able to be published or would be censored or taken offline if it were. Links couldn't be shared to other content unless otherwise approved, the same goes for images and any other content.

That’s why companies like Google and Wikipedia are protesting and asking people to join them.

"Fighting online piracy is important. The most effective way to shut down pirate websites is through targeted legislation that cuts off their funding," a template letter for users to send to legislators says on Google's site. "There’s no need to make American social networks, blogs and search engines censor the Internet or undermine the existing laws that have enabled the Web to thrive, creating millions of U.S. jobs."

Their site includes this video:

But many companies have also come out and said they do support the legislation. Several media companies, and Rupert Murdoch himself have tweeted about their support. CNN’s parent company, Time Warner, is among those supporting the legislation.

How do people feel about the Internet blackout?

CNN iReport has a nice wrap-up of how CNN viewers feel about the blackouts.

On Twitter, some college students are angry they can’t use Wikipedia to write their term papers. (Side note: Really, college students?)

Some are making blackout jokes:

Other users had strong messages for why these bills ought to be defeated:

And, of course, stones are flying from the other camp, too, with many supporters of the anti-piracy legislation saying all these blackouts are completely ridiculous.

When is the protest going to be over?

Most of the digital protests should end by 12 a.m. ET on Thursday.

Wikipedia will be back online then. Some other sites end their protests even sooner.

So are the protests working? Is the legislation likely to pass?

Many signs indicate that the online protests - and the outrage from tech companies, generally, over the past several months; Google, Facebook and others signed a letter strongly opposing SOPA in November - are having some impact on the legislation.

One key provision of SOPA, which would have allowed the government to block certain domain names, has been eliminated. That was drawing comparisons to China's Internet policies (not a good thing if you're the U.S.)

Discussion of the bills also has been pushed back. In the House, SOPA likely won’t get a hearing until February. The Senate bill, PIPA, could be discussed in late January. Those dates are subject to constant change, and the bills are being amended regularly.

But, bottom line, commentators say the bills are losing steam:

"Before it looked like it would pass with 80 votes, and now [the online protest] looks like something that will suck the votes away," a Senate Democratic aide told CNN's Political Ticker. "We're at a tipping point. It will either become a huge issue or die down a bit and that will determine the future of this."

Some politicians, no doubt receiving a flood of tweets from constituents, are responding online too.

Is there an alternative bill?

Some members of the House are supporting a new-ish piece of legislation called the OPEN Act, which is posted online in full if you’d like to take a look. More on the details from CNNMoney's tech reporters:

Among other differences, OPEN offers more protection than SOPA would to sites accused of hosting pirated content. It also beefs up the enforcement process. It would allow digital rights holders to bring cases before the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC), an independent agency that handles trademark infringement and other trade disputes.

Some people, including Wikipedia’s founder, Jimmy Wales, like the legislation, or at least the idea behind it.

Others say it doesn’t go far enough to protect copyright:

How did Wikipedia decide to go down?

The site held a vote among its editors. Some 1,800 people participated in that conversation, Wales, the Wikipedia founder, told CNN Tech on Tuesday.

CNN asked Wales if he worried about backlash to the blackout. He shrugged it off:

This is a principled stand. It comes from our community. We had this huge voting process. We just don't think in those kinds of terms. I believe our best long-term prospect for Wikipedia in terms of our survival ... depends on us being principled and making it known that, hey, Wikipedia is here to stand up for free and open Internet. I think that will drive donations in the long term. I think it will drive contributions. And, especially from what I've seen on Twitter, I think it will drive the passionate loyalty of our fans. People feel like if push comes to shove they can count on Wikipedia, and that really matters to people.

Is there a way to get around the Wikipedia blackout?

Vous parlez francais? If so, you're in luck. All of the foreign-language articles on Wikipedia are still available. If you're really desperate, you could use a service like Google Translate to get those into English.

If you have a smartphone, the mobile version of Wikipedia is up and available, according to several news reports and our trials.

On the iPad it's a little more complicated, writes The Telegraph:

On the iPad however, the site serves its full website, so although it was accessible earlier, Wkipedia is not currently available. The site is also currently displaying its articles for a very short time and then covering them with its special ‘dark’ homepage protesting against the SOPA piracy legislation. Users can hit either the “X” button on a tablet or press escape in some internet browsers if using a PC. Internet Explorer, however, does not seem to support this currently.

Finally, some reports suggest that if you press the "escape" key right as the English version of Wikipedia is loading in a standard Internet browser, you can bypass the SOPA advocacy message and go straight to articles. Worked for us, but give it a try yourself.

If none of those options work for you, check out a post from The Next List with more tips.

soundoff (389 Responses)
  1. Wes

    CNN, FOX News and Rupert Murdock can all burn in hell. These millionaires want to cry about losing money when they are millionaires ten times oner? Its time for civil war to break out and for you lethargic idiots to get out of your computer chairs and off the couches and take back the country that you have let be taken from you. Our founding fathers are rolling in their graves with this blasphemy that is going on and we all should be ashamed of ourselves!

    January 20, 2012 at 9:09 am | Report abuse |
    • KeithTexas

      We are ashamed, where is the battle front?

      January 23, 2012 at 12:20 am | Report abuse |
  2. Barry S.

    Leave things alone! NO sopa! Sites like youtube, etc. police themselves just fine. We don't need this crap! Keep the protests going until Congress gets our message!

    January 20, 2012 at 10:33 am | Report abuse |
  3. Ryan

    There is still a large disconnect here where large companies (and several commentors) believe that this law will funnel money into their pockets. No Mr. large media company, if someone pirates your content, it does not mean they were going to buy it. My years of pirating videos eventually turned into a Netflix account. Something tells me the figures given by media giants who support this bill rely on the assumption that every download is a direct loss of a ticket sale plus the retail price of the collectors edition blu-ray. Change that figure to the royalty for a single view off of Netflix (still a generously high assumption), factor in the free word of mouth advertising from the pirating community, and you'll see why your profits have continued to increase in spite of pirating.

    January 20, 2012 at 7:30 pm | Report abuse |
    • ElectronicsGuy

      my thoughts exactly. i work in the electronics dept of a major retailer and i pirated movies weeks before they hit dvd then when a customer asks "is this movie any good?" i can be honest and tell them the truth and 90% of the time make a sale for these fat cat movie companies that would have me put in jail. now i pirate yes but when i like what i pirate i buy it maybe not when it first comes out but when the price drops OH HELLZ YEAH

      January 25, 2012 at 12:21 am | Report abuse |
  4. Mandy O'pry

    Reblogged this on theninetiesrevolutionist.

    January 20, 2012 at 8:36 pm | Report abuse |
  5. george

    Rupert Murdoch himself have tweeted about their support. CNN’s parent company, Time Warner, is among those supporting the legislation. – I'm sooooo impressed.

    The issue is the structural integrity, the architecture, of the Internet, being fundamentally altered, as to allow for complete censorship of ANY SITE, ANYWHERE in the world. WWW = WORLD WIDE WEB by the US gov't.

    Your copyrights, are nothing more than smoke and mirrors.

    But to address your copyright concerns, which are legitimate and are of concern to all.

    The cost of censorship to present and future generations all over the world, is simply too high to justify your claim to copyrights when the solution is yours to fix.

    Invest in IT to help solve your problem, or change you business model.

    If you will not invest in IT to protect your copyrights and you demand world-wide-censorship to protect your income then perhaps you should develop a new skill set.

    As a side note: The crap you sell is not worth buying.
    No one will ever pay full price for the products produced by the "Entertainment" industry.

    It's like going to a garage sell. I might buy it super cheap, or for free, but NO ONE pays full price for the crap your industry produces.

    January 21, 2012 at 5:07 pm | Report abuse |
  6. Aisha W

    I don't get it , why now ?! so now they all suddenly care about online piracy ? plzzz ..

    January 21, 2012 at 11:29 pm | Report abuse |
  7. KeithTexas

    Facebook and Google didn't have the moral need to support the protest. Hope they choke on their money.

    January 23, 2012 at 12:18 am | Report abuse |
  8. funny

    Banks and corporations rob the american taxpayers for TRILLIONS its called a bailout

    some 12 year old downloads Enter Sandman from Metallica, a football game or a wrestling match. He is called A CROOK AND A TERRORIST PIRATE

    The real reason they still wanna control the net with bills like sopa pipa and open is cos the internet is uncensored and doesnt pander to corporate interests, unlike the mainstream media which i sowned by the fortune 500

    January 23, 2012 at 1:48 am | Report abuse |
  9. Ad Nauseam

    No matter how righteous the internet giants sound...it's really all about the money.

    January 23, 2012 at 9:29 am | Report abuse |
    • DoNotWorry

      Would citizens buying pirated goods be similar to businesses offshoring for slave labor? I suggest that Congress start representing human rights of its own citizens and let these global megacorporations use some of their trillions in offshored money to fight their own intellectual property battles. I assure you, I have seen them in action, and they bully and force nonviolating small U.S. businesses out of business merely on the threat of endless and expensive litigation. Are you truly in favor of additional protections for these global bullies?

      January 31, 2012 at 2:17 pm | Report abuse |
  10. DPhiLL

    Yeah all this SOPA and PIPA stuff is a Government cover up! The blackouts have been caused by Solar bursts knocking out satellites all over the world! WAKE UP PEOPLE! Whats it gonna take!?

    January 23, 2012 at 9:51 am | Report abuse |
  11. Ty Kenney


    January 23, 2012 at 12:34 pm | Report abuse |
  12. DoNotWorry

    Would citizens buying pirated goods be similar to businesses offshoring for slave labor? I do respect the intellectual property rights of American corporations; however, corporations do not respect the rights of American labor. These demands for respect are only going one way. In fact, it seems inappropriate for corporations to incorporate here, get all tax and welfare benefits, and utilize slave labor in any format at home or overseas. I suggest that Congress start representing human rights of its own citizens and let these global megacorporations use some of their trillions in offshored money to fight their own intellectual property battles. I assure you, I have seen them in action, and they bully and force nonviolating small U.S. businesses out of business merely on the threat of endless and expensive litigation. Are you truly in favor of additional protections for these global bullies?

    January 31, 2012 at 2:14 pm | Report abuse |
  13. Nukker

    Leave it to the US to try to control everything that has power in the world. Thank god that it didn't pass, but I am still very afraid of what is going on in those little senator's heads

    February 27, 2012 at 10:30 pm | Report abuse |
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