City council hopeful: 'My English is good enough'
Alejandrina Cabrera answers questions about her ability to speak English in Yuma County Court.
January 30th, 2012
01:11 PM ET

City council hopeful: 'My English is good enough'

When a judge ruled that Alejandrina Cabrera’s name couldn’t be on the ballot for City Council in San Luis, Arizona, because she couldn’t speak English well enough, it was not only a blow to her, but to her fellow citizens, Cabrera told CNN.

“When he took my right to be on the ballot he took away the right of the people who want to vote for me,” Cabrera said in an interview conducted in Spanish with CNN en Español.

A battle over Cabrera's run for office began when Juan Carlos Escamilla, the mayor of San Luis, said he was concerned that Cabrera might not have the proper grasp of the language for the job. Escamilla filed a lawsuit in December that asked a court to determine whether Cabrera's skills qualified her under state law to run for the council seat.

The fight began as a purely political one, with opponents seeking to block her from running for office after she tried to recall Escamilla from office twice, according to The New York Times. But it has turned into a firestorm in a town where many constituents have the same grasp of English as Cabrera. Those questions, and the political fight they stirred, led to a court hearing to determine whether Cabrera spoke English well enough to be able to run for office. The ruling was that she did not.

The issues at the center of this debate: Just how much English must you understand to run for a political office? And what does it mean to be proficient?

According to a judge, you need to know more English than Cabrera was able to demonstrate.

But by Cabrera's account, she's fluent enough to serve her community, and she isn't running for national office.

“I think my English is good enough to hold public office in San Luis, Arizona,” she told CNN.

“I am not going to help (at the White House)," she added. "I will be helping here.”

When she said her English is good enough for San Luis, she brings up a point that’s been a large part of the debate about her language skills.

In San Luis, 87% of residents speak a language other than English in their home and 98.7% are of Hispanic origin, according to 2010 U.S. Census data.  Most of the people there, by all accounts, speak in English and in Spanish. In the comfort of communal settings, they'll speak the way they're most comfortable.

Which may be why, when CNN en Español asked if she would conduct the interview in English, her lawyer instructed her to speak only in Spanish.

Instead of the confident, strong way she speaks in Spanish to the residents of San Luis, Cabrera speaks a bit more slowly, and perhaps with a bit less conviction, when she switches to English. That's something she admits, but she says that she can communicate at the level she needs to in English, given where she lives. She grades her English proficiency at a 5 on a scale from 1 to 10.

“It is true my English is not fluid, I am a very honest so I can tell you I’m not fluid in English, but I do understand it. I can read a a letter. I can read a book,” Cabrera said. “Right now I have a private tutor helping me improve my English.”

While she’s doing that, Cabrera still feels her language skills are where they need to be.

“From my point of view, it would be more helpful to have someone who speaks Spanish (in San Luis),” she said.

Escamilla, the mayor who began the fight over Cabrera’s skills, notes that many of the other council members are also Hispanic but they are truly bilingual.

“With all due respect for Ms. Cabrera, I think she is a good person, but her understanding in English is not good enough. She struggles to speak it, and she doesn’t understand it,” he said. “All our meetings are in English.”

During the court hearing on the issue, Yuma County Superior Court Judge John Nelson made the ruling after testimony from linguistics experts and Cabrera's own testimony, where she answered questions and read a few documents.

Cabrera, a U.S. citizen who graduated from the bilingual Kofa High School in Yuma, Arizona, was questioned in English on the stand about where she graduated, where she was born and what her name was. She was able to tell her lawyer her name and where she was born, but struggled with what school she had graduated from, according to the Yuma Sun.

Cabrera believes that ruling is stripping her of the her right to run for office. Escamilla believes the court is just enforcing the law.

In 2006, Arizona passed a law that made English the official language of the state. Earlier, in 1910, Congress passed the Enabling Act, which allowed Arizona to become a state with certain requirements. Among them was one that addressed the English language.

"The ability to read, write, speak, and understand the English language sufficiently well to conduct the duties of the office without aid of an interpreter shall be a necessary qualification for all state officers and members of the state legislature," a section of the act reads.

But Cabrera's lawyers argued in court that her disqualification was unfair and may be unconstitutional, seeing as there is not an actual standard for a specific level of proficiency for a council candidate.

That’s something Escamilla disagrees with vehemently.

“We are not taking Alejandrina’s rights away - we are just following the state law,” he said.

Cabrera believes the mayor and others have taken the issue too far, that she is well-qualified to serve the community she lives in, and that the language testing she was given was at a much higher level than necessary.

“I am not applying for a job with President Obama,” she said. “All I want is to do my job as an activist helping my community.”

Glenn Gimbut, the city attorney for San Luis, says he believes the right decision was made for the people of San Luis.

“The votes of the people who might have voted for her would have been wasted, because they could have voted for someone better prepared to be an elected official,” Gimbut told CNN.

But one resident, Ana Maria Beal, said that someone with Cabrera’s background is exactly the kind of person she’d like to see represent her.

“She is someone who wants to work and worries for our people. That’s the type of person we need up there,” she said. “We don’t want someone who comes from Harvard.”

And that sentiment may be why Cabrera plans to appeal the decision, according to an interview with the Yuma Sun.

“I can't give details about the appeal, but the judge's decision was not just,” Cabrera told the newspaper. “He can't take away my constitutional rights, and if he takes away my rights, he takes away the rights of the community.”

While we’ll have to wait and see what happens with an appeal, one thing is sure: Cabrera’s case has sparked a national debate about whether English should be the official language of the country and also leaves open many questions about the democratic process.

Let us know what you think about Cabrera’s situation and her response to being taken off the ballot in the comments section below.

- Journalist Valeria Fernandez, CNN Español's Gabriela Frias, Fernando del Rincon and Gustavo Valdes contributed to this report.

soundoff (1,720 Responses)
  1. Imported

    I wasn't even born in this country and was required to show a proficient knowledge of the English language before I was able to move here with my American-born wife. That said, until the US adopts English as its official language, she should not be stopped from joining city council. If need be the meetings will have to become bi-lingual. That's simply the law.

    I would much rather see the US adopt English as its official language and effectively stop all this non-sense. If we don't, there'll be no end to these types of battles, and in 100 years we'll all be speaking anglo-spanish-chinese (aka Blade Runnerish).

    January 30, 2012 at 3:09 pm | Report abuse |
  2. Jeff

    I believe that the judge is correct. Allowing her to hold public office in the United States undermines the basic tenet of the melting-pot society on which our country is based. How can we stand strong as a country if we can't speak the same language?

    January 30, 2012 at 3:09 pm | Report abuse |
    • Shuichi

      Roy, you are being smneomud to comment on the BwB post on the use of 'they' as a singular pronoun. If you have the time, we would love to read your thoughts.

      February 11, 2012 at 12:33 am | Report abuse |
  3. Ron

    No speakil ingrish. What a joke. Go run for office in Mexico.

    January 30, 2012 at 3:10 pm | Report abuse |
  4. noel

    si, no habla espanol!!! OBAMANOS 2012!!!

    January 30, 2012 at 3:11 pm | Report abuse |
  5. Onegood1

    A mantha – Bush speaks just fine. As I channel him now he is saying why don't you crawl back into your nucular hole.
    All governmental units in the US should be English only.

    January 30, 2012 at 3:11 pm | Report abuse |
    • jsf12

      Find a recording of one of Bush's speeches on Social Security. In addition to important accurate information that Congress chose to ignore (to the detriment of all of us), you can hear clear correct vocabulary and grammar with a slight Massachusetts accent and none of the Texas redneck accent Bush more often used.
      It is unfortunate that Bush found it politically effective to talk like a Texas Redneck. It is frightening that the US electorate is more comfortable with fake stupidity that Bush projected and real stupidity that Obama projects, than with the intelligence and hard work visible in someone like Romney.
      But all that aside, you cannot compare intentional mispronunciation (that was designed to be perfectly understandable even if blatantly noticeable) to an inability to communicate in English.

      January 30, 2012 at 3:45 pm | Report abuse |
  6. marycontrary

    Life in the U.S. has made it such that Spanish speaking immigrants don't NEED to learn to speak or read or write English. Everything is translated in Spanish everywhere you look and go. Several years ago a high school Mexican immigrant was quoted in a local newspaper as saying she loves it here in the U.S. because she doesn't even need to learn English because everything is already in Spanish. The lady in this article is reaping the results.

    January 30, 2012 at 3:11 pm | Report abuse |
  7. Terry G

    Moral of the Story – If you want to be a citizen of the US – learn to Speak English

    January 30, 2012 at 3:12 pm | Report abuse |
    • Cataylor

      Read the article! She is a citizen! Maybe you should learn to read as well as speak english!

      January 30, 2012 at 3:18 pm | Report abuse |
  8. lauren

    The article from last week stated that should could not say the name of her high school. If you can't pronounce the name of your high school that you GRADUATED from, then you definitely don't know enough English to serve in office.

    January 30, 2012 at 3:14 pm | Report abuse |
    • Spenser Amadeus

      Not to mention what it says about the school that awarded you a diploma.

      January 30, 2012 at 3:18 pm | Report abuse |
  9. Anon

    I feel bad for anybody who lives in that racist state. Cabrera should just flee before she's mistakenly deported the next time she crosses the street in front of the police station.

    January 30, 2012 at 3:14 pm | Report abuse |
  10. John Schwendler

    Let's see. We're in America. The language here is English. What is the problem? She either can speak it and understand it or she can't. It would be disastrous for our country to further divide itself by language. Our history is one of continued, un-questioned assimiliation by every ethnic group to walk upon our shores. All without exception have their neighborhoods and their clubs and their cultures and their customs mostly intact. And, I think for one that this is how it should be. Moving permanently to a new country doesn't mean one must give up everything they have ever know. We wouldn't be a melting pot in the Great Experiment otherwise. However, to be a truly united country, it is best that one language be used. That language happens to be English. No one I hope, is saying that people can't speak in their native tongues. But, business should be conducted in English. In schools, stores, offices, and at all govt. levels. The cost of doing business in a bi-lingual method is cost-prohibitive. Just ask any school district that had to hire translators, bus monitors, aides, etc.

    January 30, 2012 at 3:14 pm | Report abuse |
  11. DamMad

    This persons language is most likely above an everyday americans language from what I hear on streets everyday. My wife is Latino and she is very good and Engilish, but according to Arizona rulling she too would not be qualified. This is racistist in nature, particularly in a community of almost all Latino. Stop to BS and put her on the balot.

    January 30, 2012 at 3:15 pm | Report abuse |
    • Goodwyn

      Your English is pitiful, btw.

      January 30, 2012 at 3:28 pm | Report abuse |
    • jsf12

      The transcript of the hearing was published online. Read it. You will see she demonstrated a clear inability to understand simple questions in spoken English. This was not about speaking slowly or with a thick accent, with incorrect grammar or word choice. This was about the total inability to understand simple information from spoken English.

      January 30, 2012 at 3:50 pm | Report abuse |
  12. Engrish Major

    I think if someone wants to hold a public political office in the United States of America they need to be fluent in the national language, ie ENGRISH! NOT SHPANRISH DUMB MEXICRANS!

    January 30, 2012 at 3:16 pm | Report abuse |
  13. Mitt

    She needs to "Self deported" herself back to Mexico!! lol

    January 30, 2012 at 3:18 pm | Report abuse |
  14. AzHitman

    Just make English the official language, that way we can all understand each other. An elected official you can't understand makes no sense.

    January 30, 2012 at 3:19 pm | Report abuse |
  15. Dan

    She can thank the public school system that allowed her to graduate without learning to speak English. The system has been dumbed down so everyone can get a diploma whether they deserve one or not.

    January 30, 2012 at 3:19 pm | Report abuse |
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