Arizona law leaves divisive legacy
Sergio Paez says Arizona's immigration law has hurt his tortilla business.
April 25th, 2012
07:53 AM ET

Arizona law leaves divisive legacy

The past few years haven’t been the best for a man trying to make an honest living selling tortillas in Arizona. Business owner Sergio Paez estimates that he has lost 20 businesses as customers in the past three years, from small neighborhood taquerias to chain restaurants.

In 2010, his tortilla business was suffering thanks to the nationwide recession. Then Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer signed into law the state's controversial immigration enforcement policy known as SB 1070, and things got even worse, he said.

“The law affected the immigrant population dramatically,” said Paez, a naturalized citizen from Mexico whose Phoenix-area factory produces about 200 dozen tortillas an hour.

“The economy had already been going down with the housing crisis - construction stopped, people were losing homes, jobs, cars. That triggered the recession, but I think this law aggravated it here.”

With oral arguments before the U.S. Supreme Court set for Wednesday in the Obama administration’s constitutional challenge to the law, the outcome will have far-reaching implications for Arizona and other states that have implemented similar policies since 2010.

But critics of Arizona’s law believe the damage has been done. Aside from its economic impact, they say, the law has torn apart families, divided communities and sown distrust of law enforcement. Moreover, there’s a fair share of fatigue over the subject, with some saying the battle over 1070 has distracted attention from far more serious issues facing the state.

Not everyone perceives the effects as negative. If undocumented immigrants are leaving the state in fear, then the law is working, said Phoenix resident Ana Gaines. She also said crime rates are down, citing county attorney statistics that CNN was unable to immediately verify.

The broader impact of the law resides in the message it sends by its very nature, said Gaines, who has become the public face of the law's supporters.

“I love this country and there’s nowhere else I’d rather be. But I would never want to be here illegally,” said Gaines, a naturalized U.S. citizen from Mexico. “This law tells people that Arizona does not welcome illegals, plain and simple. You can come at your own risk or go somewhere else.”

Exact numbers of people who have left the state because of the law are hard to come by, but both camps know it’s happening. By now, it’s a familiar narrative: Fearing persecution by law enforcement, many Hispanics, both legal and undocumented, stayed in their homes. Businesses, especially those that catered primarily to the Hispanic community, took a hit. People fled the state - some to prevent their families from being torn apart, others in search of work.

Mario, 20, is an undocumented immigrant whose parents brought him to Arizona from Mexico when he was 2. Shortly before SB 1070 took effect in July 2010, his parents sold most of their possessions, packed his two younger siblings into their Chevy Tahoe and moved to Texas. Also undocumented, they were afraid of being arrested and deported. Mario insisted on staying, refusing to run from the place he considered home.

“If it happens in Arizona, who says it won’t happen in Texas? If you run away from one state then maybe another state will catch on to that. If all 50 of them get together, maybe they’ll run us out of the country,” he said. “Leaving the country would be leaving my home and I believe that I am an American.”

Times have been tough since his family left, Mario said. Without enough money to support himself, he bounces around the homes of friends, dividing his time between work and school, which he pays for in full because he can’t apply for financial aid.

But he’s lonely without his family and he wonders if he did the right thing by peeling away from them.

“I hope they don’t have a grudge against me, because sometimes I feel like I didn’t stick with them when they were in fear. I looked out for my own personal gain and not what’s better for the family on the whole,” he said. “I hope they understand that I’m standing for what I believe in, my right to stay in my home.”

The law’s critics will tell you they’re not “pro-illegal immigration” or “anti-American.” Many support secure borders along with pathways to legal citizenship for those who deserve it and policy reform based on free-market principles.

Yet any discussion of “common-sense, comprehensive” solutions on the federal or state level seems to have been relegated to the back burner while 1070 is front and center, said Arizona blogger Julie Erfle.

Its prominence in the news cycle has ebbed and flowed in the past year, she said, with the recall election of Sen. Russell Pearce, the law’s main sponsor, and a federal investigation into Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio, whose reputation for impromptu raids and rough handling of inmates made him the focus of a Department of Justice probe.

“It’s not just 1070 but the DOJ investigation of Arpaio, the recall election, all these things have really led to this divisive attitude and wall of distrust between the Latino community and law enforcement,” she said. “The actual law hasn’t changed much because it was enjoined but the effects of the law are more psychological. It has served to divide the community and stifle debate on other important issues.”

Cuts to education and chronic unemployment are some of the issues on the minds of most Arizonans, she said.

“Definitely, the people who are fighting against 1070 see it as stain on Arizona’s reputation. But by and large, the people in Arizona are tired of it dominating every discussion. They want to talk about other problems and solutions."

Erfle’s journey to Washington to hear arguments in the gallery Wednesday began with the shooting death of her husband, a Phoenix police officer and cancer survivor who was killed by an undocumented immigrant. Her search for information generated months of discussion with law enforcement, immigration attorneys and faith leaders and led her to believe that the roots of the problem required something more than an enforcement-only approach.

“Immigration reform is incredibly important to me and to be here for what’s definitely a history-making event was a difficult opportunity to pass over,” she said.

At this point, Paez is not sure how the Supreme Court case will affect him, regardless of its outcome. He’s too focused on the daily goals of attracting more clients and diversifying operations with new products, like fried taco shells and tostadas. Slowly but surely, he’s generating positive momentum, he said.

Still, if the law is upheld in its entirety, then the labor force will surely shrink, and there won’t be enough citizens to take all the low-paying jobs in restaurants and agriculture, he surmised. If the Supreme Court strikes it down, politicians will surely fight to resurrect it, thus continuing the cycle of angry rhetoric and protests, none of which helps draw investors from outside the state.

“It takes time to build confidence again for people to invest here,” he said, “I don't know how many people are willing to invest in this type of economy, especially in Arizona, where so many people have left and they’re worried about hiring people with no documents.

“Of course, they need to stop illegal immigration. How they’re going to do that, I don’t think anybody has the answer for that yet.”

Two opposing views on Arizona law

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Filed under: Arizona • Courts • Immigration • Justice
soundoff (452 Responses)
  1. SR1987

    I doubt it that all of the states will follow this approach. The red states will, but not the blue state. Now since this has already happened, I predict Arizona will turn blue this November!! Obama is up by 4% over Mitt in Arizona. Obama 2012!!!

    April 26, 2012 at 2:11 am | Report abuse |
  2. Laura

    I think we've all just HAD IT with Mexicans coming here illegally, then throwing their weight around demanding things like signs in spanish and free education for their kids. Cannot believe they are allowed to buy land and go to college here. Then we get to listen to them complain about OUR country too? They have over stayed their "welcome" – go back to Mexico and fix your own corrupt, filthy country. We don't want you here in our neighborhoods turning them into barrios thank you.

    April 26, 2012 at 2:45 am | Report abuse |
  3. jake

    What I don't understand is why illegals think it's their God given right to drive illegally. It's not racist to insist only licensed drivers drive! It's not racial profiling for an officer to pull over a car for speeding and ask for ID. If you don't have a drivers license then why on earth are you driving!! Get off the road you're not allowed to drive. Most Americans adults have a drivers license, even if it's been suspended or not renewed you're in the system. If you're not- there's a reason why and 9 times out of 10 it's because someone is illegal. That's not racial profiling- it's common sense.

    April 26, 2012 at 3:38 am | Report abuse |
  4. CJ Topspin

    "and sown distrust of law enforcement." Uh..actually the MEDIA does that all on its own.

    April 26, 2012 at 4:26 am | Report abuse |
  5. Commojoe

    I couldn't agree more, and thanks for your service, Marine!

    April 26, 2012 at 4:55 am | Report abuse |
  6. RD Carrington

    It has never been the purpose of immigration law to provide cheap workers for employers or customers for businesses that choose to cater to them. This whining and the constant excuses for not following the law – are the real "divisive" issues.

    April 26, 2012 at 6:34 am | Report abuse |
  7. Jean

    I'm sorry, he is no American. If you are born from here from parents who weren't supposed to be here in the first place you are not an US CITIZEN. You are an illegal just like your illegal family members. Boo Hoo, if you miss them so much go back and live with your family.

    April 26, 2012 at 7:39 am | Report abuse |
  8. Lisa

    Obama's Aunt Zeituni Illegal Alien Welfare Case since 2000, Free Housing & More

    April 26, 2012 at 7:50 am | Report abuse |
  9. DoNotWorry

    For those of you who want to pretend that the United States would be immoral and cruel to police its borders: Mexico shoots illegals from south of its borders with machine guns. Think it over.

    April 26, 2012 at 8:00 am | Report abuse |
  10. russell gill

    why do people want sertian laws upheld and others not ooohh ya when it fit there peorpose then they want the law to be upheld if they are here illegaly then they should be deported there alot of mexecan that come here leagaly look for a better life i personally support the law

    April 26, 2012 at 8:14 am | Report abuse |
  11. Justice

    They move to Texas, where car insurance is the highest in the country thanks to illegals, crime is up, it will never happen in Texas, Farmers Branch a city that wanted to pass an ordinance not to rent to ellegals, because one will rent toher 30 will move in the same apartment, the Mayor was sued, etc.
    Illegals are giving free medical care while legal residents and citizens are not.
    Perry protects illegals, because he is a closet Mexican.

    April 26, 2012 at 8:34 am | Report abuse |
  12. vet4life63

    What's the fastest way to clear out a ER of people there for "splinter removal" or for "ingrown toenail" that are there on Govt assistance? Wear a hat and shirt with the Border control patch on it. Suddenly the wait time is reduced in half for more serious things.

    April 26, 2012 at 9:06 am | Report abuse |
  13. Ned Racine

    Great. The loons are in town.

    April 26, 2012 at 9:07 am | Report abuse |
  14. Ned Racine

    News Flash. The reason business is down is because people like me refuse to deal with racist Arizona. I boycott all Arizona businesses. In fact, I go out of my way to ensure I and my company avoid dealing with Arizona.

    April 26, 2012 at 9:10 am | Report abuse |
    • Graced

      @Ned Racine And I'm sure they're grateful not to have your anti-American dollars. And good for you! It's the illegals and their supporters you love so much that are suffering the most. Good job!

      April 26, 2012 at 9:43 am | Report abuse |
    • Steve

      Ned, it is people like yourself that throw out the term racist with complete ignorance. This is about law and nothing else, so stop using that tired old argument. If you came to this country legally, doing all the paper work, paying the fees, waiting then you would outraged as well.

      April 26, 2012 at 12:14 pm | Report abuse |
    • ed


      April 26, 2012 at 12:48 pm | Report abuse |
    • muhtah32

      Arizona is going to HELL...they're gonna beg those "illegals" to return once everyone starts boycotting them..f u governor and sheriff A hole

      April 26, 2012 at 3:46 pm | Report abuse |
    • art


      April 26, 2012 at 4:14 pm | Report abuse |
  15. Think

    Laws against theft, murder, drug dealing and assault break up families every day as well. Perhaps we should get rid of all laws, thus protecting families from the pain of separation.

    April 26, 2012 at 9:20 am | Report abuse |
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