Go ahead and use drones to track down criminals, to combat illegal immigration or for search-and-rescue missions. But to issue traffic citations?
No way, say Americans.
A recent Monmouth University poll showed there was overwhelming support for using unmanned aircraft in a variety of circumstances, but routine police work was not one of them.
Fewer than a quarter of the 1,708 adults surveyed last week said they would OK the use of drones to issue speeding tickets. Sixty-seven percent said they opposed the idea, and 10% had no opinion. The poll has a margin of error of plus or minus 2.4 percentage points (view a PDF here).
Compare that with the approval ratings for other drone applications: illegal immigration (64%), rescue missions (80%) and locating criminals (67%). The poll also indicates that 64% of Americans would be concerned about their privacy if U.S. law enforcement agencies began using drones with high-tech cameras.
Under the FAA Modernization and Reform Act, which President Barack Obama signed in February, the Federal Aviation Administration is charged with developing a plan ‚Äúfor the safe integration of civil unmanned aircraft systems into the national airspace system as soon as practicable, but not later than September 30, 2015.‚ÄĚ
The act is in response to the strict FAA regulations on drone use. It loosens those restrictions, allowing many government agencies to get swifter FAA permission to operate the unmanned aerial vehicles. It also allows any "government public safety agency to operate unmanned aircraft weighing 4.4 pounds or less," if certain criteria are met.
The FAA has authorized drone use for dozens of entities, including more than 20 universities, the U.S. military, local police forces, the FBI, NASA and the U.S. departments of Agriculture, Interior and Energy.
Drone uses vary greatly, according to an FAA document issued in March that outlines how drones will be used in six test ranges.
Not only can their objectives encompass everything from surveillance to searches to air quality testing, they can take many forms. Wingspans range from 6 inches to 240 feet. Weights run the gamut from 4 ounces to 16 tons.
"One thing they have in common is that their numbers and uses are growing dramatically. In the United States alone, approximately 50 companies, universities and government organizations are developing and producing some 155 unmanned aircraft designs,‚ÄĚ according to the FAA.
The agency says it will select the test ranges in late 2012, with the first location becoming operational in 2013. The FAA currently has a test site at New Mexico State University, which it‚Äôs been using since June 2011.
There have been few incidents with domestic drone use, aside from an accident this month when a $176 million Navy RQ-4A Global Hawk went down in a marsh outside Salisbury, Maryland.
Outside the U.S., however, there has been widespread opposition to American reliance on drones to take out terrorists. A recent Pew Research Center poll showed that the U.S. was the only country among 20 surveyed that approved of using drones to kill extremist leaders in countries such as Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia.
Sixty-two percent of Americans approved of the strikes. The only country with an approval rate rivaling the U.S. was Britain with 44% (47% disapproved). Approval ratings for the other 18 countries ranged from 5% in Greece to 38% in Germany.
A separate Pew survey in Pakistan showed equally ardent opposition, with 58% of those surveyed saying the strikes were unnecessary, 58% saying they are conducted without government approval and 93% saying the attacks kill too many innocent people.
In an April letter to the FAA‚Äôs acting administrator, Michael Huerta, the chairmen of the Congressional Bipartisan Privacy Caucus said they had numerous concerns about how the drones would be used.
While lauding the benefits of deploying drones in U.S. airspace ‚Äď including for ‚Äúspotting wildfires and assessing natural disasters‚ÄĚ ‚Äď Reps. Ed Markey, D-Massachusetts, and Joe Barton, R-Texas, said ‚Äúthere is also the potential for drone technology to enable invasive and pervasive surveillance without adequate privacy protections."
‚ÄúMany drones are designed to carry surveillance equipment, including video cameras, thermal imagers, radar and wireless network ‚Äėsniffers,‚Äô ‚ÄĚ the representatives wrote. ‚ÄúThe surveillance power of drones is amplified when the information from on-board sensors is used in conjunction with facial recognition, behavior analysis, license plate recognition or any other system than can identify and track individuals as they go about their daily lives.‚ÄĚ
The congressmen closed by asking several questions. Among them: How does the FAA grant temporary licenses? Who has been certified in the past? Have any applications been denied, and if so, why? Is the public notified about where the drones are used? Who operates the drones? What data are collected? How does the FAA plan to make its drone use transparent?
The American Civil Liberties union also chimed in last year, saying that as drones become increasingly cheaper, law enforcement would ramp up its use of the technology, according to the December report, ‚ÄúProtecting Privacy From Aerial Surveillance: Recommendations for Government Use of Drone Aircraft.‚ÄĚ
In the report, the watchdog group said drone usage should be limited to instances in which police believe they can collect evidence on a specific crime. If the drone will intrude on someone‚Äôs privacy, police should be required to obtain a warrant. There should also be restrictions on storing images of people, the ACLU said.
If the FAA cannot ensure people‚Äôs privacy, Congress should take action, the report demanded.
‚ÄúThe deployment of drone technology domestically could easily lead to police fishing expeditions and invasive, all-encompassing surveillance that would seriously erode the privacy that we have always had as Americans,‚ÄĚ attorney Catherine Crump, one of the report‚Äôs co-authors, said.
In February, as the Senate considered HR 658 (the would-be FAA Modernization and Reform Act), the ACLU warned that Congress was trying to ‚Äúfast-track domestic drone use‚ÄĚ at the expense of Americans‚Äô privacy.
In addition to concerns that unmanned aircraft crash more frequently than their manned counterparts, the ACLU said nothing in HR 658 addresses the ‚Äúvery serious privacy issues.‚ÄĚ
‚ÄúThis bill would push the nation willy-nilly toward an era of aerial surveillance without any steps to protect the traditional privacy that Americans have always enjoyed and expected," wrote senior policy analyst Jay Stanley.
‚ÄúWe don‚Äôt want to wonder, every time we step out our front door, whether some eye in the sky is watching our every move.‚ÄĚ
Overheard on CNN.com: Unmanned drones ignite domestic surveillance debate
If this comes to pass, then I will invest heavily in companies that make plain, black umbrellas. Track me now, suckers.
Then be sure not to carry or use a cell phone or GPS tool. This is a slippery slope that has nowhere to go but from bad to really really bad.
Sorry, but that Drone looked like a Pheasant in the twilight....
Robocop was fiction correct?
We shouldn't be allowing government and police forces to be using these drones at all idiots. Only round up the illegals. Use it against the cartels but don't use it against me speeding down the highway, LOL. You are not going to have it both ways, idiots.
Obama administration's treatment of the terrorists and citizens are same?
With over 350 million firearms and growing in the US, ammo sales up 300%, we will be seeing a lot of these drones laying dead in the streets and fields. I'm ready.
don't use them for any purposes. screw law enforcement.
What a paranoid nation, Drones in our own skies? I don't care what purpose they serve. Why do we let this happen?
Im ok with it as long as the ticket isnt delivered by the drone via Hellfire.
Im sure people objected to radar, laser, and vascar too. Don't fear the tech. Let it help you obey the law. If you dont like the speed limit then pressure your rep to change it.
Well I'm sorry if I don't liked being watched on every single thing I do. Would you like the government watching you while you eat, sleep, bathe, listen to private conversations in your home, watch you while you drive, go to buy groceries, know where you are at all times, and while you read or write?
Americans have no concept of freedom. They have the kind of kleptocracy they deserve.
Big brother will be watching. I saw you spit on the sidewalk.....
Fighting a "speeding violation" would be easy. The real issue is why are unmanned aircraft going to operate in my airspace (as a pilot) and who is making sure they don't mistake my Piper Cherokee as a terrorist threat and blow me out of the sky, or worse, as an UNMANNED aircraft, who is making sure that the sensors SENSE my presence and don't fly right into me? I can do "see and avoid" when I look out my windows. These things have cameras that don't see much of the sky at once and likely rely on computerized systems to "see and avoid". The FAA should only focus on their safe operation in the sky, not the application of the drones. The DOJ needs to be tasked to represent the (il)legality of the usage.
Most all US citizens approved of President Obama using drones on suspected war on terror criminals, even when two passport carrying US citizens were droned-down in Yemen recently.
You already apporved of drones being used for worse things than traffic tickets. Get a clue everyone.
Never again do I want to hear from the liberals about the rights they lost under Bush.
They're already using automatic cameras to catch people running red lights. The difference between that and drone speed planes is strictly cosmetic.