July 23rd, 2012
05:04 PM ET

Do sanctions alter history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy?

The NCAA's actions on Monday seem to be about more than just punishing Penn State's future football teams for the school's role in the Jerry Sandusky scandal.

In addition to the fines, bans and other sanctions it handed down that will hurt the storied program for a long time, in some eyes, the NCAA has wiped out almost all of the success of teams under coach Joe Paterno starting the moment he learned about Jerry Sandusky's actions but didn't do anything about it.

"Obviously, the 1998 date was selected because that's when the first reported incidents of abuse occurred and that's when the failure to respond appropriately began," NCAA President Mark Emmert said during a news conference on Monday. "And that was the point of time from which one could make an argument, of course, that the failures began inside the institution, so it seemed to both me and the executive committee that that was the appropriate beginning date."

Emmert's message was clear: The NCAA was choosing to punish a culture of silence, a culture that protected the program above all moral obligations and those responsible for making it that way.

Vacating wins has long been a debate in all sports. And so there is no surprise that the NCAA's ruling on Monday sent the debate over the decision to vacate the wins into a tailspin. But it raised questions about the implications the sanctions will have on past and current players, Paterno's legacy and ultimately Penn State's place among the best football programs.

Some say you can erase the wins, but it is an empty punishment that does nothing to move the university forward and doesn't ultimately change the facts. Others say it is the best way to punish a school: by wiping out a massive chunk of its history.

ESPN analyst and lawyer Jay Bilas told CNN that while the Penn State situation is egregious, the NCAA failed in doling out the penalties to the right people.

He believes the NCAA hammered the institution but failed to really hit those he believes are responsible, including former President Graham Spanier, former Athletic Director Tim Curley, former Interim Senior Vice President for Business and Finance Gary Schultz and Paterno.

“All any of them had to do was communicate (the Sandusky reports) to someone else. And all of them chose to be silent,” he said. “That’s unforgivable and unconscionable. The suggestions or implication that the football culture made them abandon their human decency is kind of offensive. Football didn’t do that; that was done by four individuals in positions of authority that could not be counted upon to do the right.”

And the message sent by the NCAA and Penn State based on the consent decree, Bilas believes, is that the culture of football was at fault, and so that institution should be punished. But Bilas believes that message neglects to get at the really heart of the issue.

“Putting this off on football just glosses over the fact that individuals were at a fault here, and they are not being held to account,” he said.

Bilas said he understood the frustration and anger of current and former Penn State players who say that by punishing the institution, the NCAA was punishing them, too.

"Yes, Joe Paterno turned out to be a really bad person. But he won more games than any college coach in history. That’s a fact," Forbes writer Mike Ozanian wrote. "Barry Bonds holds both the all-time and single season home run records in baseball. That’s a fact. We might not like either fact. But we should also be treated as mature and adult enough to be able to discern on our own the difference between sports heroes and villains."

For the players on the affected Penn State teams, taking away those 112 games means they have essentially become collateral damage to the institution they so proudly represented on the field, when they probably had no idea what was happening off the field. The 2005 team will argue that its one-loss season and Orange Bowl win cannot be erased.

Who pays the price for sanctions? | What happens to Penn State football?

Others argue that the scars of their efforts still remain even if the win column looks different. Adam Taliaferro, a former player under Paterno, tweeted about a plate in his neck that is a lasting reminder of his spinal cord injury from playing at Penn State.

[tweet https://twitter.com/Tali43/status/227433115050717184%5D

For them, the emotions and the sacrifices that they left on the field have been tainted. Former Penn State player Derek Moye says the vacating of victories ordered by the NCAA can't erase his memories of what he has been a part of.

[tweet https://twitter.com/dmoye6/status/227410096861372416%5D

Former Penn State player A. Q. Shipley tweeted a picture of rings he won at Penn State.

[tweet https://twitter.com/aqshipley/status/227414666773667841%5D

And former defensive end Devon Still tweeted a picture of a ring that was given out to players when Paterno passed the 400-win mark. No NCAA ruling will take that moment for him, he said.

[tweet https://twitter.com/Dev_Still71/status/227463677278838784%5D

Almost all of the former players note that their frustrations pale in comparison to those of the victims. But still, this sanction in particular stings deep for them. They believe they are paying the price for actions they did not commit.

Bilas said that is often the case when it comes to NCAA sanctions.

“The NCAA winds up more often than not sanctioning institutions rather than individuals,” said. “They’ve always punished into the future and the ones that are left behind. This is business as usual. It is always the current players that take the hit, the current coach that takes the hit.”

Bilas had hoped that sanctions would include show-cause orders for the top officials as a way to force Penn State to disassociate themselves with those involved at the highest levels.

A show-cause penalty has been used by the NCAA to punish coaches and officials before. It essentially puts penalties on them not just at their current jobs but also should they choose go elsewhere, often leaving them without a job at the college level.

In some ways, vacating the wins can be seen as the biggest slap in the face possible. It may in part be the least overall harmful sanction, but it may have the longest impact. In some ways, it forever alters the history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy as a whole.

“I think it's pretty clear that this was about dismantling a football program that the NCAA executive committee and board felt had gotten too big,” Bilas said. “That conclusion is inescapable. They wouldn’t have involved itself but for the fact that football was omnipotent and revered to that level.”

Paterno, as the most visible and symbolic figure of the institution, has perhaps been hit the hardest. On top of Penn State removing the statue of the man who defined the program for years, the move of vacating wins dethrones the Happy Valley hero from the title he clung to most: the winningest coach in college football. He achieved it during his last game, and many close to him said that goal was what he was holding on to as he coached into his later years.

Vacating the wins may be the least overall harmful sanction, but it may have the longest impact. In some ways, it forever alters the history books on Penn State and Paterno's legacy as a whole.

Photos: Final tributes, Paterno statue removed

The NCAA's move sent Paterno from the top of the heap with the most wins down to 12th all-time and fifth for Division I schools.

Paterno's family issued a statement saying that they feel the coach has unfairly been defamed and now shamed without having the chance to defend himself.

"The release of the Freeh report has triggered an avalanche of vitriol, condemnation and posthumous punishment on Joe Paterno. The NCAA has now become the latest party to accept the report as the final word on the Sandusky scandal," the family said in a statement. "The sanctions announced by the NCAA today defame the legacy and contributions of a great coach and educator without any input from our family or those who knew him best."

Penn State review recasts story of football hero Paterno

Now, his friend Bobby Bowden sits at the top of the heap as the winningest coach.

And Bowden knows a thing or two about being in the midst of NCAA troubles. He had 12 wins vacated by the NCAA for the time he was coach at Florida State University relating to ineligible players and an academic scandal. With those wins, he would have been sitting atop Paterno for the most wins even before the NCAA sanctions.

Bowden said he remembers how upset he was having those wins taken away, but he acknowledges that a much more horrible situation occurred at Penn State than just academics or player issues.

"I'm not rejoicing," Bowden told CNN.

The coach said he was truly surprised at the extent of the measures taken by the NCAA.

"I guess they felt that with the extent of what happened with Sandusky and the way it was handled," those measures were appropriate, he said. "I didn't expect them to take that many away."

The vacating of all of those wins does not just have an effect on what we will say about Paterno. It also largely shakes the standing and legacy of Penn State in the history books, which now is no longer one of the Top 10 winningest football programs of all time.

Penn State, however, unlike Paterno, has had the chance to give input and respond to the Freeh report. And the school is making a statement by saying it will not fight the view the NCAA has taken about previous inaction.

And ultimately, it has agreed to not challenge the NCAA's harsh perception of the past but also self-sanction the school's future and ultimately rewrite Paterno's entire legacy.

Paterno loyalists call NCAA sanctions excessive

soundoff (1,035 Responses)
  1. Rise-Up Penn State

    When will the civic leaders, politicians, Penn State Trustees, Faculty, Staff & Students dig in their heels and say "ENOUGH" ? Let the legal system do it's job and STOP DROPPING BOMBS ON THE REST OF US. Don't roll over and die – this isn't right by anyone's standards.

    July 24, 2012 at 7:42 pm | Report abuse |
    • skipper Sam

      Then drop out of the NCAA, until then remember to Please be quiet, No talking to child welfare officials in the Paterno library !

      July 24, 2012 at 9:07 pm | Report abuse |
  2. Robert

    I think that there has been a lot of knee jerk reaction in the judgements we have seen, because the crimes of Jerry Sandusky have been so grevious. It's like a person getting burned on the stove. The frist thing you do is jerk your hand away. So, I think this is going to be revisited. It may take a long time, but it will be revisited. Sandusky will go down in history as one of the most infamous men in US history. Joe Paterno will be seen also as a villian, or possibly as a tragic victim himself, depending on the conclusions of those who revisit this case.

    July 24, 2012 at 8:08 pm | Report abuse |
  3. skipper Sam

    Please be quiet, No talking to child welfare officials in the Joe Paterno library !

    July 24, 2012 at 9:05 pm | Report abuse |
  4. Mike

    We need to be punished because there was no effort in leadership to LEAD any kind of reconciliation, or effort to make amends for what we did wrong. We could have made voluntary pledges in the millions. We could have given a year's football profit to the victims as settlement. We could have announced a 3-7 point plan on HOW we will change and what difference we will make nationally. We could have turned it around and become a national leader in child abuse prevention/awareness. Instead we stood by and just took the punishment. We needed it, because our leaders weren't doing it, or were to slow to move. 9 days to determine an obvious choice on the statue? Just because we have now been punished doesn't mean we still don't need to lead. The nation watches us defend ourselves, and attempt to minimize damage... we should be apologizing and making a drastic effort to impact child abuse prevention ON OUR OWN... not accepting some silly fine from another organization which is littered with corruption of its own. We are being punished, and will continue to do so because we have not yet learned our lessons. Someone needs to lead.

    July 24, 2012 at 9:08 pm | Report abuse |
  5. skipper Sam

    Oops......In June 2010, the NCAA ruled that Bush had received improper gifts in violation of NCAA policies. Consequently, the NCAA imposed sanctions against the Trojan football program, including a vacation of all wins in which Bush participated after receiving improper gifts. The university has returned its replica of the Heisman trophy to distance itself from Bush

    July 24, 2012 at 9:22 pm | Report abuse |
  6. skipper Sam

    We are crybabies at PSU

    Yall forget this ...

    On June 10, 2010, USC was forced to vacate two wins from the 2004 season, and all wins from the 2005 season, after an NCAA investigation into the football program (and men's basketball program) declared Bush retroactively ineligible. Additional sanctions included a bowl ban in 2010 and 2011, and the loss of 30 football scholarships

    How many wins did Penn State get because of players who would have never attended Penn State if they knew about the University's ties to Sandusky ?

    In the end that is all Pedo Joe cared about

    July 24, 2012 at 9:32 pm | Report abuse |
  7. skipper Sam

    BTW The NCAA did not make the 2005 Oregon Ducks the Pac 10 Champion

    July 24, 2012 at 9:45 pm | Report abuse |
    • Player hater

      Joe Pa did it to himself

      July 25, 2012 at 12:24 am | Report abuse |
    • Player hater

      I hope they have A/C in down in hell Joe Pa

      July 25, 2012 at 12:25 am | Report abuse |
  8. skipper Sam

    The 2004 USC Trojans football team represented the University of Southern California in the 2004–2005 NCAA Division I-A college football season. Although now vacated for breaking NCAA rules, the team won the 2004 BCS National Championship by winning the 2005 Orange Bowl, that year's BCS National Championship Game.

    July 24, 2012 at 10:04 pm | Report abuse |
  9. Chris

    Yes, how many times can a man turn his head
    Pretending he just doesn't see ?

    July 25, 2012 at 1:20 am | Report abuse |
  10. Anne

    Welcome to the world of millions of faithful Catholics who must pay the price for a few (in comparison) bad priests!!! In this case all of us in the pews have lost hard-earned fund raising money and personal contributions that were destined to help the poor, educate the young, construct new buildings, and many other ministries that have now been re-directed to pay huge lawsuits.

    July 25, 2012 at 3:29 am | Report abuse |
  11. Joe Dugan

    Most sports fans, who care seriously about "legends" have the attention span of snail; so Jo Pa will fade as sure as such fans will spend $200.00 for the latest football jersey with some gazillionaire athlete's name on it. The abused children, now adults, will remember the evil Sandusky forever.

    July 25, 2012 at 3:38 am | Report abuse |
  12. SBFlorida

    JoePa's silence is what altered his legacy.

    July 25, 2012 at 4:37 am | Report abuse |
  13. Tom

    Punish the guilty not the innocent.

    July 25, 2012 at 6:50 am | Report abuse |
    • TooClose2DC

      They are punishing the guilty. The culture of Penn State is what led to the leaders making the awful decision to turn away from the victims. All (students, alumnists, faculty) are guilty of creating this culture.

      Sadly, Penn State is not the only univseristy with a football centric culture. Hopefully, the other like minded universities will take note and reevaluate their priorities.

      July 25, 2012 at 10:51 am | Report abuse |
  14. Deep Sea

    Hey, George Washington owned slaves! Lets disband this disgusting country, and beat the cr*p out of each other until we die and burn in hell with Paterno! We've turned a blind eye to all the sins of our countrymen for too long, and we should be punished! First Penn state, next the USA!! If we are lucky, all anyone will remember in a hundred years is that we all were associated with a child molester. 🙂 God, what a bunch of idiots......Set PSU free, and get a grip, you Gerry Springer masses.

    July 25, 2012 at 7:05 am | Report abuse |
  15. GeorgeBos95

    Does the question posed in the headline really need to be asked? Aside from the brainwashed masses at Penn State, history will look scornfully at Paterno. His successes will still be there, in spite of the NCAA trying to wipe them away. But there will always be that extra note attached – he protected a pedophile.

    If anything, the cult following he has will eventually fade away, and the sad reality of what he did will no longer be supported by anyone.

    July 25, 2012 at 7:45 am | Report abuse |
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41