The special prosecutor in the Trayvon Martin shooting case has announced she has filed a charge of second-degree murder against George Zimmerman.
So, what did special prosecutor Angela Corey have to do legally to get here and what will happen next?
In Session's Beth Karas and Jessica Thrill break down the steps Corey took in order to file the charges and how the case will proceed from here.
STEP 1 â€“ Now that Zimmerman is in custody, he has a â€śfirst appearanceâ€ť before a judge
* Zimmerman had his first appearance at 1:30 p.m. Thursday.
* First appearance hearings have to happen within 24 hours of someoneâ€™s arrest.
* The judge read the charges, so Zimmerman is clear about the crimes he is accused of.
* The judge addressed Zimmermanâ€™s right to counsel. Zimmerman has hired Mark Oâ€™Mara.
STEP 2 â€“ Zimmermanâ€™s bond
* Second-degree murder is considered a â€śnonbondableâ€ť offense because the maximum penalty is life in prison.
* Both sides may have already agreed on a reasonable bond.
* But if they havenâ€™t, then Zimmermanâ€™s attorney, Mark Oâ€™Mara, can ask for an â€śArthur hearingâ€ť in an attempt to get bond set.
* At the â€śArthur hearing,â€ť the burden is on the prosecutors to show that Zimmerman should not be given bond.
* This hearing is the opportunity for the defense to see the prosecutionâ€™s evidence against Zimmerman. So, we could get to hear some of the evidence that has not been disclosed.
STEP 3 â€“ Arraignment
* The arraignment will likely happen withinÂ two to threeÂ weeks of the arrest.
* Zimmerman may or may not appear in open court for his arraignment.
* Zimmerman will be arraigned and must enter a plea on the charges, most likely â€śnot guiltyâ€ť (at this stage, defendants almost never plead guilty).
STEP 4 â€“ Defense files a motion to dismiss based on â€śstand your groundâ€ť law
* Zimmerman is entitled to a pretrial evidentiary hearing on whether he can use theÂ stand your groundÂ immunity.
* The burden at that hearing is on the defense to prove by â€śa preponderance of the evidenceâ€ť (meaning itâ€™s more likely than not) that Zimmerman was justified in using deadly force.
- is not engaged in an unlawful activity;
- is being attacked in a place he/she has a right to be; and
- reasonably believes that his/her life and safety is in danger.
* The judge decides whether Zimmermanâ€™s actions were justified and therefore entitle him to the stand your ground immunity.
* If the judge rules Zimmerman is immune, the prosecution can appeal that decision to a higher court.